Advertisement

Niob pp 1-88 | Cite as

System Niob—Lithium—Sauerstoff

  • Herbert Lehl
Chapter
Part of the Nb. Niob. Niobium (System-Nr. 49) book series (GMELIN, volume N-b / B / 4)

Zusammenfassung

Beim 24stündigen Glühen von Mischungen aus metallischem Nb und Li2O bei 871°C im H2-Strom entstehen nach röntgenographischen Untersuchungen 6 verschiedene Phasen, die mit den im System NbO2—Li2O auftretenden identisch sind. Diese Phasen entsprechen jedoch keinem Gleichgewichtszustand und nur eine, nämlich Li4Nb3O8 ( = 2 Li2O · 3 NbO2) kann einer definierten Zusammensetzung zugeordnet werden. Unter gleichen Reaktionsbedingungen wird bei Mischungen von metallischem Li und NbO nur die Reduktion des NbO zu Nb beobachtet. Gemische von NbO und Li2O zeigen unter diesen Bedingungen bis auf eine zusätzliche (nicht näher identifizierte) Phase die gleichen Reaktionsprodukte wie die im Konzentrationsbereich von 10 bis 90 Mol-% geglühten Mischungen von NbO2 und Li2O (Netzebenenabstände und relative Intensitäten der Röntgen-Pulverdiagramme der gefundenen Phasen s. Original), Fornwalt [1]. Bei 100stündiger Reaktion von anoxydiertem metallischem Nb mit metallischem Li bei 816°C bildet sich eine Phase unbekannter Zusammensetzung, die nach röntgenographischen Untersuchungen hexagonal mit den ungefähren Gitterkonstanten a = 7.49 und c = 7.97 Å ist. Zur Berechnung des thermodynamischen Gleichgewichtes 0 (gelöst in Nb) ⇌ (gelöst in Li) bei 500 und 800°C s. Original, Di Stefano [2].

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. [1]
    D. E. Fornwalt.: TIM-696 1961 1–7; C.A. 61 1964 11411.Google Scholar
  2. D. E. Fornwalt.: TIM-696 1961 1–7; C.A. 61 1964 11411.Google Scholar
  3. [2]
    J. R. Di Stefano.: ORNL-3551 1964 1–83, 5, 37; C.A. 60 1964 12976.Google Scholar
  4. [3]
    E. I. Krylov.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 104 1955 246–8; C.A. 1956 9814.Google Scholar
  5. [4]
    E. I. Krylov.: lzv. Vysshikh Uchebn. Zavedenii Khim. i Khim. Tekhnol. 4 1961 889–91; C.A. 57 1962 524.Google Scholar
  6. 5 E. I. Krylov, A. A. Sharnin.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 25 1955 1680–5; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 25 1955 1637–40.Google Scholar
  7. [6]
    A. V. Lapitskii, E. P. Artamonova.: Zh. Neorgan. Khim. 2 1957 820–5; Russ. J. lnorg. Chem. 2 Nr. 4 1957 169–78, 170.Google Scholar
  8. [7]
    D. P. Den Os.: Proefschr. Leiden 1962, S. 1–41, 14, 21.Google Scholar
  9. [1]
    A. Reisman, F. Holtzberg.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 1958 6503–7.Google Scholar
  10. [2]
    C. D. Whiston, A. J. Smith.: Acta Cryst. 19 1965 169–73.Google Scholar
  11. [3]
    R. Norín, B. Nolander.: Acta Chem. Scand. 25 1971 741–3.Google Scholar
  12. [4]
    M. Lundberg.: Acta Chem. Scand. 25 1971 3337–46, 3337.Google Scholar
  13. [5]
    J. R. Carruthers, G. E. Peterson, M. Grasso, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 1846–51.Google Scholar
  14. [6]
    G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Solid State Chem. 1 1969 98–9.Google Scholar
  15. [7]
    P. Lerner, C. Legran, J. P. Dumas.: J. Cryst. Growth 3–4 1968 231–5.Google Scholar
  16. [8]
    J.-C. Grenier, C. Martin, A. Durif.: Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 87 1964 316–20.Google Scholar
  17. [9]
    A. I. Manakov, O. A. Esin, B. M. Lepinskikh.: Zh. Neorgan. Khim. 7 1962 2220–5; Russ. J. lnorg. Chem. 7 1962 1149–52.Google Scholar
  18. [1]
    R. Norin, B. Nolander.: Acta Chem. Scand. 25 1971 741–3.Google Scholar
  19. [2]
    C. D. Whiston, A. J. Smith.: Acta Cryst. 19 1965 169–73.Google Scholar
  20. [3]
    M. Lundberg.: Acta Chem. Scand. 25 1971 3337–46.Google Scholar
  21. [1]
    D. P. Den Os.: Proefschr. Leiden 1962, S. 1–41, 21.Google Scholar
  22. [2]
    J.-C. Grenier, C. Martin, A. Durif.: Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 87 1964 316–20.Google Scholar
  23. [3]
    C. D. Whiston, A. J. Smith.: Acta Cryst. 19 1965 169–73.Google Scholar
  24. [4]
    P. Süe.: Ann. Chim. Paris 11 7 1937 493–592, 514.Google Scholar
  25. [5]
    R. P. Tsivilev, S. A. Fedulov, N. F. Nezamaeva.: Izv.Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 6 1970 1539–40; Inorg. Materials USSR 6 1970 1358–9.Google Scholar
  26. [6]
    G. P. Budova, N. K. Voskresenskaya.: Zh. Neorgan. Khim. 11 1966 1201–5; Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 11 1966 642–4.Google Scholar
  27. [7]
    A. V. Lapitskii, L. N. Shishkina, M. A. Pchelkina, B. A. Stepanov.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 25 1955 1862–6; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 25 1955 1805–9.Google Scholar
  28. [8]
    A. V. Lapitskii.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 22 1952 38–41; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 22 1952 41–5.Google Scholar
  29. [9]
    CIBA A.-G., G. Dändliker.: D.P. 1 257125 1964–68; Neth. Appl. 6407318 1963–64; C.A. 62 1965 14218.Google Scholar
  30. [1]
    E. H. Turner, F. R. Nash, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 5278–81.Google Scholar
  31. [2]
    J. E. Midwinter.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3033–8.Google Scholar
  32. [3]
    S. A. Bol’shakov, V. P. Klyuev, N. N. Lyapushkin, A. P. Lyubimov, S. A. Fedulov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 969–71; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 824–6.Google Scholar
  33. [4]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 983–8.Google Scholar
  34. [5]
    J. R. Carruthers, G. E. Peterson, M. Grasso, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 1846–51.Google Scholar
  35. [6]
    R. L. Byer, J. F. Young, R. S. Feigelson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2320–5.Google Scholar
  36. [7]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuz’minov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  37. [8]
    Yu. S. Kuz’minov, A. P. Tikhonov, R. A. Sakaev.: Tr. Vses. Nauchn. Issled. Inst. Khim. Reaktivov i. Osobo Chist. Khim. Veshchestv Nr. 29 1966 251–6; C. A. 68 1968 Nr. 7102.Google Scholar
  38. [9]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27, 319.Google Scholar
  39. [10]
    CIBA Ltd..: F.P. 1 546324 1966–68; C. A. 71 1969 Nr. 117463.Google Scholar
  40. [11]
    H. T. Parfitt, D. S. Robertson.: Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18 1967 1709–13.Google Scholar
  41. [12]
    K. Nassau, H.J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 989–91.Google Scholar
  42. [13]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein.: Appt. Phys. Letters 7 1965 69–70.Google Scholar
  43. [14]
    K. Nassau.: Proc. Intern. Meeting Ferroelec., Prague 1966, Bd. 1, S. 270–6, 272–3.Google Scholar
  44. [15]
    Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc., H. J. Levinstein, K. Nassau.: U.S.P. 3346344 1965–67; C. A. 68 1968 Nr. 16853.Google Scholar
  45. [16]
    Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc., G. M. Loiacono, K. Nassau.: U.S.P. 3418086 1966–68; C. A. 71 1969 Nr. 7606.Google Scholar
  46. [17]
    Western Electric Corp. Inc..: Neth. Appl. 6607871 1966–67; C. A. 67 1967 Nr. 6554.Google Scholar
  47. [18]
    A. A. Ballman.: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48 1965 112–3.Google Scholar
  48. [19]
    S. A. Fedulov, Z. I. Shapiro, P. B. Ladyzhinskii.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 268–70; Soviet Phys.Cryst. 10 1965 218–20.Google Scholar
  49. [1]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 983–8.Google Scholar
  50. [2]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  51. [1]
    A. Reisman, F. Holtzberg.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 1958 6503–7.Google Scholar
  52. [2]
    S. A. Fedulov, Z. I. Shapiro, P. B. Ladyzhinskii.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 268–70; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 218–20.Google Scholar
  53. [3]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  54. [4]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuz’minov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  55. [5]
    Yu. S. Kuz’minov, A. P. Tikhonov, R. A. Sakaev.: Tr. Vses. Nauchn. Issled. Inst. Khim. Reaktivov i Osobo Chist. Khim. Veshchestv Nr. 29 1966 251–6; C. A. 68 1968 Nr. 7102.Google Scholar
  56. [6]
    H. J. Levinstein, A. A. Ballman, R. T. Denton, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 3101–2.Google Scholar
  57. [7]
    R. L. Byer, J. F. Young, R. S. Feigelson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2320–5.Google Scholar
  58. [8]
    V. L. Farshtendiner, R. M. Tolchinskaya, V. P. Klyuev, B. A. Baranov, N. B. Angert.: UdSSR P. 280450 1968–70; C. A. 74 1971 Nr. 80823.Google Scholar
  59. [9]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 992–3.Google Scholar
  60. [10]
    Western Electric Corp. Inc..: Neth. Appl. 6609451 1966–67; C. A. 67 1967 Nr. 27250.Google Scholar
  61. [1]
    D. Beecham.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 4357–61.Google Scholar
  62. [2]
    International Business Machines Corp., J. P. Anderson.: F.P. 2010860 1968–70; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 70160.Google Scholar
  63. [1]
    G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Solid State Chem. 1 1969 98–9.Google Scholar
  64. [2]
    V. L. Bogdanov, V. V. Lemanov, V. P. Klyuev, S. A. Fedulov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1118–23; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 886–90.Google Scholar
  65. [3]
    Z. I. Shapiro, A. I. Baliner, M. Z. Partashnikova.: Tr. Vses. Nauchn. Issled. Inst. Khim. Reaktivov i Osobo Chist. Khim. Veshchestv Nr. 31 1969 56–62 nach C. A. 75 1971 Nr. 136743.Google Scholar
  66. [4]
    L. I. Ivleva, Yu. S. Kuz’minov.: Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1971 Nr. 5, S. 56–61; C. A. 76 1972 Nr. 91 205.Google Scholar
  67. [5]
    H. Tsuya, Y. Fujino.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 10 1971 1509–12.Google Scholar
  68. [6]
    F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2564–76, 2565–72.Google Scholar
  69. [1]
