Advertisement

Phoniatrics I pp 619-712 | Cite as

Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Developmental Disorders of Speech and Language

  • Tahany AbdelKarim Elsayed
  • Wolfgang Angerstein
  • María Bielsa Corrochano
  • Dirk Deuster
  • Andrea Joe Embacher
  • Uta Hanning
  • Mona Hegazi
  • Christiane Kiese-Himmel
  • Ben A. M. Maassen
  • Barbara Maciejewska
  • Ana Martínez Arellano
  • Peter Matulat
  • Katrin Neumann
  • Thomas Niederstadt
  • Karen Reichmuth
  • Jochen Rosenfeld
  • Rainer Schönweiler
  • Melanie Vauth
  • Adam P. Vogel
  • Dagmar Weise
Chapter
Part of the European Manual of Medicine book series (EUROMANUAL)

Abstract

This chapter describes the diagnostic process necessary for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of developmental disorders of speech and language (DDSL). This process starts with an interview of the parents and addresses the medical history, previous or current treatments, social conditions and family history of the child. Parents’ questionnaires are useful tools to assess the child’s language, sensory, motor, socio-emotional and cognitive developmental status. Central to the diagnostic process is the assessment of the age-related speech-language status of a child. It starts from the evaluation of spontaneous speech via informal assessment methods up to standardized language tests, the use of which is imperative. An algorithm of the diagnostics of DDSL, focusing on specific DDSL (SDDSL) and considering comorbidities, is an essential part of this chapter. Examples of language screenings and tests, and language-covering developmental tests, are outlined for German and English languages.

The chapter provides examination protocols for the articulation of speech sounds and oral-motor, tactile and kinaesthetic skills of children, including objective speech motor analysis, e.g. by articulography and sonography of articulation organs. In order to complement the evaluation of the language-relevant developmental status of a child, neuropaediatric and psychological examinations may be necessary, including the assessment of a child’s cognitive and general developmental status, behaviour, attention, laboratory and clinical neurophysiological examinations, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and radiological examinations, in particular cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT).

Keywords

Developmental language disorder Language impairment Diagnosis Differential diagnosis Language test 

References

  1. Achenbach TM, Rescorla LA (2001) Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families, BurlingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Akgul YS, Kambhamettu C, Stone M (1999) Automatic extraction and tracking of the tongue contours. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 18(10):1035–1045PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Alderson-Day B, Fernyhough C (2015) Inner speech: development, cognitive functions, phenomenology, and neurobiology. Psychol Bull 141(5):931–965PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alloway TP, Gathercole SE, Holmes J et al (2009) The diagnostic utility of behavioral checklists in identifying children with AD(H)D and children with working memory deficits. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 40(3):353–366PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Almairac F, Herbet G, Moritz-Gasser S et al (2015) The left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus subserves language semantics: a multilevel lesion study. Brain Struct Funct 220(4):1983–1995.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-014-0773-1CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education (2014) Standards for educational and psychological testing. American Educational Research Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edn. American Psychiatric Association Publishing, ArlingtonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) (2004) Preferred practice patterns for the profession of speech-language pathology [preferred practice patterns]. Available via https://www.asha.org/policy/PP2004-00191/. Accessed 5 Dec, 12 Dec 2015/ 28 May 2016
  9. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) (2016) Practice portal for clinical topics: speech sound disorders: articulation and phonology. Available via www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Articulation-and-Phonology. Accessed 3 Sept 2016
  10. Angerstein W (1994) Ultraschallgestützter Untersuchungsgang zur Beurteilung der Zungenbeweglichkeit. Sprache-Stimme-Gehör 18:80–84Google Scholar
  11. Angerstein W (2003) Sonography of the tongue while playing the didgeridoo. Musikphysiol Musikermed 10(1):14–15Google Scholar
  12. Angerstein W, Isselstein A, Lindner C et al (2009) Ultrasound examinations of the tongue while playing wind instruments. Musikphysiol Musikermed 16(1):7–8Google Scholar
  13. Ayres AJ (1996) Sensory integration and praxis tests, 3rd edn. Western Psychological Services, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  14. Bacsfalvi P, Bernhardt BM (2011) Long-term outcomes of speech therapy for seven adolescents with visual feedback technologies: ultrasound and electropalatography. Clin Linguist Phon. 25(11–12):1034–1043.  https://doi.org/10.3109/02699206.2011.618236CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Badcock NA, Bishop DV, Hardiman MJ et al (2012) Co-localisation of abnormal brain structure and function in specific language impairment. Brain Lang 120(3):310–320.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2011.10.006CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Ballard KJ, Savage S, Leyton CE et al (2014) Logopenic and nonfluent variants of primary progressive aphasia are differentiated by acoustic measures of speech production. PLoS One 9(2):e89864.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089864CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Barkley RA (1997) Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of AD(H)D. Psychol Bull 121(1):64–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Barkley RA (2006) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a handbook for diagnosis and treatment, 3rd edn. Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Barkley RA, Edwards G, Laneri M et al (2001) Executive functioning, temporal discounting, and sense of time in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). J Abnorm Child Psychol 29(6D):541–556PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Bates E, Marchman V, Thal D et al (1994) Developmental and stylistic variation in the composition of early vocabulary. J Child Lang 21(1):85–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bates E, Dale P, Thal D (1995) Individual differences and their implications for theories of language development. In: Fletcher P, MacWhinney B (eds) The handbook of child language. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, pp 96–152Google Scholar
  22. Bayley N (2006) Bayley scales of infant and toddler development, 3rd edn (Bayley-III). Administration manual, Harcourt, San AntonioGoogle Scholar
  23. Bayley N (2014) Bayley scales of infant and toddler development, 3rd edn (Bayley-III). Pearson Assessment, Frankfurt/Main (German version: Reuner G, Rosenkranz J (eds))Google Scholar
  24. Beagley SB, Reedman SE, Sakzewski L et al (2016) Establishing Australian norms for the Jebsen Taylor Test of Hand Function in typically developing children aged five to 10 years: a pilot study. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 36(1):88–109PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Benner GJ, Nelson JR, Epstein MH (2002) Language skills of children with EBD: a literature review. J Emot Behav Disord 10(1):43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Bennett JW, Peterson CQ (1995) The touch inventory for elementary-school-aged children: test-retest reliability and mother-child correlations. Am J Occup Ther 49(8):795–801PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Benton AL, Hamsher K (1976) Multilingual aphasia examination. AJA Associates, Iowa CityGoogle Scholar
  28. Berger D (2007) Primitive reflexes and righting reactions. A look through the lens of survival, emotions and memory. Available via https://daveberger.net/daves-articles/primitive-reflexes-and-rightingreactions-a-look-through-the-lense-of-survival-emotions-and-memory/. Accessed 5 May 2018
  29. Bernhardt B, Bacsfalvi P, Gick B et al (2005) Exploring the use of electropalatography and ultrasound in speech habilitation. J Speech Lang Pathol Audiol 29(4):169–182Google Scholar
  30. Bernthal J, Bankson NW, Flipsen P (2013) Articulation and phonological disorders. Pearson Higher Education, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  31. Bezdjian S, Baker LA, Lozano DI et al (2009) Assessing inattention and impulsivity in children during the Go/NoGo task. Br J Dev Psychol 27(2):365–383PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Biederman J, Monuteaux MC, Doyle AE et al (2004) Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD(H)D) on academic outcomes in children. J Consult Clin Psychol 72(5):757–766PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Bigenzahn W (2003) Orofaziale Dysfunktionen im Kindesalter, 2nd revised edn. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  34. Bigenzahn W, Gritzmann N, Höfler H (1988) Artikulations- und Schluckbewegungen der Zunge in der Real-time-Sonographie. Zentralbl HNO 135:137Google Scholar
