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Erkrankungen der Schweißdrüsen

  • Marc Heckmann
Chapter
Part of the Springer Reference Medizin book series (SRM)

Zusammenfassung

Der Mensch besitzt wie kein anderes Säugetier ekkrine Schweißdrüsen, die über die gesamte Haut verteilt sind und effektiv vor einem Hitzestau schützen. Axillär und genitoanal finden sich apokrine Schweißdrüsen, die ab der Pubertät Duftstoffe mit pheromonartiger Wirkung freisetzen. Krankhaftes Schwitzen (Hyperhidrose) kann als rein funktionelle Störung ohne erkennbare Ursache (primär) oder als Folge anderer Erkrankungen (sekundär) auftreten und erhebliche psychosoziale Probleme verursachen. Fehlendes Schwitzen (Anhidrose) kann dagegen zu lebensbedrohlicher Überhitzung führen. Auch krankhafte Geruchsbildung (Bromhidrose) und Verfärbung des Schweißes (Chromhidrose) sind möglich. Entzündlichen Erkrankungen mit histologisch erkennbaren Veränderungen umfassen Miliaria und neutrophile Hidradenitis. Seltene Gendefekte können neben Haar-, Nagel- oder Zahndefekten auch zur Alteration von Schweißdrüsen führen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Praxisklinik für DermatologieStarnbergDeutschland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Ruzicka
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und AllergologieUniversität MünchenMünchenDeutschland

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