    V. M. Goldschmidt, W. H. Zachariasen.: Skrifter Norske Videnskaps-Akad. Oslo I Nat. Naturv. KI. 1926 Nr. 8, S. 1–156, 150, 1928 Nr. 4, S. 1–165, 113, 165.Google Scholar
  70. [2]
    B. T. Matthias, J. P. Remeika.: Phys. Rev. 2 76 1949 1886–7.Google Scholar
  71. [3]
    H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. 7 1954 187–94, 191–2.Google Scholar
  72. [4]
    H. D. Megaw.: cta Cryst. A 24 1968 583–8.Google Scholar
  73. [1]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  74. [2]
    J. G. Bergman, A. Ashkin, A. A. Ballman, J. M. Dziedzic, H. J. Levinstein, R. G. Smith.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 92–4.Google Scholar
  75. [3]
    J. R. Carruthers, G. E. Peterson, M. Grasso, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 1846–51.Google Scholar
  76. [4]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1024–5.Google Scholar
  77. [5]
    I. G. Ismailzade, V. I. Nesterenko, F. A. Mirishli.: Kristallografiya 13 1968 33–7; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 13 1968 25–8.Google Scholar
  78. [6]
    J. Warner, D. S. Robertson, K. F. Hulme.: Phys. Letters 20 1966 163–4.Google Scholar
  79. [7]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 208–9; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 180–1.Google Scholar
  80. [8]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuz’minov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  81. [9]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 869–74; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 10 1965 725–8.Google Scholar
  82. [10]
    I. G. Ismailzade, V. I. Nesterenko, F. A. Mirishli.: Acta Cryst. 21 1966 Suppl. A, S. 196.Google Scholar
  83. [11]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua u. a..: Acta Cryst. 21 1966 Suppl. A, S. 210.Google Scholar
  84. [12]
    L. B. Pankratz, E. G. King.: U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Invest. Nr. 6862 1966 1–9, 2–3; C. A. 66 1967 Nr. 59542.Google Scholar
  85. [13]
    R. C. Miller, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 169–71.Google Scholar
  86. [14]
    B. J. Wicks, M. H. Lewis.: Phys. Status Solidi 26 1968 571–6.Google Scholar
  87. [15]
    E. Schempp, G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Chem. Phys. 53 1970 306–11.Google Scholar
  88. [16]
    I. G. Ismailzade.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 287–90; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 10 1965 235–7.Google Scholar
  89. [1]
    A. V. Lapitskii.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 22 1952 38–41; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 22 1952 41–5.Google Scholar
  90. [2]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27.Google Scholar
  91. [1]
    P. Bailey.: Thesis Bristol 1952 nach H. D. Megaw.: Ferroelectricity in Crystals, London 1957, S. 103–5.Google Scholar
  92. [2]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 999.Google Scholar
  93. [3]
    Y. Shiozaki, T. Mitsui.: Phys. Chem. Solids 24 1963 1057–61.Google Scholar
  94. [4]
    I. G. Ismailzade.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 287–90; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 10 1965 235–7.Google Scholar
  95. [5]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1024–5.Google Scholar
  96. [6]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45, 434–5.Google Scholar
  97. [7]
    P. Lerner, C. Legran, J. P. Dumas.: J. Cryst. Growth 3–4 1968 231–5.Google Scholar
  98. [8]
    K. Nassau, M. E. Lines.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 533–7.Google Scholar
  99. [1]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 999.Google Scholar
  100. [2]
    P. Bailey.: Thesis Bristol 1952 nach H. D. Megaw.: Ferroelectricity in Crystals, London 1957, S. 103–5.Google Scholar
  101. [3]
    G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, A. Savage.: Appt. Phys. Letters 5 1964 234–6.Google Scholar
  102. [4]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 869–74; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 725–8.Google Scholar
  103. [5]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 29 1965 1047–50; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 29 1965 1047–50.Google Scholar
  104. [6]
    Y. Shiozaki, T. Mitsui.: Phys. Chem. Solids 24 1963 1057–61.Google Scholar
  105. [7]
    V. M. Goldschmidt.: Skrifter Norske Videnskaps-Akad. Oslo I Mat. Naturv. KI. 1926 Nr. 2, S. 1–117, 97–9; Trans. Faraday Soc. 25 1929 253–83, 271.Google Scholar
  106. [8]
    A. V. Lapitskii, Yu. P. Simanov.: Zh. Fiz. Khim. 29 1955 1201–3, in: Structure Reports, Bd. 19, 1955, S. 392.Google Scholar
  107. [9]
    P. Lerner, C. Legran, J. P. Dumas.: J. Cryst. Growth 3–4 1968 231–5.Google Scholar
  108. [10]
    M. B. Dowell, I. Lefkowitz, G. W. Taylor.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 442–4.Google Scholar
  109. [11]
    I. G. Ismailzade.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 287–90; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 235–7.Google Scholar
  110. [12]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1020, 1026.Google Scholar
  111. [13]
    I. G. Ismailzade, V. I. Nesterenko, F. A. Mirishli.: Kristallografiya 13 1968 33–7; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 13 1968 25–8.Google Scholar
  112. [14]
    H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. A 24 1968 589–604, 594.Google Scholar
  113. [15]
    A. A. Kalandiya.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 19 1949 1635–44, 1642.Google Scholar
  114. [1]
    Y. Shiozaki, T. Mitsui.: Phys. Chem. Solids 24 1963 1057–61.Google Scholar
  115. [2]
    P. Bailey.: Thesis Univ. Bristol 1952 nach H. D. Megaw.: Ferroelectricity in Crystals, London 1957, S. 103–5.Google Scholar
  116. [3]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 1009–10. —Google Scholar
  117. 4 S. C. Abrahams, W. C. Hamilton, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1013–8. — Google Scholar
  118. 5 H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. A 24 1968 583–8.Google Scholar
  119. [6]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1023.Google Scholar
  120. [7]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27, 322. —8 H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. A 24 1968 589–604.Google Scholar
  121. [9]
    B. T. Matthias, J. Remeika.: Phys. Rev. 2 76 1949 1886–7.Google Scholar
  122. [10]
    H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. 7 1954 187–94.Google Scholar
  123. [11]
    H. C. Schweinler.: Phys. Rev. 2 87 1952 5–11, 86 1952 624.Google Scholar
  124. [12]
    G. A. Smolenskii.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 21 1957 233–63, 20 1956 163–77; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 21 1957 235–65, 20 1956 149–60.Google Scholar
  125. [13]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. V. Kozevnikova.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 2 76 1951 519–22.Google Scholar
  126. [14]
    J. Volger.: Research London 7 1954 230–5.Google Scholar
  127. [15]
    I. S. Zheludev, L. A. Shuvalov.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 21 1957 264–74; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 21 1957 266–76.Google Scholar
  128. [1]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 983–8; Appl. Phys. Letters 6 1965 228–30.Google Scholar
  129. [2]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27, 323–4.Google Scholar
  130. [3]
    B. J. Wicks, M. H. Lewis.: Phys. Status Solidi 26 1968 571–6.Google Scholar
  131. [4]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuí minov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; lnorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  132. [5]
    N. F. Evlanova, L. N. Rashkovich.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 282–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 13 1971 223–4.Google Scholar
  133. [6]
    C. A. Wallace.: J. Appl. Cryst. 3 1970 546–7.Google Scholar
  134. [7]
    H. J. Levinstein, C. D. Capio.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 2761–5.Google Scholar
  135. [1]
    G. E. Peterson, P. M. Bridenbaugh, P. Green.: J. Chem. Phys. 46 1967 4009–14, 4012–3. -Google Scholar
  136. [2]
    V. L. Bogdanov, V. V. Lemanov, V. P. Klyuev, S. A. Fedulov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1118–23; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 886–90.Google Scholar
  137. [3]
    V. A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, U. K. Kopvillem, L. N. Rashkovich, N. F. Evlanov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 759–62; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 594–6.Google Scholar
  138. [4]
    G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Solid State Chem. 1 1969 98–9.Google Scholar
  139. [5]
    J. R. Carruthers, G. E. Peterson, M. Grasso, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 1846–51.Google Scholar
  140. [6]
    G. E. Peterson, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Chem. Phys. 48 1968 3402–6.Google Scholar
  141. [7]
    D. Kline, H. S. Story.: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 2 13 1968 886.Google Scholar
  142. [8]
    E. Schempp, G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Chem. Phys. 53 1970 306–11.Google Scholar
  143. [9]
    G. Burns.: Phys. Rev. 2 127 1962 1193–6; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 2 6 1961 105.Google Scholar
  144. [10]
    Yu. V. Vladimirtsev, V. A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, U. K. Kopvillem, N. A. Shamukov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 2839–40; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 2239–40.Google Scholar
  145. [11]
    Yu. V. Vladimirtsev, V. A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, U. K. Kopvillem, N. A. Shamukov.: Akust. Zh. 15 1969 345–50.Google Scholar
  146. [12]
    V. A. Shutilov, G. L. Antokol’skii.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 1601–3; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 1297–9.Google Scholar
  147. [13]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 1010.Google Scholar
