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Polyacetylenes with Substituents: Their Synthesis and Properties

  • Toshio Masuda
  • Toshinobu Higashimura
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 81)

Abstract

This review deals with recent advances in the synthesis, characterization, and function of poly-acetylenes with substituents (substituted polyacetylenes). The main features are as follows: A number of catalysts based on group 5 and 6 transition metals (Nb, Ta, Mo, W) have been exploited which polymerize substituted acetylenes, especially sterically crowded ones. By using these catalysts, new substituted polyacetylenes [—(—CR=CR′—)n—] with molecular weight up to one million have been synthesizedfrom various monomers; e.g., HC≡C—t—Bu, MeC≡C—n—C5H11, MeC≡CPh, ClC≡CPh, and McC≡CSiMe3. Unlike polyacetylene, these substituted polyacetylenes are generally colorless (or light yellow), soluble, amorphous, air-stable, electrically insulating, and non-paramagnetic. Some of these polymers have been found to be useful as membranes for separation of gases and liquids, thus constituting a new category of speciality polymers.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshio Masuda
    • 1
  • Toshinobu Higashimura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyoto 606Japan

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