Sealing and elastomer components for lithium battery systems
Lithium batteries dominate today's consumer market. In the year 2014, around two billion lithium cells were produced for cell phones only. Off-the-shelf usage of lithium-based battery systems in vehicles began in the year 2009 with Daimler AG's S400 hybrid. In 2011, the first purely electric vehicles with lithium batteries were produced in series. As of today, all battery-driven and plug-in hybrid vehicles contain lithium-based energy storage systems. Table 10.1 compares consumer lithium batteries with automotive lithium batteries.
- 1.Kritzer P, Clemens M, Heldmann R (2011) Innovative seals: a robust and reliable seal design can provide efficient battery cooling cycles for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. Engine Technology International, June 2011, p. 64Google Scholar
- 2.Kritzer P, Gattringer R, Nahrwold O, Heldmann R (2015) Sealing and elastomer components in cooling circuits for electric vehicles. ATZ 117 (07-08): 54 – 58Google Scholar
- 3.Kritzer P, Rheinhardt H, Nahrwold O, Ewig T, Schreiner M (2011) Druckmanagement und Vermeidung von Flüssigkeiten in Lithium-Batteriesystemen. Mobility 2.0(3), pp. 42 – 47Google Scholar
- 4.Schäefer C, Kleinke C, Kritzer P (2017) Pressure Management in Battery Systems. Emobilitytec 4:48 – 51Google Scholar
- 5.Kritzer P, Nahrwold O (2011) Sealing and Fixing Elements for Flexible Cells in Large-Scale Lithium Batteries. ATZ 113 (06):26 – 28Google Scholar