  148. [14]
    L. B. Meisner, I. S. Rez.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 2931–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 2374–80.Google Scholar
  149. [1]
    A. V. Lapitskii, B. D. Nebylitsyn.: Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. IV Geol. 16 Nr. 2 1961 70–4; C.A. 1961 17397; Bull. Univ. Tiranes Nr. 2 1958 127–31.Google Scholar
  150. A. V. Lapitskii, B. V. Strizhkov, L. G. Vlasov.: Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. li Khim. 15 Nr. 4 1960 25–7; C.A. 1961 12019.Google Scholar
  151. [1]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 1008.- 2 A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31,1230.-Google Scholar
  152. [3]
    E. Schempp, G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Chem. Phys. 53 1970 306–11.Google Scholar
  153. [4]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. L. Bernstein.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 28 1967 1685–92, 1691.Google Scholar
  154. [1]
    I. P. Kaminow, W. D. Johnston.: Phys. Rev. 2 160 1967 519–22.Google Scholar
  155. [2]
    R. F. Schaufele, M. J. Weber.: Phys. Rev. 2 152 1966 705–8.Google Scholar
  156. [3]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45, 438.Google Scholar
  157. [4]
    J. D. Axe, D. F. O’Kane.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 58–60.Google Scholar
  158. [5]
    J. D. Axe, D. F. O’Kane.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 253.Google Scholar
  159. [6]
    H. E. Puthoff, R. H. Pantell, B. G. Huth, M. A. Chacon.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 2144–6.Google Scholar
  160. Dispersion 7 S. D. Ross.: J. Phys. C 3 1970 1785–90.Google Scholar
  161. [1]
    H. E. Puthoff, R. H. Pantell, B. G. Huth, M. A. Chacon.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 2144–6. —Google Scholar
  162. [2]
    M. Rokni, L. S. Wall, E. Amzallag, T. S. Chang.: Solid State Commun. 10 1972 103–5. —Google Scholar
  163. [3]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45.Google Scholar
  164. [4]
    G. Borstel, L. Merten.: Z. Naturforsch. 26a 1971 653–60.Google Scholar
  165. [5]
    S. Devine, G. Peckham.: J. Phys. C 4 1971 1091–104.Google Scholar
  166. [6]
    V. V. Obukhovskii, H. Ponath, V. L. Strizhevskii.: Phys. Status Solidi 41 1970 847–54.Google Scholar
  167. [7]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow, J. G. Bergman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 190–3.Google Scholar
  168. [8]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1045–54, 1046–9.Google Scholar
  169. [9]
    A. S. Barker.: Proc. Symp. Ferroelec., Prague 1966 1967, S. 213–50, 238–42.Google Scholar
  170. [1]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 128–31; Soviet Phys.–Solid State 12 1970 101–3.Google Scholar
  171. [2]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 987–90; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 911–5.Google Scholar
  172. [3]
    R. J. O’Brien, G. J. Rosasco, A. Weber.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 623–30, 628.Google Scholar
  173. [4]
    Yu. V. Vladimirtsev, V. A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, U. K. Kopvillem, N. A. Shamukov.: Akust. Zh. 15 1969 345–50; C. A. 71 1969 Nr. 107383.Google Scholar
  174. [5]
    Yu. V. Vladimirtsev, V. A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, U. K. Kopvillem, N. A. Shamukov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 2839–40; Soviet Phys.–Solid State 10 1968 2239–40.Google Scholar
  175. [1]
    A. V. Lapitskii.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 22 1952 38–41; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 22 1952 41–5.Google Scholar
  176. [2]
    P. Lerner, C. Legran, J. P. Dumas.: J. Cryst. Growth 3–4 1968 231–5.Google Scholar
  177. [3]
    S. C. Abrahams, J. M. Reddy, J. L. Bernstein.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 997–1012, 999.Google Scholar
  178. [4]
    A. A. Ballman.: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48 1965 112–3.Google Scholar
  179. [1]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1230.Google Scholar
  180. [2]
    A. P. Korolyuk, L. Ya. Matsakov, V. V. Vasil’chenko.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1028–32; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 15 1970 893–6.Google Scholar
  181. [3]
    R. J. O’Brien, G. J. Rosasco, A. Weber.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 623–30, 629.Google Scholar
  182. [4]
    T. B. Bateman, E. G. Spencer laut R. J. O’Brien, G. J. Rosasco, A. Weber.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 623–30, 629.Google Scholar
  183. [5]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strishevskaya.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  184. [6]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2227.Google Scholar
  185. [7]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, V. P. Klyuev, Z. I. Shapiro.: Elektronnaya Tekhnika Materialy Ser. 14 1968 158 laut A. P. Korolyuk, L. Ya. Matsakov, V. V. Vasil’chenko.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1028–32; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 15 1970 893–6.Google Scholar
  186. [8]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  187. [9]
    S. L. Halverson, T. T. Anderson, A. P. Gavin, T. Grate.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. Trans. Nucl. Sci. 17 1970 335–40; C. A. 74 1971 Nr. 9 2466.Google Scholar
  188. [10]
    D. F. Kiselev, T. Glushkova, M. M. Kirsova.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 3592–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 3007–9.Google Scholar
  189. [11]
    D. H. McMahon.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44 1968 1007–13, 1011.Google Scholar
  190. [12]
    V. S. Postnikov, L. D. Kaverin, V. S. Pavlov, S. K. Turkov.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1918–20; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1741–6.Google Scholar
  191. [13]
    T. Yamada, N. Niizeki, H. Toyoda.: Japan J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 151–5.Google Scholar
  192. [1]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau.: Appl. Phys. Letters 7 1965 67–9.Google Scholar
  193. [2]
    C. P. Wen, R. F. Mayo.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 135–6.Google Scholar
  194. [3]
    Y. Ohmachi, K. Sawamoto, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1467–8.Google Scholar
  195. [4]
    V. A. Pirozhkov, V. B. Nagibarov, V. V. Samartsev, R. G. Usmanov, E. I. Shtyrkov.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 30 1971 329–31; Opt. Spectry. USSR 30 1971 178–9.Google Scholar
  196. [5]
    G. A. Sever, K. N. Baranskii.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 935–7; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 864–6.Google Scholar
  197. [6]
    B. P. Smolyakov, L. M. Meil’man, V. P. Klyuev, I. A. Shpil’ko, U. K. Kopvillem.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 9 1967 3002–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 9 1967 2366–7.Google Scholar
  198. [7]
    R. J. O’Brien, G. J. Rosasco, A. Weber.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 623–30, 628.Google Scholar
  199. [8]
    T. B. Bateman laut E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2093.Google Scholar
  200. [9]
    D. F. Kiselev, T. M. Glushkova, M. M. Kirsova.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 3592–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 3007–9.Google Scholar
  201. [10]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2225.Google Scholar
  202. [11]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 987–90; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 911–5.Google Scholar
  203. [12]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 128–31; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 12 1970 101–3.Google Scholar
  204. [1]
    R. Truell, C. Elbaum.: in: S. Flügge, Handbuch der Physik, Bd. 11, TI. 2, Berlin -Google Scholar
  205. Göttingen -Google Scholar
  206. Heidelberg 1962, S. 153–258.Google Scholar
  207. [2]
    G. A. Sever, K. N. Baranskii.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 935–7; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 864–6.Google Scholar
  208. [3]
    V. A. Pirozhkov, V. R. Nagibarov, V. V. Samartsev, R. G. Usmanov, E. I. Shtyrkov.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 30 1971 329–31; Opt. Spectry. USSR 30 1971 178–9.Google Scholar
  209. [4]
    R. G. Usmanov, V. A. Pirozhkov.: Ukr. Fiz. Zh. 16 1971 1023–5; C. A. 75 1971 Nr. 12 2189.Google Scholar
  210. [5]
    C. P. Wen, R. F. Mayo.: Appt. Phys. LettersGoogle Scholar
  211. 9 1966 135–6.Google Scholar
  212. [6]
    V. V. Lemanov, G. A. Smolenskii, A. B. Sherman.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 653–7; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 524–7.Google Scholar
  213. [7]
    V. V. Lemanov, G. A. Smolenskii, A. B. Sherman, V. P. Klyuev.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 303–5.Google Scholar
  214. [8]
    V. V. Lemanov, A. B. Sherman, G. A. Smolenskii, N. B. Angert, V. P. Klyuev.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1720–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid StateGoogle Scholar
  215. 10 1968 1357–9.Google Scholar
  216. [9]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 423–4.Google Scholar
  217. [10]
    M. I. Grace, R. W. Kedzie, M. Kestigian, A. B. Smith.: Appt. Phys. Letters 9 1966 155–6.Google Scholar
  218. [11]
    A. B. Smith, M. Kestigian, R. W. Kedzie, M. I. Grace.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 4928–9.Google Scholar
  219. [12]
    0. G. Farah, P. E. Wagner, H. Z. Cummins.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 2365–8.Google Scholar
  220. [13]
    M. A. Grigor’ev, Yu. A. Zyuryukin, V. I. Nayanov, V. A. Polotnyagin, V. N. Shevchik.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 3033–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 12 1970 2449–50.Google Scholar
  221. [14]