  35. Bishop DV, Adams C (1990) A prospective study of the relationship between specific language impairment, phonological disorders and reading retardation. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 31(7):1027–1050PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. Blankenburg M, Meyer D, Hirschfeld G et al (2011) Developmental and sex differences in somatosensory perception - a systematic comparison of 7- versus 14-year-olds using quantitative sensory testing. Pain 152(11):2625–2631PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Blausen.com staff (2014) Medical gallery of Blausen Medical 2014. Wikiversity J Med 1(2). https://doi.org/10.15347/wjm/2014.010. ISSN 2002-4436
  38. Blomberg H, Dempsey M (2011) Movements that heal: rhythmic movement training and primitive reflex integration. BookPal, Coopers PlainsGoogle Scholar
  39. Boada R, Willcutt EG, Pennington BF (2012) Understanding the comorbidity between dyslexia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Top Lang Disord 32(3):264–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Böckler R (1990) Medizinische Grundlagen des Ultraschallverfahrens bei der Anwendung zur Artikulationsanbahnung. HÖRPÄD 44:15–17Google Scholar
  41. Böckler R, Wein B, Neumann H et al (1988) Zungensonographische Unterstützung der Anbahnung des /k/-Lautes bei einem gehörlosen Kind. HÖRPÄD 42:337–343Google Scholar
  42. Böckler R, Wein B, Klajman S (1989) Ultraschalluntersuchung der aktiven und passiven Beweglichkeit der Zunge. Folia Phoniatr 41(6):277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Böckler R, Wein B, Wild A et al (1990) Sonographische Unterstützung der logopädischen Behandlung des Sigmatismus lateralis. Sprache-Stimme-Gehör 14:117–119Google Scholar
  44. Boersma P, Weenink D (2014) Praat: doing phonetics by computer. Available via http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/. Accessed March 2017
  45. Böhme G (1990) Ultraschalldiagnostik der Zunge. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 69(7):381–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Bressmann T, Heng CL, Irish JC (2005a) Applikations of 2D and 3D ultrasound imaging in speech-language pathology. J Speech Lang Pathol Audiol 29(4):158–168Google Scholar
  47. Bressmann T, Thind P, Uy C et al (2005b) Quantitative three-dimensional ultrasound analysis of tongue protrusion, grooving and symmetry: data from 12 normal speakers and a partial glossectomee. Clin Linguist Phon 19(6–7):573–588PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  48. Bressmann T, Uy C, Irish JC (2005c) Analysing normal and partial glossectomee tongues using ultrasound. Clin Linguist Phon 19(1):35–52PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Brothers KB, Glascoe FP, Robertshaw NS (2008) PEDS: developmental milestones - an accurate brief tool for surveillance and screening. Clin Pediatr 47(3):271–279PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. Brown TE (2006) Executive functions and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: implications of two conflicting views. Int J Disabil Dev Educ 53(1):35–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Burden V, Stott CM, Forge J et al (1996) The Cambridge Language and Speech Project (CLASP). 1. Detection of language difficulties at 36 to 39 months. Dev Med Child Neurol 38(7):613–631PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  52. Burris C, Vorperian HK, Fourakis M et al (2014) Quantitative and descriptive comparison of four acoustic analysis systems: vowel measurements. J Speech Lang Hear Res 57(1):26–45PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Bushnell EW, Boudreau JP (1991) The development of haptic perception during infancy. In: Heller MA, Schiff W (eds) The psychology of touch. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 139–161Google Scholar
  54. Carlson ML, Neff BA, Link MJ et al (2015) Magnetic resonance imaging with cochlear implant magnet in place: safety and imaging quality. Otol Neurotol 36(6):965–971PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  55. Carson DK, Klee T, Perry CK et al (1998) Comparisons of children with delayed and normal language at 24 months of age on measures of behavioral difficulties, social and cognitive development. Infant Ment Health J 19(1):59–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Case-Smith J, Butcher L, Reed D (1998) Parent’s report of sensory responsiveness and temperament in preterm infants. Am J Occup Ther 52(7):547–555PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  57. Cheung PSP, Ng A, To CKS (2006) Hong Kong Cantonese articulation test. Language Information Sciences Research Centre, City University of Hong Kong, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  58. CHILDES (2014) Child language data exchange system. Available via http://childes.talkbank.org/. Accessed 1 June 2014
  59. Clahsen H (1986) Die Profilanalyse. Ein linguistisches Verfahren für die Sprachdiagnose im Vorschulalter. Marhold, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  60. Cohen NJ, Farnia F, Im-Bolter N (2013) Higher order language competence and adolescent mental health. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54(7):733–744PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Conners CK (2004) Conners’ CPT II continuous performance test II. Multi Health Systems, North TonawandaGoogle Scholar
  62. Conti-Ramsden G, Botting N (2008) Emotional health in adolescents with and without a history of specific language impairment (SLI). J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49(5):516–525PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Coplan J, Gleason JR (1988) Unclear speech: recognition and significance of unintelligible speech in preschool children. Pediatrics 82(3):447–452PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. Culicchia G, Nobilia M, Asturi M et al (2016) Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test in an Italian population. Rehabil Res Pract 2016:8970917.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8970917. Epub 2016 Jul 18CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  65. Dale PS (1991) The validity of a parent report measure of vocabulary and syntax at 24 months. J Speech Hear Res 34(3):565–571PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  66. DaParma A, Geffner D, Martin N (2011) Prevalence and nature of language impairment in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Contemp Issues Commun Sci Disord 38:119–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Debuschewitz A, Winkler U, Günther T et al (2004) Die Bedeutung der taktil-kinästhetischen Wahrnehmung bei Kindern mit Aussprachestörungen. Sprache-Stimme-Gehör 28(4):171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Dilling H, Mombour W, Schmidt MH (2008) Internationale Klassifikation psychischer Störungen, 6th edn. Hans Huber, BernGoogle Scholar
  69. Dodd B (2005) Differential diagnosis and treatment of children with speech disorder, 2nd edn. Whurr, LondonGoogle Scholar
  70. Dodd B (2014) Differential diagnosis of pediatric speech sound disorder. Curr Dev Disord Rep 1(3):189–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Dodd B, Hua Z, Crosbie S et al. (2002) Diagnostic evaluation of articulation and phonology (DEAP). Psychology Corporation. Pearson Education, London (UK edition)Google Scholar
  72. Dodd B, Hua Z, Crosbie S et al (2006) Diagnostic evaluation of articulation and phonology (DEAP). Psychology Corporation. Pearson Education, London (US edition)Google Scholar
  73. Duffy JR (2016) Functional speech disorders: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management. Handb Clin Neurol 139:379–388PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  74. Dunn W, Griffith JW, Sabata D et al (2015) Measuring change in somatosensation across the lifespan. Am J Occup Ther 69(3):6903290020p1–6903290020p9.  https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.014845CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  75. Durkin K, Conti-Ramsden G (2010) Young people with specific language impairment: a review of social and emotional functioning in adolescence. Child Lang Teach Ther 26(2):107–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Ebejer JL, Medland SE, van der Werf J et al (2012) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Australian adults: prevalence, persistence, conduct problems and disadvantage. PLoS One 7(10):e47404PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Ege P, Acarlar F, Turan F (2004) Ankara Artikülasyon Testi. Key Tasarim, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  78. Engle RW, Tuholski SW, Laughlin JE et al (1999) Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: a latent-variable approach. J Exp Psychol 128(3):309–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Fenichel GM (2009) Clinical pediatric neurology. A signs and symptoms approach, 6th edn. Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  80. Fenson L, Marchman VA, Thal DJ et al (2007) MacArthur-Bates communicative development inventories: user’s guide and technical manual, 2nd edn. Paul H. Brookes Publishing, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  81. Flipsen P Jr, Ogiela DA (2015) Psychometric characteristics of single-word tests of children’s speech sound production. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 46(2):166–178PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  82. Folio R, Fewell RR (2000) The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd edn (PDMS-2). PRO-ED, AustinGoogle Scholar
