Leistungsmotivation

Chapter
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Im Mittelpunkt dieses Kapitels steht „die“ Leistungsmotivationstheorie Atkinsons (1957), einschließlich ihrer Vorläuferarbeiten bei McClelland, Atkinson, Clark und Lowell 1953 sowie ihrer Fortentwicklung zu einem Modell der Selbstbewertung durch Heckhausen 1975. Nach einer Einführung in die ontogenetischen Grundlagen leistungsmotivierten Verhaltens wird die Entwicklung von Bilder-Geschichten-Tests rekapituliert, mit denen sich individuelle Unterschiede in der Stärke des Leistungsmotivs sowie seiner beiden Facetten, „Hoffnung auf Erfolg“ und „Furcht vor Misserfolg“, erfassen lassen. Es werden Arbeiten zur Validierung dieser Messung vorgestellt, gefolgt von einer Abhandlung der zentralen Befunde zu Atkinsons Risikowahlmodell und zu dessen Erweiterung, um komplexe Leistungen vorhersagen zu können. Ein weiterer Abschnitt ist Heckhausens Selbstbewertungsmodell sowie dessen Anwendung auf Fragen der schulischen Lernmotivation gewidmet. Abschließend werden offene Fragen skizziert.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich 06 Psychologie und SportwissenschaftJustus-Liebig-Universität GießenGießenDeutschland
  2. 2.(1926-1988)Bochum, MünchenDeutschland

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