    M. A. Grigor’ev, Yu. A. Zyuryukin, V. I. Nayanov, V. A. Polotnyagin, V. N. Shevchik.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 948–51; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 876–9.Google Scholar
  222. [15]
    A. B. Sherman, V. V. Lemanov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 1690–2; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 13 1971 1413–5.Google Scholar
  223. [16]
    D. B. Fraser, A. W. Warner.: J. Appl. Phys. 37 1966 3853–4.Google Scholar
  224. [17]
    E. G. Spencer, P.V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2089–93.Google Scholar
  225. [1]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 993. —2 A. W. Vere.: J. Mater. Sci. 3 1968 617–21.Google Scholar
  226. [3]
    V. S. Postnikov, L. D. Kaverin, V. S. Pavlov, S. K. Turkov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1918–20; Bull. Acad. S.i. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1741–3.Google Scholar
  227. [1]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, L E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  228. [2]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein, J. M. Reddy.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1022.Google Scholar
  229. [3]
    H. D. Megaw.: Acta Cryst. A 24 1968 589–604, 597, 600.Google Scholar
  230. [4]
    V. V. Zhdanova, V. P. Klyuev, V. V. Lemanov, I. A. Smirnov, V. V. Tikhonov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1725–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 1360–2.Google Scholar
  231. [5]
    Y. S. Kim, R. T. Smith.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 4637–41.Google Scholar
  232. [6]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2224.Google Scholar
  233. [1]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  234. [2]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 208–9; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 180–1.Google Scholar
  235. [3]
    A. Reisman, F. Holtzberg.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 1958 6503–7.Google Scholar
  236. [4]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27.Google Scholar
  237. [5]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 993.Google Scholar
  238. [6]
    L. B. Pankratz, E. G. King.: U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Invest. Nr. 6862 1966 1–9; C.A. 66 1967 Nr. 59542.Google Scholar
  239. [7]
    A. A. Ballman.: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48 1965 112–3.Google Scholar
  240. [8]
    S. A. Fedulov, Z. I. Shapiro, P. B. Ladyzhinskii.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 268–70; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 218–20.Google Scholar
  241. [9]
    M. A. Pchelkina, A. V. Lapitskii.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 24 1954 1105–8; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 24 1954 1101–3.Google Scholar
  242. [10]
    I. G. Ismailzade.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 287–90; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 235–7.Google Scholar
  243. [1]
    V. V. Zhdanova, V. P. Klyuev, V. V. Lemanov, I. A. Smirnov, V. V. Tikhonov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1725–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 1360–2.Google Scholar
  244. [2]
    L. B. Pankratz, E. G. King.: U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Invest. Nr. 6862 1966 1–9, 7; C.A. 66 1967 Nr. 59542.— 3 E. Schempp, G. E. Peterson, J. R. Carruthers.: J. Chem. Phys. 53 1970 306–11.Google Scholar
  245. [1]
    J. F. Nye.: Physical Properties of Crystals, Oxford 1967, S. 7, 23–4.Google Scholar
  246. [2]
    B. Jaffe, W. R. Cook, H. Jaffe.: Piezoelectric Ceramics, London–New York 1971.Google Scholar
  247. [3]
    C. Kittel.: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, 2. Aufl., München–Wien 1969.Google Scholar
  248. [4]
    K. H. Hellwege.: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York 1968.Google Scholar
  249. [5]
    A. S. Barker.: in: E. F. Weller, Proc. Symp. Ferroelec., Warren 1966 1967, S. 213–50.Google Scholar
  250. [6]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45.Google Scholar
  251. [7]
    J. M. Herbert.: Proc. Brit. Ceram. Soc. Nr. 18 1970 157–99, 163–9.Google Scholar
  252. [1]
    E. Wainer, C. Wentworth.: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35 1952 207–14, 209.Google Scholar
  253. [2]
    N. F. Foster.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 420–1.Google Scholar
  254. [3]
    H. Hirano.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 90–2.Google Scholar
  255. [4]
    E. H. Turner, F. R. Nash, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. App. Phys. 41 1970 5278–81.Google Scholar
  256. [5]
    P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, K. Nassau.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56 1966 633–5.Google Scholar
  257. [6]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 994–5.Google Scholar
  258. [7]
    E. H. Turner.: Appt. Phys. Letters 8 1966 303–4.Google Scholar
  259. [8]
    Y. Ohmachi, K. Sawamoto, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1467–8.Google Scholar
  260. [9]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31.Google Scholar
  261. [10]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  262. [11]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2227.Google Scholar
  263. [12]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45.Google Scholar
  264. [13]
    J. D. Axe, D. F. O’Kane.: Appt. Phys. Letters 9 1966 58–60, Korrektur S. 253.Google Scholar
  265. [14]
    D. R. Bosomworth.: Appt. Phys. Letters 9 1966 330–1.Google Scholar
  266. [15]
    E. A. Vinogradov, N. A. Prisova, G. V. Kozlov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 781–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 12 1970 605–7.Google Scholar
  267. [16]
    L. B. Meisner, I. S. Rez.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 2931–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 2374–80.Google Scholar
  268. [1]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–227.Google Scholar
  269. [2]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strizhevskaya.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. F.z. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  270. [3]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  271. [4]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 994–5.Google Scholar
  272. [5]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 208–9; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 180–1.Google Scholar
  273. [6]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 869–74; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 725–8.Google Scholar
  274. [7]
    J. G. Bergman, A. Ashkin, A. A. Ballman, J. M. Dziedzic, H. J. Levinstein, R. G. Smith.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 92–4.Google Scholar
  275. [8]
    T. M. Glushkova, D. F. Kiselev, M. M. Firsova.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 2753–5; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 13 1971 2299–301.Google Scholar
  276. [9]
    Y. Ohmachi, K. Sawamoto, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1467–8.Google Scholar
  277. [10]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45, 443.Google Scholar
  278. [11]
    E. Bernal, G. D. Chen, T. C. Lee.: Phys. Letters 21 1966 259–60.Google Scholar
  279. [12]
    D. R. Bosom-worth.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 330–1.Google Scholar
  280. [1]
    W. Primak, T. T. Anderson, S. L. Halverson.: Nucl. Technol. 10 1971 76–84, 81.Google Scholar
  281. [2]
    M. B. Dowell, I. Lefkowitz, G. W. Taylor.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 442–4.Google Scholar
  282. [3]
    S. L. Halverson, T. T. Anderson, A. P. Gavin, T. Grate.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. Trans. Nucl. Sci. 17 1970 335–40.Google Scholar
  283. [4]
    R. W. Smith.: BNWL-1436 1970 1–14, 9–12; C. A. 75 1971 Nr. 55084.Google Scholar
  284. [1]
    J. M. Herbert.: Proc. Brit. Ceram. Soc. Nr. 18 1970 157–99, 163–9.Google Scholar
  285. [2]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45.Google Scholar
  286. [3]
    A. S. Barker.: Proc. Symp. Ferroelectr., Warren 1966 1967, S. 213–50, 233–42.Google Scholar
  287. [4]
    H. C. Schweinler.: Phys. Rev. 2 87 1952 5–11, 86 1951 624.Google Scholar
  288. [5]
    H. C. Schweinler.: in: NP-1947 1951 1–107, 23–4; N.S.A. 5 1951 Nr. 3698.Google Scholar
  289. [1]
    G. A. Smolenskii, N. N. Krainik, N. P. Khuchua, V. V. Zhdanova, I. E. Myl’nikova.: Phys. Status Solidi 13 1966 309–14.Google Scholar
  290. [2]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 869–74; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 10 1965 725–8.Google Scholar
  291. [3]
    S. H. WempleGoogle Scholar
  292. M. DiDomenico, I. Camlibel.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 209–11.Google Scholar
  293. [4]
    A. Savage.: J. Appl. Phys. 37 1966 3071–2.Google Scholar
  294. [5]
    Y. Shiozaki, T. Mitsui.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24 1963 1057–61.Google Scholar
  295. [6]
    G. E. Peterson, P. M. Bridenbaugh, P. Green.: J. Chem. Phys. 46 1967 4009–14.Google Scholar
  296. [7]
    J. D. Axe.: Solid State Commun. 5 1967 413–6.Google Scholar
  297. [8]
    A. S. Barker, A. A. Ballman, J. A. Ditzenberger.: Phys. Rev. B 3 2 1970 4233–9, 4238.Google Scholar
  298. [9]
    B. T. Matthias, J. Remeika.: Phys. Rev. 2 76 1949 1886–7.Google Scholar
  299. [10]
    B. T. Matthias.: in: Phase Transformations Solids Symp., Cornell Univ. 1948 1951, S. 340–1.Google Scholar
  300. [11]
    S. C. Abrahams, S. K. Kurtz, P. B. Jamieson.: Phys. Rev. 2 172 1968 551–3.Google Scholar
  301. [1]
    A. Savage.: J. Appl. Phys. 37 1966 3071–2.Google Scholar
  302. [2]
    A. M. Glass.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 147–9.Google Scholar
  303. [3]
    C. G. B. Garrett.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. J. Quantum Electron 4 1968 70–84.Google Scholar
  304. [4]