  83. Folker JE, Murdoch BE, Cahill LM et al (2010) Differentiating impairment levels in temporal versus spatial aspects of linguopalatal contacts in Friedreich’s ataxia. Motor Control 14(4):490–508PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  84. Folker JE, Murdoch BE, Cahill LM et al (2011) Articulatory kinematics in the dysarthria associated with Friedreich’s ataxia. Motor Control 15(3):376–389PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  85. Fox AV (2006) Kindliche Aussprachestörungen. Phonologischer Erwerb – Differenzialdiagnostik – Therapie. Schulz-Kirchner Verlag, IdsteinGoogle Scholar
  86. Fox AV, Dodd BJ (1999) Der Erwerb des phonologischen Systems in der deutschen Sprache. Sprache - Stimme - Gehör 23:183–191Google Scholar
  87. Fox-Boyer A (2014) Psycholinguistische Analyse kindlicher Aussprachestörungen (PLAKKS-II) (revised edition of PLAKKS, 2002). Pearson Assessment, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  88. Fox-Boyer A, Salgert K, Clausen MC (2016) Diagnostik von kindlichen Aussprachestörungen unklarer Genese. Sprache Stimme Gehör 40(02):61–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Francis DO, Chinnadurai S, Morad A et al (2015) Treatments for ankyloglossia and ankyloglossia with concomitant lip-tie. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 149. Available via https://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ehc/products/558/2074/ankyloglossia-report-150504.pdf. Accessed 7 May 2017
  90. Gardner JT (2010) Ultrasonographic investigation of clarinet multiple articulation. D.M.A. thesis, Graduate College, Arizona State University, Tempe. Available via http://gradworks.umi.com/34/10/3410697.html. Accessed 8 April 2016
  91. Gardner JT, Stone M (2010) A comparison of midsagittal tongue shapes during clarinet performance and vowel production using ultrasound. Poster presented at Ultrafest V, Haskins Labs, New Haven, 20 March 2010. Available via http://www.haskins.yale.edu/conferences/UltrafestV/abstracts/Gardner_Stone_Poster_UltrafestV.pdf. Accessed 8 April 2016
  92. Gerken L (1994) Child Phonology. In: Gernsbacher MA (ed) Handbook of psychology. Academic, San Diego, pp 781–820Google Scholar
  93. Gibbon FE, Lee A (2016) Electropalatographic (EPG) evidence of covert contrasts in disordered speech. Clin Linguist Phon 31(1):4–20PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  94. Glascoe FP (1999) Using parents’ concerns to detect and address developmental and behavioral problems. J Soc Pediatr Nurs 4(1):24–35PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  95. Glascoe FP, Dworkin PH (1995) The role of parents in the detection of developmental and behavioral problems. Pediatrics 95(6):829–836PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  96. Glaspey AM, Stoel-Gammon C (2007) A dynamic approach to phonological assessment. Adv Speech Lang Pathol 9(4):286–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Goddard S (2005) Reflexes, learning and behavior: A window into the child’s mind. Fern Ridge Press, EugeneGoogle Scholar
  98. Goldstein B, Iglesias A (2006) CPACS: contextual probes of articulation competence: Spanish. Super Duper, GreenvilleGoogle Scholar
  99. Götze B, Kiese-Himmel C, Hasselhorn M (2001) Haptische Wahrnehmungs- und Sprachentwicklungsleistungen bei Kindergarten- und Vorschulkindern. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 50(8):640–648PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  100. Grech H, Dodd B, Franklin S (2011) Maltese-English Speech Assessment (MESA). University of Malta, GuardamangiaGoogle Scholar
  101. Grunwald M (ed) (2008) Human haptic perception. Basics and applications. Birkhäuser, BaselGoogle Scholar
  102. Grunwald M, Beyer L (eds) (2001) Grundlagen und Anwendungen zur haptischen Wahrnehmung. Birkhäuser, BaselGoogle Scholar
  103. Grunwell P (1993) Analysing cleft palate speech. Whurr Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  104. Guerreiro MM, Hage SR, Guimaraes CA et al (2002) Developmental language disorder associated with polymicrogyria. Neurology 59(2):245–250PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. de Guibert C, Maumet C, Jannin P et al (2011) Abnormal functional lateralization and activity of language brain areas in typical specific language impairment (developmental dysphasia). Brain 134(10):3044–3058.  https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awr141CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  106. Hardcastle WJ (2006) Electromyography. In: Hardcastle WJ, Hewlett N (eds) Coarticulation: theory, data and techniques. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 270–283Google Scholar
  107. Hatch F, Maietta L (1991) The role of kinesthesia in pre- and perinatal bonding. J Prenat Perinat Psychol Health 5(3):253–270Google Scholar
  108. Head H (1905) The afferent nervous system from a new aspect. Brain 28(2):99–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Healey DM, Rucklidge JJ (2008) The relationship between AD(H)D and creativity. The AD(H)D report. The Guilford, New York, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  110. Hendrickson K, Mitsven S, Poulin-Dubois D et al (2015) Looking and touching: what extant approaches reveal about the structure of early word knowledge. Dev Sci 18(5):723–735PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  111. Henry JD, Beatty WW (2006) Verbal fluency deficits in multiple sclerosis. Neuropsychologia 44(7):1166–1174PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  112. Heyne M, Derrick D (2014) Some initial findings regarding first language influence on playing brass instruments. In: Proceedings of the 15th Australasian international conference on speech science and technology, Christchurch, 2014, pp 180–183. Available via http://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/xmlui/handle/10092/10656. Accessed 22 April 2016
  113. Heyne M, Derrick D (2015) The influence of tongue position on trombone sound: a likely area of language influence, Christchurch. Available via http://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/handle/10092/11122. Accessed 22 April 2016
  114. Hickok G, Poeppel D (2015) Neural basis of speech perception. Handb Clin Neurol 129:149–160.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-62630-1.00008-1CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  115. Hirschfeld G, Zernikow B, Krämer N et al (2012) Development of somatosensory perception in children: a longitudinal QST-study. Neuropediatrics 43(1):10–16PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  116. Hodson B, Paden E (1991) Targeting intelligible speech: a phonological approach to remediation, 2nd edn. Pro-Ed/College Hill, AustinGoogle Scholar
  117. Hollo A, Wehby JH, Oliver RM (2014) Unidentified language deficits in children with emotional and behavioral disorders: a meta-analysis. Except Child 80(2):169–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Im-Bolter N, Cohen NJ, Farnia F (2013) I thought we were good: social cognition, figurative language, and adolescent psychopathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54(7):724–732PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  119. International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children’s Speech (2012) Multilingual children with speech sound disorders: position paper. Available via http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/position-paper. Accessed 28 May 2016
  120. International Phonetic Association (IPA) (1999) Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: a guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  121. IPA Chart. http://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/content/ipa-chart, available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License. Copyright © 2015 International Phonetic Association
  122. Itabashi R, Nishio Y, Kataoka Y et al (2016) Damage to the left precentral gyrus is associated with apraxia of speech in acute stroke. Stroke 47(1):31–36.  https://doi.org/10.1161/strokeaha.115.010402CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  123. Jebsen RH, Taylor N, Trieschmann RB et al (1969) An objective and standardized test of hand function. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 50(6):311–319PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  124. Jones D (1972) An outline of English phonetics, 9th edn. W. Heffer & Sons, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  125. Jones LA, Lederman SJ (2006) Human hand function. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Kalisch T, Kattenstroth JC, Kowalewski R et al (2012) Cognitive and tactile factors affecting human haptic performance in later life. PLoS One 7(1):e30420.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030420CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  127. Karmiloff K, Karmiloff-Smith A (2001) Pathways to language. From fetus to adolescent. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  128. Kaufman AS, Kaufman NL (1983) Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. American Guidance Service, Circle Pines MNGoogle Scholar
