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General Issues of Hiatal Hernias

  • Burkhard H. A. von Rahden
  • Sumeet K. Mittal
  • Ellen Morrow
Chapter

Abstract

The esophagogastric junction and the esophageal hiatus represent an anatomic unit which functionally resembles the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) [6, 7]. Furthermore, the LES must also be regarded as one functional unit together with the tubular esophagus and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES). Acknowledgment of these functional units seems of crucial importance for hiatal hernia surgery, due to the important effects on esophageal function, i.e., esophageal emptying and antireflux mechanisms.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burkhard H. A. von Rahden
    • 1
  • Sumeet K. Mittal
    • 2
  • Ellen Morrow
    • 3
  1. 1.Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral-, Gefäß und Kinderchirurgie, Zentrum für operative Medizin (ZOM)WürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Norton thoracic institute, Dignity healthPhoenixUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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