    P. A. Soref.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. J. Quantum Electron, 5 1969 126–9.Google Scholar
  305. [1]
    IRE-Standards an Piezoelectric Crystals.: Proc. IRE 37 1949 1378–95, 45 1957 353–8, 46 1958 764–78, 49 1961 1161–70.Google Scholar
  306. [2]
    J. F. Nye.: Physical Properties of Crystals, Oxford 1967, S. 110–30.Google Scholar
  307. [3]
    Landolt-Börnstein, Neue Serie, Gruppe III, Bd. 1, 1966, S. 44.Google Scholar
  308. [4]
    B. Jaffe, W. R. Cook, H. Jaffe.: Piezoelectric Ceramics, London -Google Scholar
  309. New York 1971.Google Scholar
  310. [5]
    H.-J. Martin.: Die Ferroelektrika, Leipzig 1964.Google Scholar
  311. [6]
    W. P. Mason.: Piezoelectric Crystals and their Application to Ultrasonics, New York 1950; Physical Acoustics, New York -Google Scholar
  312. London 1964.Google Scholar
  313. [7]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108.Google Scholar
  314. [1]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1230. -2 T. Yamada, M. Niizeki, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 151–5.Google Scholar
  315. [3]
    A. P. Korolyuk, L. Ya. Matsakov, V. V. Vasil’chenko.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1028–32; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 15 1970 893–6.Google Scholar
  316. [4]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2227.Google Scholar
  317. [5]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strizhevskaya.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  318. [6]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, V. P. Klyuev, Z. I. Shapiro.: Elektronnaya Tekhnika Materialy Ser. 14 1968 158 laut A. P. Korolyuk u. a. 3.Google Scholar
  319. [7]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorganic Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  320. [1]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1230. -2 A. P. Korolyuk, L. Ya. Matsakov, V. V. Vasil’chenko.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1028–32; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 15 1970 893–6.Google Scholar
  321. [3]
    R. J. O’Brien, G. J. Rosasco, A. Weber.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 623–30, 629.Google Scholar
  322. [4]
    T. B. Bateman, E. G. Spencer laut 3.Google Scholar
  323. [5]
    R. T. Smith, F. S. Welsh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 2219–30, 2227.Google Scholar
  324. [6]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strizhevskaya.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  325. [7]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  326. [1]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  327. [2]
    T. Yamada, N. Niizeki, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 151–5.Google Scholar
  328. [3]
    W. Primak, T. T. Anderson, S. L. Halverson.: Nucl. Technol. 10 1971 76–84, 81.Google Scholar
  329. [4]
    A. A. Ballman.: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48 1965 112–3.Google Scholar
  330. [5]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1230.Google Scholar
  331. [6]
    S. L. Halverson, T. T. Anderson, A. P. Gavin, T. Grate.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. Trans. Nucl. Sci. 17 1970 335–40.Google Scholar
  332. [7]
    Y. Ohmachi, K. Sawamoto, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1467–8.Google Scholar
  333. [8]
    N. F. Foster.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 420–1.Google Scholar
  334. [9]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strizhevskaya.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. F.z. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  335. [10]
    A. P. Korolyuk, L. Ya. Matsakov, V. V. Vasil’chenko.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1028–32; Soviet Phys.–Cryst. 15 1970 893–6.Google Scholar
  336. [11]
    R. W. Smith.: BNWL-1436 1970 1–14, 9–11; C. A. 75 1971 Nr. 55084.— 12 A. B. Sherman, V. V. Lemanov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 1690–2; Soviet Phys.–Solid State 13 1971 1413–5.Google Scholar
  337. [1]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1229–31.Google Scholar
  338. [2]
    V. V. Chkalova, D. S. Bondarenko, G. O. Fokina, F. N. Strizhevskaya.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. F.z. 35 1971 1886–9; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1712–5.Google Scholar
  339. [3]
    V. V. Chkalova, V. S. Bondarenko, Z. I. Shapiro.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 3 1967 1715–6; Inorg. Materials USSR 3 1967 1502–3.Google Scholar
  340. [4]
    R. W. Smith.: BNWL-1436 1970 1–14, 9–11; C.A. 75 1971 Nr. 55084.Google Scholar
  341. [1]
    P. Théry, E. Bridoux, F. Haine, C. Moriamez.: Compt. Rend. B 268 1969 285–8.Google Scholar
  342. [2]
    K. K. Ermilin, L. K. Zarembo, V. A. Krasilnikov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 1329–32; Soviet Phys.Solid State 12 1970 1045–8.Google Scholar
  343. [3]
    V. L. Bogdanov, V. V. Lemanov, N. K. Yushin.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 1450–3; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 13 1971 1208–11.Google Scholar
  344. [4]
    D. H. McMahon.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44 1968 1007–13, 1011.Google Scholar
  345. [5]
    V. M. Ristic.: Phys. Letters A 35 1971 63–4.Google Scholar
  346. [6]
    M. Moriamez, E. Bridoux, P. Théry, F. Haine.: Compt. Rend. B 268 1969 589–92.Google Scholar
  347. [7]
    R. B. Thompson, C. F. Quate.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 907–19, 12–7.Google Scholar
  348. [8]
    R. B. Thompson, C. F. Quate.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 295–8.Google Scholar
  349. [1]
    A. H. Meitzler, E. K. Sittig.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 4341–52, 4348, 4351.Google Scholar
  350. [2]
    N. F. Foster.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 420–1.Google Scholar
  351. [3]
    D. Beecham.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 4357–61.Google Scholar
  352. [4]
    A. W. Warner, A. H. Meitzler.: Proc. Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. 56 1968 1376–7.Google Scholar
  353. [1]
    J. L. Bleustein.: Appt. Phys. Letters 13 1968 412–3.Google Scholar
  354. [2]
    H. Thomann.: 35. Physikertag. Hannover, Vorabdruck der Kurzfassungen, Hannover 1970, S. 165–71.Google Scholar
  355. [3]
    W. Willis.: Ultrason. Ind. Conf. Papers, London 1969, S. 35–9; C. A. 74 1971 Nr. 16874.Google Scholar
  356. [4]
    M. Zuliani, D. M. Ristic.: Phys. Letters A 38 1972 87–9.Google Scholar
  357. [1]
    R. V. Schmidt.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 369–71.Google Scholar
  358. [2]
    H. L. Bertoni.: AD-708018 1969 1–29, 9–11; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 46979.Google Scholar
  359. [3]
    B. A. Auld, D. A. Wilson, D. K. Winslow, E. Young.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 339–41.Google Scholar
  360. [4]
    R. E. Lee, R. M. White.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 343–6.Google Scholar
  361. [5]
    A. Ishida, M. Sumi.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 252–3.Google Scholar
  362. [6]
    M. L. Dakss, E. G. Lean, J. Schoenwald.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 137–9.Google Scholar
  363. [7]
    F. Y. Cho, K. M. Peterson, B. J. Hunsinger.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 276–8.Google Scholar
  364. [1]
    A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coquin.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42 1967 1223–31, 1230. -2 J. J. Campbell, W. R. Jones.: IEEE Inst. Elec. Electron. Engrs. Trans. Sonics Ultrason. 15 1968 209–17, 212–7.Google Scholar
  365. [3]
    J. H. Collins, H. M. Gerard, H. J. Shaw.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 312–3.Google Scholar
  366. [4]
    R. D. Weglein, M. E. Pedinoff, H. Winston.: Electron. Letters 6 1970 654–6.Google Scholar
  367. [5]
    A. G. Slobodnik, E. D. Conway.: Electron. Letters 6 1970 171–3.Google Scholar
  368. [6]
    A. J. Slobodnik, P. H. Carr, A. J. Budreau.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 4380–7, 4385.Google Scholar
  369. [7]
    A. J. Slobodnik, T. L. Szabo.: Electron. Letters 7 1971 257–8.Google Scholar
  370. [8]
    B. H. Soffer, D. H. Close, M. E. Pedinoff.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 339–42.Google Scholar
  371. [9]
    J. C. Crabb.: Electron. Letters 7 1971 253–5.Google Scholar
  372. [10]
    L. P. Solie.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 111–2.Google Scholar
  373. [11]
    M. B. Schulz, J. H. Matsinger.: Appl. Phys. Letters 20 1972 367–9.Google Scholar
  374. [12]
    R. N. Spaight.: AD-708708 1969 1–87; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 17076.Google Scholar
  375. [13]
    R. N. Spaight.: AD-708710 1970 1–15, 7–8; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 17077.Google Scholar
  376. [14]
    H. Engan.: Rev. Sci. Instr. 42 1971 426–8; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 131 497.Google Scholar
  377. [15]
    A. Takayanagi, K. Yamanouchi, K. Shibayama.: Appl. Phys. LettersGoogle Scholar
  378. 17 1970 225–7.Google Scholar
  379. [16]
    K. Yamanouchi, K. Shibayama.: J. Appl. Phys. 43 1972 856–62.Google Scholar
  380. [1]
    J. H. Collins, K. M. Lakin, C. F. Quate, H. J. Shaw.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 314–6.Google Scholar
  381. [2]
    J. Wolter.: Phys. Letters A 34 1971 87–8.Google Scholar
  382. [3]
    L. A. Coldren, G. S. Kino.: Appl. Phys. LettersGoogle Scholar
  383. 18 1971 317–9.Google Scholar
  384. [4]
    L. A. Coldren.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 319–21.Google Scholar
  385. [5]
    C. Krischer, A. Bers.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 349–52.Google Scholar
  386. [6]
    K. Yamanouchi, K. Shibayama.: J. Appl. Phys. 43 1972 856–62.Google Scholar
  387. [7]
    M. N. Araghi, P. Das.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 133–5.Google Scholar
  388. [8]
    B. A. Auld, D. A. Wilson, D. K. Winslow, E. Young.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 339–41.Google Scholar