  129. Kaufman AS, Kaufman NL (2004) Kaufman-Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edn (KABC-II). AGS Publications, Circle Pines MNGoogle Scholar
  130. Kauschke C (1999) Der Erwerb des frühkindlichen Lexikons – eine empirische Studie zur Entwicklung des Wortschatzes im Deutschen. Narr, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  131. Kauschke C, Siegmüller J (2009) Patholinguistische Diagnostik bei Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (PDSS), 2nd edn. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  132. Kavanagh G, O’Hanrahan S, Hughes G et al (2014) Review of clinical guidelines for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and their application to an Irish context. Ir J Psychol Med 1(3):1–11Google Scholar
  133. Kell CA, Neumann K, von Kriegstein K et al (2009) How the brain repairs stuttering. Brain 132(Pt 10):2747–2760.  https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awp185CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  134. Keller T (2014) ROC-Analysen. Available via http://www.acomed-statistik.de/roc-kurve.html. Accessed 1 June 2014
  135. Kelsey CA, Minifie FD, Hixon TJ (1969) Applications of ultrasound in speech research. J Speech Hear Res 12(3):564–575PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  136. Kent RD (2000) Research on speech motor control and its disorders: a review and prospective. J Commun Disord 33(5):391–428PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  137. Kent RD (2015) Nonspeech oral movements and oral motor disorders: a narrative review. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 24(4):763–789PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Kiese-Himmel C (unter Mitarbeit von Kiefer S) (2000) Diagnostischer Elternfragebogen zur taktil-kinästhetischen Responsivität im frühen Kindesalter (DEF-TK). Beltz, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  139. Kiese-Himmel C (2003) Göttinger Entwicklungstest der TAktil-KInästhetischen WAhrnehmung (TAKIWA). Beltz, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  140. Kiese-Himmel C (2005) Taktil-Kinästhetik - eine funktionale Grundlage der Sprachentwicklung? L.O.G.O.S. Interdisziplinär. Fachzeitschrift für Logopädie und andere kommunikationstherapeutische und benachbarte Gebiete 13:202–211Google Scholar
  141. Kiese-Himmel C (2006) Wahrnehmung taktiler Reize. In: Funke J, Frensch PA (eds) Handbuch der Psychologie. Bd: Allgemeine Psychologie: Kognition und Handlung. Hogrefe, Göttingen, pp 147–151Google Scholar
  142. Kiese-Himmel C (2007) Die Bedeutung der taktil-kinästhetischen Sinnesmodalität für die Sprachentwicklung. Forum Logopädie 21:26–29Google Scholar
  143. Kiese-Himmel C (2008) Haptic perception in infancy and first acquisition of object words: developmental and clinical approach. In: Grunwald M (ed) Human haptic perception. Basics and applications. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 321–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Kiese-Himmel C, Kruse E (1998) Höhere taktil-kinästhetische Funktionen ehemalig sprachentwicklungsgestörter Kinder im Grundschulalter - eine neuropsychologische Studie. Folia Phoniatr Logop 50(4):195–120PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  145. Kiese-Himmel C, Schiebusch-Reiter U (1999) Haptische Formdiskrimination: Gruppenvergleich von sprachunauffälligen und ehemals sprachentwicklungsgestörten Kindern. HNO 47(1):45–50PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  146. Kiese-Himmel C, Witte C, von Steinbüchel N (2015) Graphästhesie und Sprachleistungen bei 3- bis 6-Jährigen mit Migrationshintergrund. Praxis Sprache 60(3):148–154Google Scholar
  147. Kim Y, Shin M (2004) Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology (U-TAP). Hakjisa Publisher, SeoulGoogle Scholar
  148. Kim M, Pae S, Bak C (2007) Assessment of Phonology and Articulation for Children (APAC). Human Brain Research and Consulting Company, InchonGoogle Scholar
  149. Kirk C, Vigeland L (2014) A psychometric review of norm-referenced tests used to assess phonological error patterns. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 45(4):365–377PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  150. Klajman S, Huber W, Neumann H (1988) Ultrasonographische Unterstützung der Artikulationsanbahnung bei gehörlosen Kindern. Sprache-Stimme-Gehör 12:117–120Google Scholar
  151. Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW et al (eds) (2011) Nelson textbook of pediatrics, 19th edn. Elsevier, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  152. Kunnari S, Savinainen-Makkonen T, Saaristo-Helin K (2012) Fonologiatesti. Niilo Mäki Instituutti, JyväskyläGoogle Scholar
  153. Ladefoged P (2006) A course in phonetics, 5th edn. Thomson Wadsworth, BostonGoogle Scholar
  154. Laing GJ, Law J, Levin A et al (2002) Evaluation of a structured test and a parent led method for screening for speech and language problems: prospective population based study. BMJ 325(7373):1152–1154PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. de Langen-Müller U, Kauschke C, Kiesel-Himmel C et al (eds. in equal authorship) (2011) Diagnostik von Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (SES), unter Berücksichtigung umschriebener Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (USES) (Synonym: Spezifische Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (SSES)) Interdisziplinäre S2k-Leitlinie. Register-Nr: 049/006. Available via: http://www.awmf.org/uploads/tx_szleitlinien/049-006l_S2k_Sprachentwicklungsstoerungen_Diagnostik_2013-06-abgelaufen_01.pdf. Accessed 11 April 2018
  156. de Langen-Müller U, Kiese-Himmel C, Neumann K et al (equal authorship) (2012) Diagnostik von (umschriebenen) Sprachentwicklungsstörungen, 1st edn. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar
  157. de Langen-Müller U, Kauschke C, Kiese-Himmel C et al (eds in equal authorship) (2013) Diagnostik von Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (SES), unter Berücksichtigung umschriebener Sprachentwicklungsstörungen (USES). [Diagnostics of developmental disorders of speech and language with special attention to specific developmental disorders of speech and language.] Guidelines of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie e.V. (DGPP) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie (DGKJP). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e.V. (AWMF). Register-Nr. 049/006. Available via http://www.awmf.org/uploads/tx_szleitlinien/049-006l_S2k_Sprachentwicklungsstoerungen_Diagnostik_2013-06_01.pdf. Accessed 13 Nov 2016
  158. Largo RH, Molinari L, Comenale PL et al (1986) Language development of term and preterm children during the first five years of life. Dev Med Child Neurol 28(3):333–350PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  159. Law J, Boyle J, Harris F et al (2000) The feasibility of universal screening for primary speech and language delay: findings from a systematic review of the literature. Dev Med Child Neurol 42(3):190–200PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  160. Lederman SJ, Klatzky RL (1987) Hand movements: a window into haptic object recognition. Cogn Psychol 19(3):342–368PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  161. Lejeune F, Berne-Audéoud F, Marcus L et al (2014) The effect of postnatal age on the early tactile manual abilities of preterm infants. Early Hum Dev 90(5):259–264PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  162. Leonard MA, Milich R, Lorch P (2011) The role of pragmatic language use in mediating the relation between hyperactivity and inattention and social skills problems. J Speech Lang Hear Res 54(2):567–579PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  163. Li M, Kambhamettu C, Stone M (2005) Automatic contour tracking in ultrasound images. Clin Linguist Phon 19(6-7):545–554PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  164. Liégeois FJ, Morgan AT (2012) Neural bases of childhood speech disorders: lateralization and plasticity for speech functions during development. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36(1):439–458PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  165. Liégeois F, Mayes A, Morgan A (2014) Neural correlates of developmental speech and language disorders: evidence from neuroimaging. Curr Dev Disord Rep 1(3):215–227.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40474-014-0019-1CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  166. Lietz R (1996) Klinisch-neurologische Untersuchung im Kindesalter. Deutscher Ärzte Verlag, KölnGoogle Scholar
