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Development of an Energy—Emission Model Using Fuzzy Sets

  • Carsten Oder
  • Otto Rentz
Conference paper

Abstract

Planning tools for the cost-efficient planning of energy supply for a whole country are widely used all over the world. Since the beginning of the 80th, these tools have been modified to allow also for a calculation of emissions related with energy supply. On the basis of these planning systems, strategies for cost-efficient emission reduction have been elaborated for many western countries (see Rentz (1990)). The model structure of those tools usually is a multiperiod linear optimization program, using the minimization of the total discounted costs of energy supply and emission reduction as a cost function. The models are driven by an exogenously given demand of final or useful energy in consecutive periods. The maximum allowed emissions E i for i ∈ {S02, NO x , CO2} in one period are also set exogenously as constraints (e i E i ) by the decision maker (DM), who is using the model.

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References

  1. Rentz, O., et al. (1990) Optimal Control Strategies for Reducing Emissions from Energy Conversion and Energy Use in all Countries of the European Community, in: KfK-PEF Schriftenreihe Nr. 72.Google Scholar
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  3. Slowinski, R. (1986) A Multicriteria Fuzzy Linear Programming Method, in: Fuzzy Sets and Systems 19, pp. 217–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Voort, van der E., et al. (1984) Energy Supply Modelling Package EFOM-12C Mark I, Mathematical Description, Cabay, Belgien.Google Scholar
  5. Zimmermann, H.-J. (1978) Fuzzy Programming, in: Fuzzy Sets and Systems 1, pp. 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carsten Oder
    • 1
  • Otto Rentz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Industrial ProductionUniversity of Karlsruhe Hertzstraße 16Karlsruhe 21Germany

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