Higher demands are needed on quality and performance of bituminous surfacing, arising from the continuous increase of the traffic intensity and load effects from the traffic circulations. Not only these influences, but also the resistance against the superficial effects of vehicles as well the climate, the use of salts in winter and pneumatic spikes against the icy roads are of a great importance.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Hraiki
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lebanese National Council for Scientific ResearchBeirutLibanon
  2. 2.Praha 3, VinohradyCSR

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