  167. Lin E, Hornibrook J, Ormond T (2012) Evaluating iPhone recordings for acoustic voice assessment. Folia Phoniatr Logop 64(3):122–130PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  168. Lindner C, Angerstein W, Aurich V et al (2007) An algorithm for pseudo-3D representation of the contour of the tongue while playing the didgeridoo. In: Agulló J, Barjau A (eds) International symposium on musical acoustics (ISMA). Program and Abstracts, Barcelona, 9–12 Sept 2007, pp 40–48. ISBN: 84-934142-0-4. Available via http://www.uniklinik-duesseldorf.de/fileadmin/Datenpool/einrichtungen/phoniatrie_und_paedaudiologie_id495/dateien/paper_barcelona.pdf. Accessed 8 April 2016
  169. Logan GD (1994) On the ability to inhibit thought and action: a users’ guide to the stop signal paradigm. In: Dagenbach D, Carr TH (eds) Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language. Academic, San Diego, pp 189–239Google Scholar
  170. Lohmander A, Borell E, Henningsson G et al (2005) SVANTE- Svenskt artikulations- och Nasalittets Test: Pedagogisk Design. Skivarp, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  171. Loonstra AS, Tarlow AR, Sellers AH (2001) COWAT metanorms across age, education, and gender. Appl Neuropsychol 8(3):161–167PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  172. Lopez C (2016) The vestibular system: balancing more than just the body. Curr Opin Neurol 29(1):74–83PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  173. Luiz D, Barnard A, Knosen N et al (2006) Griffiths Mental Development Scales - extended revised: 2 to 8 years (GMDS-ER 2-8). Administration and Analysis Manual. Available via http://www.hogrefe.co.uk/clinical-and-educational/child-development/gmds-er-2-8.html. Accessed 15 Nov 2016
  174. Maassen BAM, Terband HR (2015) Process-oriented diagnosis of childhood and adult apraxia of speech (CAS and AOS). In: Redford MA (ed) The handbook of speech production, 1st edn. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 331–350Google Scholar
  175. Maassen B, Thoonen G, Boers I (1997) Quantitative assessment of dysarthria and developmental apraxia of speech. In: Hulstijn W et al (eds) Speech production: motor control, brain research and fluency disorders. Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam, pp 611–619Google Scholar
  176. MacWhinney B (1995) The CHILDES project: tools for analyzing talk, 2nd edn. Erlbaum, MahwahGoogle Scholar
  177. Mandelli ML, Caverzasi E, Binney RJ et al (2014) Frontal white matter tracts sustaining speech production in primary progressive aphasia. J Neurosci 34(29):9754–9767PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Manfredi C, Lebacq J, Cantarella G et al (2016) Smartphones offer new opportunities in clinical voice research. J Voice 31(1):111.e1–111.e7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.12.020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Massy-Westropp NM, Gill TK, Taylor AW et al (2011) Hand grip strength: age and gender stratified normative data in a population-based study. BMC Res Notes 4:127.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-127CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  180. Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska M (2017) Neurological evaluation – from newborns to teenagers. In: Steinborn B (ed) Neurology of development age, 1st edn. PZWL, Waszawa, pp 68–84Google Scholar
  181. McCauley RJ, Strand EA (2008) A review of standardized tests of nonverbal oral and speech motor performance in children. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 17(1):81–91PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  182. McGrath LM, Hutaff-Lee C, Scott A et al (2008) Children with comorbid speech sound disorder and specific language impairment are at increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Abnorm Child Psychol 36(2):151–163PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  183. McGregor KK, Waxman SR (1998) Object naming at multiple hierarchical levels: A comparison of preschoolers with and without wordfinding deficits. J Child Lang 25(2):419–430PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  184. McGregor KK, Friedman RM, Reilly RM et al (2002) Semantic representation and naming in young children. Speech Lang Hear Res 45(2):332–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. McGrew KS (2005) The Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory of cognitive abilities: past, present, and future. In: Flanagan DP, Harrison PL (eds) Contemporary intellectual assessment: theories, tests, and issues, 2nd edn. Guilford, New York, pp 136–181Google Scholar
  186. McIntosh B, Dodd B (2011) Toddler Phonology Test (TPT). Pearson Education, LondonGoogle Scholar
  187. McLeod S (2012a) Multilingual children’s speech. Available via http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/. Accessed 28 May 2016
  188. McLeod S (2012b) Summary of 250 cross-linguistic studies of speech acquisition. Available via http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/speech-acquisition. Accessed 28 May 2016
  189. McLeod S (2012c) Multilingual speech assessments. Available via http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/speech-assessments. Accessed 28 May 2016
  190. McLeod S (2015) Intelligibility in context scale: a parent-report screening tool translated into 60 languages. J Clin Pract Speech Lang Pathol 17(1):7–12Google Scholar
  191. McLeod S, Verdon S (2014) A review of 30 speech assessments in 19 languages other than English. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 23(4):708–723PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  192. McLeod S, Harrison LJ, McCormack J (2012a) Intelligibility in context scale. Available via http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/ics. Accessed 4 Sept 2016
  193. McLeod S, Harrison LJ, McCormack J (2012b) Intelligibility in context scale: validity and reliability of a subjective rating measure. J Speech Lang Hear Res 55(2):648–656PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  194. McLeod S, Verdon S, Bowen C (2013) International aspirations for speech-language pathologists’ practice with multilingual children with speech sound disorders: development of a position paper. J Commun Disord 46(4):375–387PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  195. McLeod S, Crowe K, Shahaeian A (2015) Intelligibility in Context Scale: normative and validation data for English-speaking preschoolers. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 46(3):266–276PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  196. Melchers P, Melchers M (2015) Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children-II (deutschsprachige Fassung der Originalversion von Kaufman AS, NL Kaufman (eds)). Pearson Assessment, Frankfurt/MainGoogle Scholar
  197. Menyuk P, Liebergott JW, Schultz MC (1995) Early language development in full-term and premature infants. Erlbaum, HillsdaleGoogle Scholar
  198. Michaelis R (2004) Das Grenzsteinprinzip als Orientierungshilfe für die pädiatrische Entwicklungsbetrachtung. In: Schlack HG (ed) Entwicklungspädiatrie. Marseille, München, pp 123–129Google Scholar
  199. Michelson DJ, Shu SK (2012) Cognitive and motor regression. In: Swaiman KF et al (eds) Pediatric neurology: principles and practice, 5th edn. Mosby Elsevier, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  200. Miller J, Andriacchi K, Nockerts A (2011) Assessing language production using SALT software: a clinician’s guide to language sample analysis. SALT Software LLC, MiddletonGoogle Scholar
  201. Minifie FD, Kelsey CA, Zagzebski JA et al (1971) Ultrasonic scans of the dorsal surface of the tongue. J Acoust Soc Am 49(6):1857–1860PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  202. Montague A (1995) Körperkontakt. Die Bedeutung der Haut für die Entwicklung des Menschen, 8th edn. Klett, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  203. Morgan AT, Liegeois F, Occomore L (2007) Electropalatography treatment for articulation impairment in children with dysarthria post-traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj 21(11):1183–1193PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  204. Morgan AT, Masterton R, Pigdon L et al (2013) Functional magnetic resonance imaging of chronic dysarthric speech after childhood brain injury: reliance on a left-hemisphere compensatory network. Brain 136(2):646–657PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  205. Morgan AT, Bonthrone A, Liégeois FJ (2016) Brain basis of childhood speech and language disorders: are we closer to clinically meaningful MRI markers? Curr Opin Pediatr 28(6):725–730.  https://doi.org/10.1097/mop.0000000000000420CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  206. Mueller KL, Tomblin JB (2012) Examining the comorbidity of language disorders and AD(H)D. Top Lang Disord 32(3):228–246PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Müürsepp I, Aibast H, Pääsuke M (2011) Motor performance and haptic perception in preschool boys with specific impairment of expressive language. Acta Paediatr 100(7):1038–1042PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  208. Namasivayam AK, Pukonen M, Goshulak D et al (2013) Relationship between speech motor control and speech intelligibility in children with speech sound disorders. J Commun Disord 46(3):264–280PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  209. Neumann K, Euler HA (2013) Kann ein Sprachstandsscreening zwischen Sprachförder- und Sprachtherapiebedarf trennen? In: Redder A, Weinert S (eds) Sprachförderung und Sprachdiagnostik - interdisziplinäre Perspektiven. Waxmann, Münster, pp 297–321Google Scholar
