The Dissemination and Use of Educational R & D in the United States: An Analysis of Recent Federal Attempts to Improve Educational Practice

  • Michael B. Kane
  • A. Thel Kocher
Conference paper
Part of the Institut für Höhere Studien — Institute for Advanced Studies IHS-Studies book series (INHSIAS)


The people of the United States expect a great deal from their schools but high expectations in the face of rising costs and increasing educational problems have led over the past two decades to substantial public disenchantment with our educational system. And, as no easy solutions to immediate problems emerged from research, faith in it too waned, especially among practicing educators. Despite the creation, in 1972, of the National Institute of Education (NIE) as a separate Federal agency for educational R&D, Federal support for such R&D, when measured in real dollars, has actually declined since 1968 [NIE, 1976].


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bennis, W., K. Benne, and R. Chin (eds.): The Planning of Change. New York 1969.Google Scholar
  2. Berman, P.: Testimony to the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education, Committee on Education and Labor U.S. House of Representatives. Santa Monica 1977.Google Scholar
  3. Bhoia, H.: The Configuration Theory of Innovation Diffusion. Ohio State University, School of Education, Columbus, OH, 1965.Google Scholar
  4. Emrick, J., and S. Peterson: A Synthesis of Findings Across Five Recent Studies in Educational Dissemination and Change. San Francisco 1978,Google Scholar
  5. Havelock, R.: Planning for Innovation through Dissemination and Utüization of Knowledge. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 1969.Google Scholar
  6. Havelock, R., et al.: R&D Utilization Strategies and Functions: An Analytical Comparison of Four Systems. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 1973.Google Scholar
  7. Lippitt, R., J. Watson, and B. Westley: The Dynamics of Planned Change. New York 1958. National Institute of Education (NIE): 1976 Databook: The Status of Education Research and Development in the United States. Washington, D.C., 1976.Google Scholar
  8. Lippitt, R.: Research and Development Centers and Regional Laboratories: Strengthening and Stabilizing a National Resource. Washington, D.C., 1979.Google Scholar
  9. Paul, D.: Change Processes at the Elementary, Secondary, and Post-Secondary Levels of Education. Linking Processes in Educational Improvement. Ed. by N. Nash and J. Culbertson. University Council for Educational Administration, Columbus, OH, 1977.Google Scholar
  10. Raizen, S.: Dissemination Programs at the National Institute of Education, Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utüization 1, 1979, 259–292.Google Scholar
  11. Rogers, E.: Diffusion of Innovations. New York 1962.Google Scholar
  12. Rogers, E., and F. Shoemaker: Communication of Innovations: A Cross-Cultural Approach. New York 1971.Google Scholar
  13. Sieber, S.: Trends in Diffusion Research: Knowledge Utilization. View Points 50, 1974, 61–81.Google Scholar
  14. Watson, G.: Concepts for Social Change. Washington 1967.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael B. Kane
    • 1
  • A. Thel Kocher
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Health, Education and WelfareNational Institute of EducationUSA

Personalised recommendations