  389. [1]
    A. J. Slobodnik.: Appl. Phys. Letters 14 1969 94–6.Google Scholar
  390. [2]
    A. J. Slobodnik, P. H. Carr, A. J. Budreau.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 4380–7.Google Scholar
  391. [3]
    E. G. H. Lean, C. C. Tseng, C. G. Powell.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 32–5.Google Scholar
  392. [4]
    A. Takayanagi, K. Yamanouchi, K. Shibayama.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 225–7.Google Scholar
  393. [5]
    K. Yamanouchi, K. Shibayama.: J. Appl. Phys. 43 1972 856–62.Google Scholar
  394. [6]
    J. de Klerk, M. R. Daniel.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 219–21.Google Scholar
  395. [7]
    H. Engan, H. Hanebrekke, K. A. Ingebrigtsen, E. Jergan.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 239–41.Google Scholar
  396. [8]
    K. M. Lakin.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 899–906, 904–5.Google Scholar
  397. [1]
    J. H. Collins, H. M. Gerard, H. J. Shaw.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 312–3.Google Scholar
  398. [2]
    R. N. Spaight.: AD-708708 1969 1–87; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 17076.Google Scholar
  399. [3]
    R. N. Spaight.: AD-708710 1970 1–15; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 17077.Google Scholar
  400. [4]
    F. Y. Cho, B. J. Hunsinger, R. L. Lawson.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 298–301.Google Scholar
  401. [5]
    P. Das, M. N. Araghi.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 293–5.Google Scholar
  402. [6]
    F. Y. Cho, K. M. Peterson, B. J. Hunsinger.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 276–8.Google Scholar
  403. [7]
    A. J. Slobodnik.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48 1970 203–10.Google Scholar
  404. [8]
    A. J. Slobodnik, T. L. Szabo.: Electron. Letters 7 1971 257–8.Google Scholar
  405. [1]
    L. O. Svaasand.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 300–2.Google Scholar
  406. [2]
    E. G. H. Lean, C. C. Tseng, C. G. Powell.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 32–5.Google Scholar
  407. [3]
    A. J. Slobodnik.: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48 1970 203–10.Google Scholar
  408. [4]
    P. H. Carr.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 5330–2.Google Scholar
  409. [5]
    M. Luukkala, G. S. Kino.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 393–4.Google Scholar
  410. [1]
    P. J. Jorgensen, R. W. Bartlett.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30 1969 2639–48.Google Scholar
  411. [2]
    G. Bergmann.: Solid State Commun. 6 1968 77–9.— 3 W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8.Google Scholar
  412. [4]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 993.Google Scholar
  413. [5]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: Kristallografiya 10 1965 869–74; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 10 1965 725–8.Google Scholar
  414. [6]
    Z. I. Shapiro, S. A. Fedulov, Yu. N. Venevtsev, L. G. Rigerman.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 29 1965 1047–50; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 29 1965 1047–50.Google Scholar
  415. [7]
    T. M. Glushkova, D. F. Kiselev, M. M. Firsova.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 2753–5; Soviet Phys.Google Scholar
  416. Solid State 13 1971 2299–301.Google Scholar
  417. [8]
    A..`13. Sherman, V. V. Lemanov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 1690–2; Soviet Phys.Solid State 13 1971 1413–5.Google Scholar
  418. [1]
    K. Gürs.: Laser, Frankfurt a.M. 1970.Google Scholar
  419. [2]
    W. Kleen, R. Müller.: Laser, Berlin -Google Scholar
  420. Heidelberg -Google Scholar
  421. New York 1969.Google Scholar
  422. [3]
    K. H. Hellwege, T. Ikeda u. a..: in: Landolt-Börnstein, Neue Serie, Gruppe Ill, Bd. 3, 1969, S. 89–92.Google Scholar
  423. [4]
    I. S. Rez.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 33 1969 289–97; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 33 1969 266–72.Google Scholar
  424. [5]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108.Google Scholar
  425. [1]
    P. Lerner, C. Legran, J. P. Dumas.: J. Cryst. Growth 3–4 1968 231–5.Google Scholar
  426. [2]
    L. M. GusevaGoogle Scholar
  427. V. P. Klyuev, I. S. Rez, S. A. Fedulov, A. P. Lyubimov, Z. I. Tatarov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1161–3; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1181–3.Google Scholar
  428. [3]
    K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, G. M. Loiacono.: Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 989–96, 993.Google Scholar
  429. [4]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuí minov.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  430. [5]
    R. G. Smith, D. B. Fraser, R. T. Denton, T. C. Rich.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 4600–2.Google Scholar
  431. [6]
    D. R. Bosomworth.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 330–1.Google Scholar
  432. [7]
    V. N. Aleshechkin, V. V. Meriakri, Yu. M. Poplavko, E. F. Ushatkin.: Radiotekhn. Elektron. 17 1972 209–11; C. A. 76 1972 Nr. 91 720.Google Scholar
  433. [8]
    R. H. Stolen laut I. P. Kaminow, T. J. Bridges, M. A. Pollack.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 416–8.Google Scholar
  434. [9]
    B. Welber.: Appl. Opt. 6 1967 925–8.Google Scholar
  435. [10]
    V. V. Arsen’ev, V. S. Dneprovskii, D. N. Klyshko, A. N. Penin.: Zh. Eksperim. i Teor. Fiz. 56 1969 760–5; Soviet Phys.JETP 29 1969 413–5.Google Scholar
  436. [11]
    W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8, 302–3, 305.Google Scholar
  437. W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8, 302–3, 305.Google Scholar
  438. W. Primak, T. T. Anderson, S. L. Halverson.: Nucl. Technol. 10 1971 76–84, 79.Google Scholar
  439. [13]
  440. Dowell, I. Lefkowitz, G. W. Taylor.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 442–4.Google Scholar
  441. [14]
    E. G. Valyashko, L. N. Rashkovich, V. A. Timoshenkov.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 24 1968 637–9; Opt. Spectry. USSR 24 1968 339–40.Google Scholar
  442. [1]
    N. A. Irisova, G. V. Kozlov.: Kristallografiya 15 1970 1078–80; Soviet Phys.-Cryst. 15 1970 941–2.Google Scholar
  443. [2]
    E. A. Vinogradov, N. A. Prisova, G. V. Kozlov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 781–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 12 1970 605–7.Google Scholar
  444. [3]
    D. R. Bosomworth.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 330–1.Google Scholar
  445. [4]
    V. N. Aleshechkin, V. V. Mariakri, Yu. M. Poplavko, E. F. Ushatkin.: Radiotekhn. Elektron. 17 1972 209–11; C. A. 76 1972 Nr. 91 720.Google Scholar
  446. [5]
    B. Welber.: Appl. Opt. 6 1967 925–8.Google Scholar
  447. [6]
    D. N. Klyshko, D. P. Krindach.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 26 1969 981–5; Opt. Spectry. USSR 26 1969 532–4.- 7 G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 5 1964 234–6.Google Scholar
  448. [8]
    G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, H. L. Carter.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 1941–3.Google Scholar
  449. [9]
    J. G. Bergman, A. Ashkin. A. A. Ballman, J. M. Dziedzic, H. J. Levinstein, R. G. Smith.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 92–4.Google Scholar
  450. [10]
    F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2564–76, 2566.Google Scholar
  451. [11]
    J. E. Midwinter.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3033–8.Google Scholar
  452. [12]
    A. S. Vasilevskaya, A. S. SoninGoogle Scholar
  453. I. S. Rez, T. A. Plotinskaya.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1159–60; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1178–9.Google Scholar
  454. [13]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kubota.: Japan.Google Scholar
  455. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1101–4.Google Scholar
  456. [14]
    G. V. Ageev, R. P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuk, N. S. Voidetskaya u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2-go Vses.Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 211–7, 216; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  457. [15]
    S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, I. Camlibel.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 209–11.Google Scholar
  458. [16]
    L. B. Meisner, I. S. Rez.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 2931–8; Soviet Phys.- Solid State 11 1969 2374–80.Google Scholar
  459. [1]
    D. R. Bosomworth.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 330–1.Google Scholar
  460. [2]
    G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, H. L. Carter.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 1941–3.Google Scholar
  461. [3]
    H. Tsuya, Y. Fujino.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 10 1971 1509–12.Google Scholar
  462. [4]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kubota.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1101–4.Google Scholar
  463. [5]
    R. C. Miller, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 169–71; Proc. Symp. Ferroelec., Prague 1966 1967, Bd. 1, S. 407; C.A. 67 1967 Nr. 58743.Google Scholar
  464. [6]
    J. E. Midwinter.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3033–8.Google Scholar
  465. [7]
    K. Vedam, T. A. Davis.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 138–40.Google Scholar
  466. [8]
    G. V. Ageev, R. P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuk, N. S. Voidetskaya u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2-go Vses. Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 21117; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  467. [1]
    A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic u. a..: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 72–4.Google Scholar
  468. [2]
    P. H. Smakula, P. C. Claspy.: Trans. AI M E 239 1967 421–4.Google Scholar
