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Diffusion coefficient of benzene in butan-1-ol

  • Jochen Winkelmann
Chapter
Part of the Physical Chemistry book series (volume 15B2)

Abstract

This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of benzene in butan-1-ol at different concentrations measured using Taylor dispersion technique, NMR spin echo pulse gradient and diaphragm cell.

3 Diffusion in Liquid Mixtures

3.1. Data

3.1.1. Diffusion in Binary Mixtures

C6 H6

(1)

benzene

71-43-2

C4 H10 O

(2)

butan-1-ol

71-36-3

Mutual Diffusion Coefficient: D12(xi); T = 301.15 ± 0.5 K; Method: DIA

Ref.: [1991R3]

x 1

p [kPa]

D ⋅ 109 [m2/s]

 

0.0000

101.32

0.928

 

0.1952

101.32

0.818

 

0.3847

101.32

0.722

 

0.6064

101.32

0.818

 

0.8171

101.32

1.335

 

Comment: average deviation ± 2%; maximal error up to ± 14%

Mutual Diffusion Coefficient: D12(φ2); T = 298.15 K; Method: TAYLOR

Ref.: [2007Z4]

φ 1

p [kPa]

D ⋅ 109 [m2/s]

 

0.010

101.32

1.01 ± 0.01

 

Intradiffusion Coefficient: D1T (xi); T = 298.15 K; Method: NMR PG

Ref.: [1980C2]

x 1

p [kPa]

D ⋅ 109 [m2/s]

 

0.500

101.32

1.83 ± 0.02

 

Intradiffusion Coefficient: D2T (xi); T = 298.15 K; Method: NMR PG

Ref.: [1980C2]

x 1

p [kPa]

D ⋅ 109 [m2/s]

 

0.500

101.32

0.90 ± 0.01

 
Symbols and Abbreviations

Short Form

Full Form

D

diffusion coefficient

p

pressure

T

temperature

φ i

volume fraction

x i

mole fraction

TAYLOR

Taylor dispersion technique

NMR PG

NMR spin echo pulse gradient

DIA

diaphragm cell

References

  1. [1980C2]
    Callaghan, P. T., Trotter, C. M., Jolley, K. W.: J. Magn. Reson. 37 (1980) 247–259.Google Scholar
  2. [1991R3]
    Ramprasad, G., Mukherjee, A. K., Das, T. R.: J. Chem. Eng. Data 36 (1991) 124–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [2007Z4]
    Zou M., Han, Y. L., Qi, L., Chen, Y.: Chin. Sci. Bull. 52 (2007) 3325–3332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jochen Winkelmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Institut für Physikalische ChemieHalle/S.Germany

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