Advertisement

Theory of Superconductivity

  • J. Bardeen
Chapter
Part of the Encyclopedia of Physics / Handbuch der Physik book series (HDBPHYS, volume 3 / 14)

Abstract

Although superconductivity falls into the domain where one would expect ordinary non-relativistic quantum mechanics to be valid, it has proved to be extremely difficult to obtain an adequate theoretical explanation of this remarkable phenomenon. In spite of the large amount of excellent experimental and theoretical work devoted to the problem, there remain major unsettled questions. However, the area in which the answers are to be found has been narrowed considerably. There are very strong indications, if not quite a proof, that superconductivity is essentially an extreme case of diamagnetism rather than a limit of infinite conductivity. The isotope effect indicates that the superconducting phase arises from interactions between electrons and lattice vibrations.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

General references

  1. [1]
    Bardeen, J.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 23, 261 (1951). A review of attempts which have been made to calculate electron-phonon interaction energies for application to superconductivity.ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bardeen, J., and D. Pines: Phys. Rev. 99, 1140 (1955). Formulation of the electron-phonon interaction problem, including effects of Coulomb interactions.ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Burton, E. F., and others; The Phenomenon of Superconductivity. Toronto 1934.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Fröhlich, H.: Phys. Rev. 79, 845 (1950). The basic paper of Fröhlich’s theory.ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ginsburg, W. L.: Fortschr. Phys. 1, 101 (1953). A review of theories of superconductivity, with consideration of the spectrum of elementary excitations. Good bibliography, particularly of work done in USSR.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ginsburg, W. L., and L. D. Landau: Ž. eksper. teor. Fiz. 20, 1064 (1950). An extension of the London phenomenological theory to take into account a space variation of the order parameter.Google Scholar
  7. Ginsburg, W. L.: Nuovo Cim., Ser. II 2, 1234 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [7]
    Gorter, C. J. (editor): Progress in Low Temperature Physics, vol. I. New York 1955.Google Scholar
  9. [8]
    Gorter, C. J., and H. B. G. Casimir: Phys. Z. 35, 963 (1934).Google Scholar
  10. [8a]
    Gorter, C. J., and H. B. G. Casimir: Z. techn. Phys. 15, 539 (1934).Google Scholar
  11. [8b]
    Gorter, C. J., and H. B. G. Casimir: Physica, Haag 1, 306 (1934). Thermodynamic relations and the two-fluid model.ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. [9]
    Heisenberg, W.: Two Lectures, Cambridge, 1948. One of the lectures is a review of the Heisenberg-Koppe theory.Google Scholar
  13. [10]
    Koppe, H.: Fortschr. Phys. 1, 420 (1954). A review of the phenomenological theory.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. [11]
    Koppe, H.: Ergebn. exakt. Naturw. 23, 283 (1950). A review, based in large part on the Heisenberg-Koppe theory.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [12]
    Klein, O.: Ark. Mat., Astronom. Fys. Ser. A 31, No. 12 (1944).Google Scholar
  16. [12a]
    Klein O., and J. Lindhard: Rev. Mod. Phys. 17, 305 (1945). Calculation of diamagnetic properties of an electron gas with applications to superconductivity.ADSCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. [13]
    Landau, L. D.: Phys. Z. Sowjet 11, 129 (1937). Unbranched model of intermediate state.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  18. [14]
    London, F.: Une conception nouvelle de la supraconductibilité. Paris 1937. Review of phenomenological theory.Google Scholar
  19. [15]
    London, F.: Superfluids, vol. I. New York 1950. Macroscopic theory of superconductivity. A basic source for the present article.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. [16]
    London, H., and F. London: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., Ser. A 149, 71 (1935).ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. [16a]
    London, H., and F. London: Physica, Haag 2, 341 (1935). Basic papers of the London phenomenological theory.ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  22. [17]
    Meissner, W.: Ergebn. exakt. Naturw. 11, 219 (1932).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [18]
    Meissner, W.: Handbuch der Experimentalphysik, vol. 11 (pt. 2), 204 (1935).Google Scholar
  24. [19]
    Mendelssohn, K.: Rep. Progr. Phys. 12, 270 (1949).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [20]
    Pippard, A. B.: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., Ser. A 216, 547 (1953). Basis for Pippard’s non-local phenomenological theory.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [21]
    Pippard, A. B.: Adv. Electronics a. Electron Physics 6, 1–45 (1954).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [22]
    Serin, B.: Superconductivity, Experimental Part, in this volume.Google Scholar
  28. [23]
    Shoenberg, D.: Superconductivity, 2nd Ed. Cambridge 1952. An excellent introduction to the subject, with a very complete bibliography.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  29. [24]
    Shoenberg, D.: Nuovo Cim. 10, 459 (1953). A review of work on superconductivity in the USSR.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  30. [25]
    Laue, M. von: Theorie der Supraleitung, 2. Aufl. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg 1949. English translation by L. Meyer and W. Band, New York, 1952. A very complete account of the phenomenological theory.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar

Conference Proceedings (since 1949)

  1. [26]
    1949. International Conference on Low Temperatures, M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  2. [27]
    1951. Low Temperature Symposium, National Bureau of Standards, Circular 519, Washington, 1952.Google Scholar
  3. [28]
    1951. Oxford Conference on Low Temperatures.Google Scholar
  4. [29]
    1953. Lorentz-Kamerlingh Onnes Conference, Physica, Haag 19, No. 9 (Sept. 1953). Short papers followed by discussions.Google Scholar
  5. [30]
    1953. International Conference on Theoretical Physics, Kyoto and Tokyo, 1954.Google Scholar
  6. [31]
    1953. International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Houston, Texas.Google Scholar
  7. [32]
    1955. Ninth Congress of the International Institute of Refrigeration, Paris.Google Scholar
  8. [33]
    1955. Conference on Low Temperature Physics and Chemistry, Baton Rouge, La. USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bardeen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations