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Ätiologie und Epidemiologie der Rickettsiosen des Menschen

  • F. Weyer
Conference paper
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 32)

Zusammenfassung

In der Rickettsienforschung zeichnen sich deutlich drei Perioden besonders intensiver und fruchtbarer Arbeit ab, die auf wichtige Einzelbeobachtungen oder ganz bestimmte Fortschritte unserer Kenntnisse zurückgehen. Die erste Periode wird durch die Entdeckung der Erreger des Felsengebirgs- und des klassischen Fleckfiebers eingeleitet, an welcher Ricketts (1), (2), Nicolle, Conor und Conseil, ferner da Rocha Lima sowie Wolbach entscheidenden Anteil hatten. Ein zweiter Impuls ist mit der Abgrenzung des murinen vom klassischen Fleckfieber [Neill; Mooser (1)], dem sicheren Nachweis der Erreger in Warmblütern [Maxcy (1), (2), Mooser (1), Wohlrab] und mit der Züchtung von Rickettsien in der Gewebekultur (Nigg und Landsteiner) gegeben. Die dritte Forschungsperiode wird gekennzeichnet durch die Entdeckung des Q-Fiebers [Derrick (1); Burnet und Freeman; Davis und Cox], die Entwicklung von Verfahren zur Gewinnung größerer Rickettsienmengen aus dem Dottersack des Hühnereies [Cox (1); Otto und Wohlrab] und durch grundlegende Fortschritte in der serologischen Diagnostik, in der Therapie und Prophylaxe der Rickettsiosen, an welchen besonders amerikanische Forscher hervorragenden Anteil hatten.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Weyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Schiffs- und TropenkrankheitenHamburgDeutschland

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