  210. Neumann K, Keilmann A, Rosenfeld J et al (2009) Leitlinien der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie zu Sprachentwicklungsstörungen bei Kindern (gekürzte Fassung). Kindh Entwickl 18(4):222–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Neumann K, Holler-Zittlau I, van Minnen S et al (2011) Katzengoldstandards in der Sprachstandserfassung. Sensitivität-Spezifität des Kindersprachscreenings (KiSS). HNO 59(1):97–109PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  212. Neuschaefer-Rube C, Matern G, Ballero Flores V et al (1999) Einsatz des Ultraschalls zur Untersuchung artikulatorischer Zungenbewegungen am Beispiel des spanischen Multivibranten [rr]. Sprachtypol Univ Forsch (STUF) 52(3–4):397–406Google Scholar
  213. New AB, Robin DA, Parkinson AL et al (2015) Altered resting-state network connectivity in stroke patients with and without apraxia of speech. Neuroimage Clin 8:429–439.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.03.013CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  214. NICE (2008) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management of AD(H)D in children, young people and adults. NICE Clinical Guideline 72. Available via www.nice.org.uk/CG72. Accessed 23 Jan 2017
  215. Nicolosi L, Harryman E, Kresheck J (2003) Terminology of communication disorders. Speech-language-hearing, 5th edn. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  216. Novik TS, Hervas A, Ralston SJ et al (2006) Influence of gender on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in Europe - ADORE. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 15(suppl 1):15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Oller KD, Eilers RE, Neal AR et al (1999) Precursors to speech in infancy: the prediction of speech and language disorders. J Commun Disord 32(4):223–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. Panhellenic Association of Logopedists (PAL) [Πanell&nio” Suvllogo”L ogopεdikwvn (ΠSL)] [Panellinios Syllogos Logopedikon] (1995) Dokimasía Φwnntikή” & 8wnologikή” Exέlixn”. Author, AthensGoogle Scholar
  219. Papoušek M, Papoušek H (1989) Stimmliche Kommunikation im frühen Säuglingsalter als Wegbereiter der Sprachentwicklung. In: Keller H (ed) Handbuch der Kleinkindforschung. Huber, Bern, pp 466–489Google Scholar
  220. Parthasarathy V, Stone M, Prince JL (2005) Spatiotemporal visualization of the tongue surface using ultrasound and kriging (SURFACES). Clin Linguist Phon 19(6–7):529–544PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  221. Peña ED, Gutiérrez-Clellen VF, Iglesias A et al (2014) BESA: Bilingual English-Spanish Assessment. AR-Clinical Publications, San RafaelGoogle Scholar
  222. Penner Z (2000) Phonologische Entwicklung. Eine Übersicht. In: Grimm H (ed) Sprachentwicklung. Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Themenbereich C, Serie III, Bd, vol 3. Hogrefe, Göttingen, pp 105–139Google Scholar
  223. Penner Z, Kölliker-Funk M (1998) Therapie und Diagnose von Grammatikerwerbsstörungen. Ein Arbeitsbuch. Edition SZH, LuzernGoogle Scholar
  224. Petermann F, Macha T (2005) Psychologische Tests für Kinderärzte. Hogrefe, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  225. Petermann F, Macha T (2013) Entwicklungstest sechs Monate bis sechs Jahre - Revision (ET 6-6-R). Pearson Assessment, Frankfurt, MainGoogle Scholar
  226. Plante E, Vance R (1994) Selection of preschool language tests: a data-based approach. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 25(1):15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Polanczyk G, de Lima MS, Horta BL et al (2007) The worldwide prevalence of AD(H)D: a systematic review and metaregression analysis. Am J Psychiatry 164(6):942–948PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Poole ML, Brodtmann A, Darby D et al (2017) Motor speech phenotypes of frontotemporal dementia, primary progressive aphasia, and progressive apraxia of speech. J Speech Lang Hear Res 60(4):897–911PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  229. Posner MI, Peterson SE (1990) The attention system of the human brain. Annu Rev Neurosci 13:24–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Powell TW (2008) An integrated evaluation of non-speech oral motor treatments. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 39:422–227PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  231. Purves D, Augustine GJ, Fitzpatrick D et al (eds) (2004) Chapter 8: The somatic sensory system. In: Neuroscience, 3rd edn. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA, pp 189–208Google Scholar
  232. Raven J, Raven JC, Court JH (2004) Manual for Raven’s progressive matrices and vocabulary scales. Updated. Harcourt Assessment, San Antonio, TXGoogle Scholar
  233. Redmond SM (2016) Language impairment in the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder context. J Speech Lang Hear Res 59(1):133–142PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Reichmuth K (2018) Kommunikationsorientierte-sprachspezifische Therapie nach Reichmuth [German]. In: Wachtlin B, Bohnert A (eds) Kindliche Hörstörungen in der Logopädie. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  235. Rescorla L (1989) The language development survey: A screening tool for delayed language in toddlers. J Speech Hear Disord 54(4):587–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Rice ML, Smolik F, Perpich D et al (2010) Mean length of utterance levels in 6-month intervals for children 3 to 9 years with and without language impairments. J Speech Lang Hear Res 53(2):333–349PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Roberts HC, Denison HJ, Martin HJ et al (2011) A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: towards a standardised approach. Age Ageing 40(4):423–429PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  238. Rosenbaum S, Simon S (eds) (2016) Speech and language disorders in children: implications for the social security administration’s supplemental security income program. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The National Academies Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  239. Rothweiler M (1999) Der Erwerb von Nebensätzen im Deutschen. Niemeyer, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  240. Rothweiler M (2002) Spracherwerb. In: Meibauer J et al (eds) Einführung in die Germanistische Linguistik. Metzler, Stuttgart, pp 251–293Google Scholar
  241. Royeen CB, Fortune JC (1990) Touch inventory for elementary-school-aged children. Am J Occup Ther 44(2):155–159PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  242. SALT Software (2014) Computerized language sample analysis. Available via http://www.saltsoftware.com/. Accessed 1 June 2014
  243. Schäfer B, Fox AV (2006) Der Erwerb konsequenter Wortproduktion deutschsprachiger Zweijähriger. Sprache - Stimme - Gehör 30:186–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Schöler H, Scheib K (2004) Desiderate und Thesen zur Diagnostik bei Sprachentwicklungsstörungen [Desiderata and theses for a diagnosis and differential diagnosis of developmental language impairment]. Sprache - Stimme - Gehör 28(1):37–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Schönweiler R (1993) Diagnostik und Therapie kindlicher Sprachstörungen. DMW 118:707–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. Schönweiler R (2004) Mittelohrschwerhörigkeit und Sprachentwicklung: Korrelation. Kausalität und Konsequenzen Laryngo-Rhino-Otologie 83:1–2Google Scholar
  247. Sciberras E, Mueller K, Efron D et al (2014) Language problems in children with AD(H)D: a community-based study. Pediatrics 133(5):793–800PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  248. Shawker TH, Sonies BC (1984) Tongue movement during speech: a real-time ultrasound evaluation. J Clin Ultrasound 12(3):125–133PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  249. Shawker TH, Sonies BC (1985) Ultrasound biofeedback for speech training. Instrumentation and preliminary results. Invest Radiol 20(1):90–93PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  250. Shellikeri S, Green JR, Kulkarni M et al (2016) Speech movement measures as markers of bulbar disease in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Speech Lang Hear Res 59(5):887–899PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. Shimokata H, Kuzuya F (1995) Two-point discrimination test of the skin as an index of sensory aging. Gerontology 41(5):267–272PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  252. Snijders JT, Tellegen PJ, Laros JA (1989) Snijders-Oomen Non-Verbal Intelligence Test: SON-R 5.5-17. Manual and research report. Wolters-Noordhoff, GroningenGoogle Scholar
  253. So LKH, Jing Z (2000) Putonghua Segmental PhonologyTest (PSPT). Nanjing Normal University Press, NanjingGoogle Scholar