  469. [3]
    F. S. Chen.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 3389–96.Google Scholar
  470. [4]
    F. Micheron, G. Bismuth.: Opt. Commun. 3 1971 390–4.Google Scholar
  471. [5]
    R. W. Wallace.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 497–9.Google Scholar
  472. [6]
    G. M. Zverev, E. A. Levchuk, E. K. Maldutis, V. A. Pashkov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 1060–2; Soviet Phys.—Solid State 11 1969 865–6.Google Scholar
  473. [7]
    S. K. Kurtz, J. A. Giordmaine.: Phys. Rev. Letters 22 1969 192–5.Google Scholar
  474. [8]
    H. Fay, W. J. Alford, H. M. Dess.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 89–92. —9 J. G. Bergman, A. Ashkin, A. A. Ballman, J. M. Dziedzic, H. J. Levinstein, R. G. Smith.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 92–4.Google Scholar
  475. [10]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow, J. G. Bergman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 190–3.Google Scholar
  476. [11]
    A. Hordvik, H. Schlossberg.: Appl. Phys. Letters 20 1972 197–9.Google Scholar
  477. [12]
    H. J. Levinstein, A. A. Ballman, R. T. Denton, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 3101–2.Google Scholar
  478. [13]
    G. E. Peterson, A. M. Glass, T. J. Negran.: Appl. Phys. Letters 19 1971 130–2.Google Scholar
  479. [1]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow, J. G. Bergman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 190–3.Google Scholar
  480. [2]
    F. S. Chen.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 3389–96.Google Scholar
  481. [3]
    L. G. van Uitert, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, C. D. Capio, E. F. Dearborn, W. A. Bonner.: Mater. Res. Bull. 3 1968 47–57, 50.Google Scholar
  482. [4]
    W. Primak, T. T. Anderson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 4745–6.Google Scholar
  483. [5]
    H. J. Levinstein, A. A. Ballman, R. T. Denton, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 3101–2.Google Scholar
  484. [6]
    R. G. Smith, D. B. Fraser, R. T. Denton, T. C. Rich.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 4600–2.7 K. Nassau, M. E. Lines.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 533–7.Google Scholar
  485. [8]
    W. D. Johnston.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 3279–85.Google Scholar
  486. [9]
    G. E. Peterson, A. M. Glass, T. J. Negran.: Appl. Phys. Letters 19 1971 130–2.Google Scholar
  487. [10]
    W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8, 307.Google Scholar
  488. [11]
    F. Micheron, G. Bismuth.: Opt. Commun. 3 1971 390–4.Google Scholar
  489. [12]
    A. Hordvik, H. Schlossberg.: Appl. Phys. Letters 20 1972 197–9.Google Scholar
  490. [13]
    F. S. Chen, J. T. LaMacchia, D. B. Fraser.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 223–5.Google Scholar
  491. [14]
    M. Chomat.: Elektrotech. Casopis 21 1970 760–4; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 118 331.Google Scholar
  492. [15]
    J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 540–2.Google Scholar
  493. [16]
    J. J. Amodei.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 22–4.Google Scholar
  494. [17]
    D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei.: J. Appl. Phys. 43 1972 1042–9.Google Scholar
  495. [18]
    F. Micheron, G. Bismuth.: Rev. Sci. Instr. 43 1972 292–3, C.A. 76 1972 Nr. 9 2905.Google Scholar
  496. [1]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2096–9, 2105–6.Google Scholar
  497. [2]
    J. F. Nye.: Physical Properties of Crystals, Oxford 1967, S. 250–1.Google Scholar
  498. [1]
    V. V. Kludzin.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 651–3; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 13 1971 540–1.Google Scholar
  499. [2]
    V. V. Lemanov, O. V. Shakin, G. A. Smolenskii.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 13 1971 533–5; Soviet Phys.Solid State 13 1971 426–8.Google Scholar
  500. [3]
    R. W. Dixon.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 5149–53.Google Scholar
  501. [4]
    W. T. Maloney, R. L. Gravel.: Proc. IEEE 57 1969 1332–3.Google Scholar
  502. [5]
    R. W. Dixon, M. G. Cohen.: Appl. Phys. Letters 8 1966 205–7.Google Scholar
  503. [6]
    J. Reintjes, M. B. Schulz.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 5254–8.Google Scholar
  504. [7]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2098–9.Google Scholar
  505. [8]
    R. G. Usmanov, V. A. Pirozhkov.: Ukr. Fiz. Zh. 16 1971 1023–5; C.A. 75 1971 Nr. 12 2189.Google Scholar
  506. [9]
    R. V. Schmidt.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 369–71.Google Scholar
  507. [10]
    W. D. Fountain.: Appl. Opt. 10 1971 972–3.Google Scholar
  508. [11]
    J. P. Deroyon, P. Thery.: J. Phys. Paris 32 1971 579–82.Google Scholar
  509. [1]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2098.Google Scholar
  510. [2]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2 1966 69–70.Google Scholar
  511. [3]
    A. S. Vasilevskaya, A. S. Sonin, I. S. Rez, T. A. Plotinskaya.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1159–60; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1178–80.Google Scholar
  512. [1]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108, 2096–107.Google Scholar
  513. [2]
    V. V. Lemanov, O. V. Shakin.: Pis’ma Zh. Eksperim. i Teor. Fiz. 13 1971 549–53; C.A. 75 1971 Nr. 55602.Google Scholar
  514. [3]
    E. Bridoux, M. Delannoy, M. Moriamez, J. M. Rouvaen.: Compt. Rend. B 272 1971 717–9.Google Scholar
  515. [4]
    R. P. Hilberg, W. R. Hook.: Appl. Opt. 9 1970 1939–40.Google Scholar
  516. [5]
    S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 325–6.Google Scholar
  517. [6]
    R. W. Dixon.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 5149–53.Google Scholar
  518. [7]
    E. G. H. Lean, C. F. Quate, H. J. Shaw.: Appl. Phys. Letters 10 1967 48–51.Google Scholar
  519. [8]
    A. Ishida, M. Sumi.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 252–3.Google Scholar
  520. [9]
    W. Primak, T. T. Anderson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 4745–6.Google Scholar
  521. [10]
    W. Primak, T. T. Anderson, S. L. Halverson.: Nucl. Technol. 10 1971 76–84, 79–81; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 70182.Google Scholar
  522. [1]
    R. C. Miller.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 15–9.Google Scholar
  523. [2]
    R. C. Miller.: Appt. Phys. Letters 5 1964 17–9.Google Scholar
  524. [3]
    G. C. Baldwin.: An Introduction to Nonlinear Optics, New York 1969.Google Scholar
  525. [4]
    R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, C. C. Wang.: Proc. IEEE 54 1966 1357–74.Google Scholar
  526. [5]
    K. Gürs.: Laser, Frankfurt a. M. 1970, S. 105–18.Google Scholar
  527. [6]
    G. Grau.: in: W. Kleen, R. Müller, Laser, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York 1969, S. 529–41.Google Scholar
  528. [7]
    N. Bloembergen.: Nonlinear Optics, New York–Amsterdam 1965.Google Scholar
  529. [8]
    S. E. Harris.: Proc. IEEE 57 1969 2096–2113.Google Scholar
  530. [9]
    R. L. Byer, S. E. Harris.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1064–8.Google Scholar
  531. [10]
    G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3597–3639.Google Scholar
  532. [11]
    G. D. Boyd, A. Ashkin.: Phys. Rev. 2 146 1966 187–98.Google Scholar
  533. [12]
    R. C. Miller, W. A. Nordland, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 4145–7.Google Scholar
  534. [1]
    T. Mitsui.: in: Landolt-Börnstein, Neue Serie, Gruppe Ill, Bd.3, 1969, S. 4.Google Scholar
  535. [2]
    A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic.: Phys. Rev. Letters 11 1963 14–7.Google Scholar
  536. [3]
    J. E. Bjorkholm, A. E. Sieg-man.: Phys. Rev. 2 154 1967 851–60, 853.Google Scholar
  537. [4]
    F. N. H. Robinson.: Bell System Tech. J. 46 1967 913–56.Google Scholar
  538. [5]
    H. Hirano.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 8 1969 399.Google Scholar
  539. [6]
    R. C. Miller, W. A. Nordland.: Phys. Rev. B 3 2 1970 4896–902, 4899; Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 174–6; Opt. Commun. 1 1970 400–2.Google Scholar
  540. [7]
    R. C. Miller, W. A. Nordland, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 4145–7.Google Scholar
  541. [8]
    G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, A. Savage.: Appt. Phys. Letters 5 1964 234–6.Google Scholar
  542. [9]
    R. C. Miller, A. Savage.: Appt. Phys. Letters 9 1966 169–71; Proc. Intern. Meeting Ferroelec., Prague 1966, Bd. 1, S. 405–12, 408.Google Scholar
  543. [10]
    J. E. Bjorkholm.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4 1968 970–2.Google Scholar
  544. [11]
    R. L. Byer, S. E. Harris.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1064–8.Google Scholar
  545. [12]
    G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3597–3639, 3617.Google Scholar
  546. [13]
    W. F. Hagen, P. C. Magnante.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 219–24.Google Scholar
  547. [14]
    R. G. Smith, K. Nassau, M. F. Galvin.: Appt. Phys. Letters 7 1965 256–8.Google Scholar
  548. [15]
    S. K. Kurtz, T. T. Perry.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3798–813.Google Scholar
  549. [16]
    M. DiDomenico, S. H. Wemple.: Appt. Phys. Letters 12 1968 352–5; J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 720–34, 729–32.Google Scholar
  550. [17]
    D. N. Klyshko, D. P. Krindach.: Opt. i Spektroskopija 26 1969 981–5; Opt. Spectry. USSR 26 1965 532–4.Google Scholar
  551. [1]
    D. A. Kleinman, R. C. Miller.: Phys. Rev. 2 148 1966 302–12, 308–11.Google Scholar
  552. [2]
    M. W. McGeoch, R. C. Smith.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6 1970 203–5.Google Scholar
  553. [3]
    R. L. Byer, J. F. Young, R. S. Feigelson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2320–5.Google Scholar
  554. [4]
    F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2564–76, 2566.Google Scholar
  555. [5]
