Advertisement

Introduction

  • Wolfgang Finkelnburg
Chapter

Abstract

In this book the structure of matter is presented in a very broad sense. It deals with our knowledge of the structure of matter, its constituent elementary particles, their properties and reactions. It attempts to understand the immense number of observed phenomena of our physical world in a unified way, and this with as small a number as possible of elementary particles, of general basic laws, and of fundamental constants. This science of the “atomistic” structure of nuclei, atoms, molecules, and crystals, though it has its roots in the last century, is the result of our twentieth-century physics. The beginning of this century is highlighted by Planck’s discovery of the elementary quantum of action h and by the realization of its universal importance. This led to the development of quantum theory which provided the key to the understanding of all phenomena of atomic physics. A large percentage of all basic physics research of our century is in some way concerned with problems of the structure of matter.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

Theory

  1. Schaefer, CL.: Quantentheorie. Vol. Iii/2 of „Einführung in die theoretische Physik“. 3rd. Ed. Leipzig: W. de Gruyter 1951.Google Scholar
  2. Sommerfeld, A.: Atombau und Spektrallinien. 2 vols. 7th and 8th Eds. Braunschweig: Vieweg 1949.Google Scholar
  3. Weizel, W.: Struktur der Materie. Vol. II of „Lehrbuch der Theoretischen Physik“. 2nd Ed. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1959.Google Scholar

General Presentations

  1. Leighton, R. B.: Principles of Modern Physics. New York: McGraw-Hill 1959.Google Scholar
  2. Rice, F. O., and E. Teller: The Structure of Matter. New York: Wiley and Sons 1949.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Richtmyer, K. F., E. H. Kennard and T. Lauritsen: Introduction to Modern Physics. 5th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill 1955.Google Scholar
  4. Slater, J. C.: Quantum Theory of Matter. New York: McGraw-Hill 1951.zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Applications to Astrophysics

  1. Chandrasekhar, S.: Principles of Stellar Dynamics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 1943.Google Scholar
  2. Jordan, P.: Die Herkunft der Sterne. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft 1947.Google Scholar
  3. Rosseland, S.: Astrophysik auf atomtheoretischer Grundlage. Berlin: Springer 1930. Improved English edition: Oxford 1936.Google Scholar
  4. Unsöld, A.: Physik der Sternatmosphären. 2nd Ed. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1956.Google Scholar

Applications to Biology

  1. Dessauer, F.: Quantenbiologie. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1954.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Jordan, P.: Physik und das Geheimnis des organischen Lebens. 6th Ed. Braunschweig: Vieweg 1949.Google Scholar

Philosophical Consequences

  1. Bavink, B.: Ergebnisse und Probleme der Naturwissenschaften. 8th Ed. Stuttgart: Hirzel 1948.Google Scholar
  2. Eddington, A. S.: Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften. Bern: Franke 1949.Google Scholar
  3. Heisenberg, W.: Wandlungen in den Grundlagen der Naturwissenschaft. 8th Ed. Stuttgart: Hirzel 1948.Google Scholar
  4. Jeans, J. H.: Physik und Philosophie. Zürich: Rascher 1944.Google Scholar
  5. Jordan, P.: Die Physik des 20. Jahrhunderts. 8th Ed. Braunschweig: Vieweg 1949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. March, A.: Natur und Naturerkenntnis. Wien: Springer 1948.Google Scholar
  7. Margenau, H.: The Nature of Physical Reality. New York: McGraw-Hill 1950.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Planck, M.: Wege zur Physikalischen Erkenntnis. 5th Ed. Stuttgart: Hirzel 1948.Google Scholar
  9. Weizsäcker, C. F. v.: Zum Weltbild der Physik. 6th Ed. Stuttgart: Hirzel 1954.Google Scholar
  10. Weyl, H.: Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. Princeton: University Press 1949.zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Finkelnburg
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

Personalised recommendations