  254. Soreni N, Crosbie J, Ickowicz A et al (2009) Stop signal and Conners’ continuous performance tasks. Test-retest reliability of two inhibition measures in AD(H)D children. J Atten Disord 13(2):137–143PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  255. Soriano-Mas C, Pujol J, Ortiz H et al (2009) Age-related brain structural alterations in children with specific language impairment. Hum Brain Mapp 30(5):1626–1636PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  256. Squires J, Twombly E, Bricker D et al (2009) ASQ-3 user’s guide, 3rd edn. Brookes, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  257. Stackhouse J, Wells BW (1997) Children’s speech and literacy difficulties. A Psycholinguistic Model. Whurr, LondonGoogle Scholar
  258. Steinhausen HC, Nøvik TS, Baldursson G et al (2006) Co-existing psychiatric problems in AD(H)D in the ADORE cohort. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 15(suppl 1):i25–i29PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  259. Stepp CE (2012) Surface electromyography for speech and swallowing systems: measurement, analysis, and interpretation. J Speech Lang Hear Res 55(4):1232–1246.  https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2011/11-0214)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  260. Stevenson J, McCann D, Law CM et al (2011) The effect of early confirmation of hearing loss on the behaviour in middle childhood of children with bilateral hearing impairment. Dev Med Child Neurol 53(3):269–274PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  261. Stone M (2005) A guide to analyzing tongue motion from ultrasound images. Clin Linguist Phon 19(6-7):455–501PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  262. Stone M, Lundberg A (1996) Three-dimensional tongue surface shapes of English consonants and vowels. J Acoust Soc Am 99(6):3728–3737PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  263. Stone M, Morrish KA, Sonies BC et al (1987) Tongue curvature: a model of shape during vowel production. Folia Phoniatr 39(6):302–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. Stow C, Pert S (2006) BiSSS: bilingual speech sound screen: Pakistani heritage languages. Speechmark, WinslowGoogle Scholar
  265. Strand EA, McCauley RJ (2008) Differential diagnosis of severe speech impairment in young children. AHSA Leader 13:10–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. von Suchodoletz W (2009) Wie wirksam ist Sprachtherapie? Kindh Entwickl 18(4):213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Suzuki A (2011) Wind instrument tonguing: comparison of tongue shape during performance and speaking. University of Aizu, Graduation Thesis, March 2011. Available via https://clrlab1.u-aizu.ac.jp/libraries/2011-thesis-01.pdf. Accessed 11 April 2016
  268. Svec JG, Granqvist S (2010) Guidelines for selecting microphones for human voice production research. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 19(4):356–368.  https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2010/09-0091)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  269. Svensson P (1990) Ultraljudsobservationer av tungrörlighet hos normala och dysartriska individer under tal och sväljning/Ultrasound observations of tongue movements in normal and dysarthric speakers. Nord Tidskrift Logop Foniatr/Sand J Log Phon 15:5–11Google Scholar
  270. Svensson P (1991) Tongue dynamics during speech and swallowing in laryngectomees - an ultrasound demonstration. Sand J Log Phon 16(1-2):25–28Google Scholar
  271. Swaiman KF (2012) Neurologic examination of the older child. In: Swaiman KF et al (eds) Pediatric neurology. Principles and practice, 5th edn. Mosby Elsevier, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  272. Szagun G, Steinbrink C (2004) Typikalität und Variabilität in der frühkindlichen Sprachentwicklung: Eine Studie mit einem Elternfragebogen. Sprache - Stimme - Gehör 28:137–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. Tannock R, Purvis L, Schachar RJ (1993) Narrative abilities in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal peers. J Abnorm Child Psychol 21(1):103–117PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  274. Taylor E, Döpfner M, Sergeant J et al (2004) European clinical guidelines for hyperkinetic disorder - first upgrade. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13(suppl 1):i7–i30PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  275. Taylor S, McLean B, Falkmer T et al (2016) Does somatosensation change with age in children and adolescents? A systematic review. Child Care Health Dev 42(6):809–824PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  276. Tellegen P, Laros J (1993) The construction and validation of a nonverbal test of intelligence: the revision of the Snijders-Oomen test. Eur J Psychol Assess 9(2):147–157Google Scholar
  277. Tellegen PJ, Laros JA (2005) Fair assessment for children from cultural minorities: a description of the SON-R non-verbal intelligence tests. In: Kopcanová D (ed) Quality education for children from socially disadvantaged settings. Commission of UNESCO, Bratislava, pp 50–73Google Scholar
  278. Tellegen PJ, Winkel M, Wijnberg-Williams BJ et al (1998) Snijders-Oomen Non-Verbal Intelligence Test. SON-R 2.5-7. Manual and research report. Swets Test Publishers, LisseGoogle Scholar
  279. Tellegen PJ, Winkel M, Wijnberg-Williams BJ et al (2009) Snijders-Oomen Non-Verbal Intelligence Test. SON-R 2.5-7. Manual and research report. Hogrefe, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  280. Terband H, Maassen B, van Lieshout P et al (2011) Stability and composition of functional synergies for speech movements in children with developmental speech disorders. J Commun Disord 44(1):59–74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2010.07.003CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  281. The ASEBA Approach (2017) Achenbach system of empirically based assessment ASEBA. Available via https://aseba.org/preschool/. Accessed April 23, 2019
  282. Thoonen G (1998) Developmental apraxia of speech in children. Quantitative assessment of speech characteristics. Dissertation, University of Nijmegen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  283. Thoonen G, Maassen B, Gabreëls F et al (1994) Feature analysis of singleton consonant errors in developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD). J Speech Hear Res 37(6):1424–1440PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  284. Tomasello M (2000) Acquiring syntax is not what you think. In: Bishop DVM, Leonard LB (eds) Speech and language impairments in children: causes, characteristics, intervention and outcome. Psychology Press, Hove, pp 1–16Google Scholar
  285. Topbaş S (2004/2005) Türkçe Sesletim-Sesbilgisi Testi (SST). TC Milli Eğitim Yayınevi, Ankara, p 4. Akşam Sanat Okulu Matbaası. Test BataryasıGoogle Scholar
  286. Trochim WMK (2006) The research methods knowledge base, 2nd edn. Available via http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/. Accessed 23 July 2016
  287. Trochim WMK, Donnelly JP (2007) The research methods knowledge base, 3rd edn. Custom Solutions/Cengage Inc., HoustonGoogle Scholar
  288. Tsanas A, Zañartu M, Little MA et al (2014) Robust fundamental frequency estimation in sustained vowels: detailed algorithmic comparisons and information fusion with adaptive Kalman filtering. J Acoust Soc Am 135(5):2885–2901.  https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4870484CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  289. Tsugawa L (2002) Spanish Preschool Articulation Test: SPAT. Lexicon Press, BillingsGoogle Scholar
  290. Unser M, Stone M (1992) Automated detection of the tongue surface in sequences of ultrasound images. J Acoust Soc Am 91(5):3001–3007PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  291. Urban PP (2013) Speech motor deficits in cerebellar infarctions. Brain Lang 127(3):323–326.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2013.10.001CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  292. Vannorsdall TD, Maroof DA, Gordon B et al (2012) Ideational fluency as a domain of human cognition. Neuropsychology 6(3):400–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. Verhoeven JS, Rommel N, Prodi E et al (2012) Is there a common neuroanatomical substrate of language deficit between autism spectrum disorder and specific language impairment? Cereb Cortex 22(10):2263–2271.  https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhr292CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  294. Vieregge WH, Maassen B (1999) ExtIPA transcriptions of consonants and vowels spoken by dyspractic children: agreement and validity. In: Maassen B, Groenen P (eds) Pathologies of speech and language: advances in clinical phonetics and linguistics. Whurr Publishers, London, pp 275–284Google Scholar
