Strains in soils are predominantly non-recoverable and it is therefore appropriate to look towards plastic theory to provide a description of stress strain behaviour. A condition favourable to this approach involving a stress-strain law relating stress to strain increment for granular (non-cohesive) soils was illustrated by Roscoe, Basset, and Cole (1967). They demonstrated in simple shear tests with monotonically increasing loads on Leighton Buzzard sand that the principal axes of strain increment coincided closely with the principal axes of stress over all but the initial (low stress) stages of the tests.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1).
    Barden, L., A. J. Kayatt, and A. Wightman, Canad. Geotech. J. 6, 227–240 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2).
    Cornforth, D. H., Geotechnique 14, 143–167 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3).
    Drucker, D. C., Trans. ASME Jour. App. Mech., pp. 101-106 (1959).Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    Hansen, J. B., Proc. Conf. Earth Press. Probs. Brussels 1, 39–48 (1958).Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    James, R. G. and P. L. Bransby, Geotechnique 20, 17–37(1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6).
    Khataniar, B. C., An experimental investigation of assumptions made in the interpretation of triaxial test data. Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirement for M. Sc. University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (Scotland).Google Scholar
  7. 7).
    Khayatt, A. J., Segme incremental stress strain relations for sand. Ph. D. thesis University of Manchester, Manchester (England) (1967).Google Scholar
  8. 8).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M., Proc. IVth Conf. Soil Mech. and Found. Eng. 1, 172–178 (1957).Google Scholar
  9. 9).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M., Proc. Vth Int. Conf. Soil Mech. and Found. Eng. 3, 131–133 (1961).Google Scholar
  10. 10).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M., Civil Engineering Department Internal report No. SM 70/01 (April 1970), University of Strathclyde.Google Scholar
  11. 11).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M. and D.J. Belshaw, Geotechnique 18, 336–350 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M. and J. S. Younger, Proc. ASCE vol.96 SM 5, pp. 1683–1695 (1970).Google Scholar
  13. 13).
    Kirkpatrick, W. M. and J. S. Younger, Proc. 1st Aust. New Zeal. Conf. Geomechanics Melbourne (1971).Google Scholar
  14. 14).
    Rowe, P. W., Proc. Royal Soc. Serial A 269, 500 to 527 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15).
    Rowe, P. W. and L. Barden, Proc. ASCE 90 SMI, 1–27(1964).Google Scholar
  16. 16).
    Roscoe, K. H., R. H. Basset, and E. R. L. Cole, Proc. Geotech. Conf. Oslo 1, 231–237 (1967).Google Scholar
  17. 17).
    Kirkpatrick M. W., R. K. Seals, and B. Newman, Proc ASCE, vol. 100, SMI.Google Scholar
  18. 18).
    Tong, P., Private communication to author (1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. M. Kirkpatrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations