Synergetik: Nichtgleichgewichte, Phasenübergänge und Selbstorganisation

  • Hermann Haken


The formation of ordered structures seems to contradict fundamental principles of physics according to which disorder should ever increase. Synergetics deals with the question how in spite of these laws structures can arise. We shall give a number of explicit examples. Large classes of ordered states in open systems are determined by a new principle based on the growth rates of collective configurations. In contrast, concepts such as entropy or entropy production are inadequate to treat such phenomena.


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  1. 1.
    Haken, H.: Synergetics. An Introduction. Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1978. Vgl auch Naturwissenschaften 67, 121 (1980)Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für theoretische Physik der UniversitätStuttgartDeutschland

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