  295. Vogel AP, Fletcher J, Maruff P (2010) Acoustic analysis of the effects of sustained wakefulness on speech. J Acoust Soc Am 128(6):3747–3756.  https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3506349PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  296. Vogel AP, Maruff P (2008) Comparison of voice acquisition methodologies in speech research. Behav Res Methods 40(4):982–987PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  297. Vogel AP, Maruff P (2014) Monitoring change requires a rethink of assessment practices in voice and speech. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 39(2):56–61.  https://doi.org/10.3109/14015439.2013.775332CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  298. Vogel AP, Morgan AT (2009) Factors affecting the quality of sound recording for speech and voice analysis. Int J Speech Lang Pathol 11(6):431–437PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  299. Vogel AP, Fletcher J, Snyder PJ et al (2011) Reliability, stability, and sensitivity to change and impairment in acoustic measures of timing and frequency. J Voice 25(2):137–149.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2009.09.003CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  300. Vogel AP, Shirbin C, Churchyard AJ et al (2012) Speech acoustic markers of early stage and prodromal Huntington’s disease: a marker of disease onset? Neuropsychology 50(14):3273–3278.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.09.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  301. Vogel AP, Rosen KM, Morgan AT et al (2014) Comparability of modern recording devices for speech analysis: smartphone, landline, laptop, and hard disc recorder. Folia Phoniatr Logop 66(6):244–250PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  302. Vogel AP, Wardrop MI, Folker JE et al (2017) Voice in Friedreich ataxia. J Voice 31(2):243.e9–243.e19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.04.015. Epub 2016 Aug 5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  303. Watkin KL, Rubin JM (1989) Pseudo-three-dimensional reconstruction of ultrasonic images of the tongue. J Acoust Soc Am 85(1):496–499PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  304. Wechsler D (2003) The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children, 4th edn. The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TXGoogle Scholar
  305. Wechsler D (2011) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. 4th edn. (WISC-IV, ehemalig HAWIK-IV). Pearson Assessment, Frankfurt/Main (German Version: Petermann F, Petermann U (eds))Google Scholar
  306. Wechsler D (2012) Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence–IV (WPPSI-IV). The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX (German version; Petermann F, Daseking M, 2018) Google Scholar
  307. Wechsler D (2014) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 5th edn (WISC-V). Pearson, Bloomington, MN (German version: Petermann F, 2017)Google Scholar
  308. Wein B (1990) Ein neues Verfahren zur 3D-Rekonstruktion der Zungenoberfläche aus Ultraschallbildern. Ultraschall Med 11(6):306–310PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  309. Wein B, Alzen G, Tolxdorff T et al (1988) Computersonographische Darstellung der Zungenmotilität mittels Pseudo-3D-Rekonstruktion. Ultraschall Med 9(2):95–97PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  310. Wein B, Böckler R, Huber W et al (1990a) Computersonographische Darstellung von Zungenformen bei der Bildung der langen Vokale des Deutschen. Ultraschall Med 11(2):100–103PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  311. Wein B, Drobnitzky M, Klajman S (1990b) Magnetresonanztomographie und Sonographie bei der Lautbildung. Fortschr Röntgenstr 153(10):408–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  312. Wein B, Böckler R, Meixner R et al (1991) Ultraschalluntersuchungen der Zunge bei der Artikulation. Sprachheilarbeit 36:24–27Google Scholar
  313. Wein B, Angerstein W, Klajman S (1993) Suchbewegungen der Zunge bei einer Sprechapraxie: Darstellung mittels Ultraschall und Pseudo-3D-Abbildung. Nervenarzt 64:143–145PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  314. Weinberger S (2015) Speech accent archive. George Mason University. Available via http://accent.gmu.edu. Accessed 28 May 2016
  315. Weinstein S (1968) Neuropsychological studies of the phantom. In: Benton AL (ed) Contributions to clinical neuropsychology. Aldine Publishing, Chicago, pp 73–106Google Scholar
  316. Weissenborn J (2000) Erwerb von Morphologie und Syntax. In: Grimm H (ed) Sprachentwicklung. Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Themenbereich C, Serie III, Bd. 3. Hogrefe, Göttingen, pp 141–169Google Scholar
  317. Willcutt EG (2012) The prevalence of DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review. Neurotherapeutics 9(3):490–499PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. Willcutt EG, Pennington BF, Chhabildas NA et al (1999) Psychiatric comorbidity associated with DSM-IV ADHD in nonreferred sample of twins. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 38(11):1355–1362PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  319. Willcutt EG, Doyle AE, Nigg JT et al (2005) Validity of the executive function theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders: a meta-analytic review. Biol Psychiatry 57(11):1336–1346PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  320. World Health Organization (1993) The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: diagnostic criteria for research. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  321. World Health Organization (2011) International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision, edition 2010. Available via http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/. Accessed 1 June 2014
  322. World Health Organization (WHO) (2007) International classification of disability and functioning. Children and youth version (ICF-CY). Available via http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43737/1/9789241547321_eng.pdf. Accessed 28 May 2016
  323. Yew SGK, O’Kearney R (2013) Emotional and behavioural outcomes later in childhood and adolescence for children with specific language impairments: meta-analyses of controlled prospective studies. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54(5):516–524PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  324. Zafeiriou DI (2004) Primitive reflexes and postural reactions in the neurodevelopmental examination. Pediatr Neurol 31(1):1–8PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  325. Zielke A, Angerstein W, Schwarze S et al (2010) Échographie de la langue et motricité du visage et du cou chez les instrumentistes à vent. Médecine des arts 71:2–10Google Scholar
  326. Zielke A, Muth T, Massing T et al (2012) Zungenbewegungen und Gesichts-Hals-Motorik beim Spielen von Blasinstrumenten. Musikphysiol Musikermed 19(3):189–195Google Scholar
  327. Zimmer R (2012) Handbuch der Sinneswahrnehmung. Herder, Freiburg im BreisgauGoogle Scholar
  328. Zollinger B (2004) Die Entdeckung der Sprache, 6th edn. Haupt Verlag, BernGoogle Scholar
  329. Zolotas K, Bird S (2010) An ultrasound investigation of didgeridoo articulations. Can Acoust 38(3):198–199Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahany AbdelKarim Elsayed
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Angerstein
    • 2
  • María Bielsa Corrochano
    • 3
  • Dirk Deuster
    • 4
  • Andrea Joe Embacher
    • 4
  • Uta Hanning
    • 5
  • Mona Hegazi
    • 6
  • Christiane Kiese-Himmel
    • 7
  • Ben A. M. Maassen
    • 8
    • 9
  • Barbara Maciejewska
    • 10
  • Ana Martínez Arellano
    • 11
  • Peter Matulat
    • 4
  • Katrin Neumann
    • 12
  • Thomas Niederstadt
    • 13
  • Karen Reichmuth
    • 4
  • Jochen Rosenfeld
    • 14
  • Rainer Schönweiler
    • 15
  • Melanie Vauth
    • 4
  • Adam P. Vogel
    • 16
  • Dagmar Weise
    • 17
  1. 1.Speech-Language Pathology and PsychologySalmiyaKuwait
  2. 2.Phoniatrie und PädaudiologieUniv.-Klinikum DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  3. 3.Clinica Foniatria Y Logopedia BielsaTalavera de la ReinaSpain
  4. 4.Clinic of Phoniatrics and PedaudiologyUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany
  5. 5.Department of Neuroradiological Diagnostics and InterventionUniversity Hospital HamburgHamburgGermany
  6. 6.ENT DepartmentAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  7. 7.Phoniatrics/Pediatric Audiological PsychologyUniversity Medical Center GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  8. 8.Center for Language and Cognition Groningen and Department of Neurosciences/BCNUniversity Medical Center Groningen, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  9. 9.Department of Neurosciences/BCNUniversity Medical Center Groningen (UMCG)GroningenThe Netherlands
  10. 10.Department of Phoniatrics and AudiologyPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  11. 11.Clinica Foniatria Y LogopediaPamplonaSpain
  12. 12.Department of Phoniatrics and Pediatric AudiologyENT Clinic, St. Elisabeth Hospital, University of BochumBochumGermany
  13. 13.Department of Clinical RadiologyUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany
  14. 14.Abteilung Gehör-, Sprach- u. StimmheilkundeKantonsspital St.GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland
  15. 15.Department of Phoniatrics and Pediatric AudiologyUniversity Clinic of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus LübeckLübeckGermany
  16. 16.Centre for Neuroscience of SpeechThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  17. 17.Abteilung NeuropädiatrieUniversitätsmedizin GöttingenGöttingenGermany

Personalised recommendations