International Conference on Theory and Application of Diagrams

Diagrams 2014: Diagrammatic Representation and Inference pp 138-145 | Cite as

Alternative Strategies in Processing 3D Objects Diagrams: Static, Animated and Interactive Presentation of a Mental Rotation Test in an Eye Movements Cued Retrospective Study

  • Jean-Michel Boucheix
  • Madeline Chevret
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8578)


Spatial abilities involved in reasoning with diagrams have been assessed using tests supposed to require mental rotation (cube figures of the Vandenberg & Kruse). However, Hegarty (2010) described alternative strategies: Mental rotation is not always used; analytical strategies can be used instead. In this study, we compared three groups of participants in three external formats of presentation of the referent figure in the Vandenberg & Kruse test: static, animated, interactive. During the test, participants were eye tracked. After the test, they were interrogated on their strategies for each item during the viewing of the replay of their own eye movement in a cued retrospective verbal protocol session. Results showed participants used varied strategies, part of them similar to those shown by Hegarty. Presentation format influenced significantly the strategy. Participants with high performance at the test used more mental rotation. Participants with lower performance tended to use more analytical strategies than mental rotation.


Mental rotation Strategy Presentation formats Eye movements 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Michel Boucheix
    • 1
  • Madeline Chevret
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Burgundy, LEAD-CNRSDijonFrance

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