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Zusammenfassung

Das Problem der Gut- und Bösartigkeit von Tumoren gehört nach Ursprung und Bedeutung der praktischen Medizin an. Die klinische Empirie sammelte im Verlauf von Jahrhunderten ein gewaltiges Anschauungsgut über Wucherungsprozesse (Proliferationen) verschiedenster Art und ihre Bedeutung für den menschlichen Körper. Naturgemäß gelang es ihr jedoch nicht, in der großen Gruppe dieser Prozesse reparative, entzündliche und neoplastische Vorgänge auseinanderzuhalten. Hier mußte die Morphologie, d.h. die deskriptive Pathologie, einspringen. Im Anschluß an die Begründung der Cellularpathologis wurde im Verlauf eines runden Jahrhunderts die pathologisch-histologische Analyse der Wucherungsprozesse durchgeführt. Dabei konnte im großen und ganzen die Abgrenzung der echten Tumoren von den teilweise sehr ähnlichen nicht neoplastischen Veränderungen vollzogen werden. Restlos abgeschlossen ist jedoch der Auftrag auch heute noch nicht — denken wir etwa an die Retikulosen.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1967

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  • P. Sträuli

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