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COPD pp 87-127 | Cite as

Imaging of COPD

  • Sang Min Lee
  • Song Soo Kim
  • Hye Jeon Hwang
  • Joon Beom SeoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Although imaging of patient with COPD in not recommended in clinical practice, many researches and drug trial include imaging studies in evaluation of COPD. In particular, thin-section volumetric CT covering the whole lung with following quantitative assessment has been accepted one of the essential components of studies. This chapter encompasses the whole aspect of CT in COPD, including basic CT physics, radiation dose consideration, diagnosis and visual assessment of COPD, fundamentals of quantitative assessment of emphysema, airway wall thickening, and air trapping and its clinical values. Assessment of other components of COPD includes chest wall changes, vascular changes, osteoporosis, and so on. In addition, new emerging imaging methods such as MRI, dual-energy CT, PET, and optical imaging to evaluate not only morphologic but also functional aspects of lung in COPD will be introduced. Functional imaging includes direct visualization of ventilation, perfusion, chest wall motion, and inflammation. The promising results of early studies will be introduced, highlighting the potential of imaging approach for the future studies.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang Min Lee
    • 1
  • Song Soo Kim
    • 2
  • Hye Jeon Hwang
    • 3
  • Joon Beom Seo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Cardiothoracic Radiology, Department of RadiologyAsan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyChungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of MedicineDaejeonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyHallym University College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart HospitalSeoulSouth Korea

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