    M. V. Hobden, J. Warner.: Phys. Letters 22 1966 243–4.Google Scholar
  556. [6]
    F. Davidson, J. Klebba, C. Laurence, F. Tittel.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 117–20.Google Scholar
  557. [7]
    M. DiDomenico, S. H. Wemple.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 352–5.Google Scholar
  558. [8]
    M. DiDomenico, S. H. Wemple.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 720–34.Google Scholar
  559. [9]
    S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 735–52, 748–50.Google Scholar
  560. [1]
    H. Hirano.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 90–2.Google Scholar
  561. [2]
    G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 5 1964 234–6.Google Scholar
  562. [3]
    G. D. Boyd, A. Ashkin.: Phys. Rev. 2 146 1966 187–98, 192.Google Scholar
  563. [4]
    R. C. Miller, G. D. Boyd, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 6 1965 77–9.Google Scholar
  564. [1]
    E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 5618–34.Google Scholar
  565. [2]
    J. G. Bergman, A. Ashkin, A. A. Ballman, J. M. Dziedzic, H. J. Levinstein, R. G. Smith.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 92–4.Google Scholar
  566. [3]
    R. L. Byer, J. F. Young, R. S. Feigelson.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2320–5. -Google Scholar
  567. [4]
    F. Davidson, J. Klebba, C. Laurence, F. Tittel.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 117–20.Google Scholar
  568. W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8, 302–3, 305.Google Scholar
  569. F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 2564–76, 2566.Google Scholar
  570. [6]
    P. M. Bridenbaugh, J. R. Carruthers, J. M. Dziedzic, F. R. Nash.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970Google Scholar
  571. [104-]
    P. M. Bridenbaugh, J. R. Carruthers, J. M. Dziedzic, F. R. Nash.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970Google Scholar
  572. [7]
    J. E. Midwinter.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3033–8.Google Scholar
  573. [8]
    G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, H. L. Carter.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 1941–3.Google Scholar
  574. [9]
    D. A. Kleinman, R. C. Miller.: Phys. Rev. 2 148 1966 302–12, 310.Google Scholar
  575. [10]
    M. W. McGeoch, R. C. Smith.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6 1970 203–5.Google Scholar
  576. [11]
    H. Fay, W. J. Alford, H. M. Dess.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 89–92.- 12 H. Tsuya, Y. Fujino.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 10 1971 1509–12.Google Scholar
  577. [1]
    G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough.: Appt. Phys. Letters 18 1971 576–9.Google Scholar
  578. [2]
    J. E. Midwinter.: Appl. Phys. Letters 11 1967 128–30.Google Scholar
  579. [3]
    J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz.: Appt. Phys. Letters 18 1971 70–3.Google Scholar
  580. [4]
    R. G. Smith, K. Nassau, M. F. Galvin.: Appl. Phys. Letters 7 1965 256–8.Google Scholar
  581. [5]
    B. H. Soffer, I. M. Winer.: Phys. Letters A 24 1967 282–3.Google Scholar
  582. [6]
    W. F. Hagen, P. C. Magnante.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 219–24.Google Scholar
  583. [7]
    W. Kleen, R. Müller.: Laser, Berlin -Google Scholar
  584. Heidelberg -Google Scholar
  585. New York 1969, S. 117, 271.Google Scholar
  586. [8]
    L. M. Osterink, J. D. Foster.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 4163–5.Google Scholar
  587. [9]
    J. Comly, E. Garmire.: Appt. Phys. Letters 12 1968 7–9.Google Scholar
  588. [10]
    S. L. Shapiro.: Appt. Phys. Letters 13 1968 19–21.Google Scholar
  589. [11]
    H. E. Bates.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61 1971 904–9.Google Scholar
  590. [1]
    B. N. Morozov, V. M. Nesterenko.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 10 1968 1833–5; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 10 1968 1442–4.Google Scholar
  591. [2]
    P. N. Zanadvorov, V. M. Moldavskaya, V. M. Zhukov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 1418–9; Soviet. Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 1156–7.Google Scholar
  592. [3]
    F. Butyagin, V. G. Dmitriev, V. A. Kolosov.: Zh. Prikl. Spektroskopii 10 1969 453–7.Google Scholar
  593. [1]
    J. E. Midwinter, J. Warner.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 519–23.Google Scholar
  594. [2]
    J. E. Midwinter, J. Warner.: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 2 12 1967 61.Google Scholar
  595. [3]
    J. E. Midwinter.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 68–70.Google Scholar
  596. [4]
    J. E. Midwinter.: Appl. Phys. Letters 14 1969 29–32.Google Scholar
  597. [5]
    V. P. Klyuev, D. I. Mash, V. V. Morozov, D. N. Nikogosyan, A. N. Oraevskii.: Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1970 Nr. 5, S. 38–42; C. A. 74 1971 Nr. 36513.Google Scholar
  598. [6]
    Won K. Ng, E. J. Woodbury.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 550–2.Google Scholar
  599. [7]
    R. C. Miller, G. D. Boyd, A. Savage.: Appl. Phys. Letters 6 1965 77–9.Google Scholar
  600. [8]
    R. A. Andrews.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6 1970 68–80.Google Scholar
  601. [1]
    G. D. Boyd, A. Ashkin.: Phys. Rev. 2 146 1966 187–98, 191.Google Scholar
  602. [2]
    G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, H. L. Carter.: J. Appl. Phys. 38 1967 1941–3.Google Scholar
  603. [3]
    T. Yajima, N. Takeuchi.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 9 1970 1361–71, 1367–70.Google Scholar
  604. [4]
    C. F. Dewey, L. O. Hocker.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 58–60.Google Scholar
  605. [5]
    S. A. Akhmanov, G. V. Venkin, B. V. Zubov, R. V. Khokhlov.: Zh. Eksperim. i Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma v Redaktsiyu 4 1966 22–6; C.A. 66 1967 Nr. 60453.Google Scholar
  606. 6 J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 145–7.Google Scholar
  607. [1]
    S. E. Harris.: Proc. IEEE 57 1969 2096–113.Google Scholar
  608. [2]
    G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3597–639.Google Scholar
  609. [3]
    G. D. Boyd, A. Ashkin.: Phys. Rev. 2 146 1966 187–98.Google Scholar
  610. [1]
    G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3597–639, 3617.Google Scholar
  611. [2]
    E. O. Ammann, M. K. Oshman, J. D. Foster, J. M. Yarborough.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 131–3.Google Scholar
  612. [3]
    J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 145–7.Google Scholar
  613. [4]
    G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 576–9.Google Scholar
  614. [1]
    L. B. Kreuzer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 10 1967 336–8.Google Scholar
  615. [2]
    L. B. Kreuzer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 263–5.Google Scholar
  616. [3]
    J. E. Bjorkholm.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 53–6.Google Scholar
  617. [4]
    J. E. Bjorkholm.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 399–401.Google Scholar
  618. [5]
    J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 171–3.Google Scholar
  619. [6]
    J. Falk, J. E. Murray.: Appl. Phys. Letters 14 1969 245–7.Google Scholar
  620. [7]
    A. Hordvik, H. Schlossberg.: Appl. Phys. Letters 20 1972 197–9.Google Scholar
  621. [8]
    J. Gelbwachs, R. H. Pantell, H. E. Puthoff, J. M. Yarborough.: Appl. Phys. Letters 14 1969 258–62.Google Scholar
  622. [9]
    J. M. Yarborough, S. S. Sussman, H. E. Puthoff, R. H. Pantell, B. C. Johnson.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 102–5.Google Scholar
  623. [10]
    B. C. JohnsonGoogle Scholar
  624. H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, S. S. Sussman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 181–3.Google Scholar
  625. [11]
    S. K. Kurtz, J. A. Giordmaine.: Phys. Rev. Letters 22 1969 192–5.Google Scholar
  626. [12]
    W. D. JohnstonGoogle Scholar
  627. I. P. Kaminow, J. G. Bergman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 190–3.Google Scholar
  628. [1]
    R. W. Wallace.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 497–9.Google Scholar
  629. [2]
    L. B. Kreuzer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 57–9.Google Scholar
  630. [3]
    R. C. Miller, W. A. Nordland.: Appl. Phys. Letters 10 1967 53–5. -Google Scholar
  631. [4]
    J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller.: Phys. Rev. Letters 14 1965 973–6; Phys. Quantum Electron. Conf. Proc., San Juan, P. R., 1965 1966, S. 31–42; C.A. 67 1967 Nr. 16602.Google Scholar
  632. [5]
    J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller.: Appt. Phys. Letters 9 1966 298–300.Google Scholar
  633. [1]
    P. M. Bridenbaugh, J. R. Carruthers, J. M. Dziedzic, F. R. Nash.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 104–6.Google Scholar
  634. [2]
    G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 3597–639, 3616–7.Google Scholar
  635. [3]
    R. L. Byer, A. Kovrigin, J. F. Young.: Appl. Phys. Letters 15 1969 136–7.Google Scholar
  636. [4]
    R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 109–11.Google Scholar
  637. [5]
    T. G Giallorenzi, C. L. Tang.: Phys. Rev. 2 184 1969 353–5.Google Scholar
  638. [6]
    D. P. Krindach, L. M. Krol.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 30 1971 140–2; Opt. Spectry. USSR 30 1971 73–5.Google Scholar
  639. [7]
    R. L. Byer, S. E. Harris.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1064–8.Google Scholar
  640. [8]
    D. N. Klyshko, D. P. Krindach.: Opt. i Spektroskopiya 26 1969 981–5; Opt. Spectry. USSR 26 1969 532–4.Google Scholar
  641. [9]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1045–54, 1050–1.Google Scholar
  642. [1]
    J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 145–7.Google Scholar
  643. [2]
    E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk.: J. Appl. Phys. 42 1971 5618–34.Google Scholar
  644. [1]
    I. P. Kaminow, E. H. Turner.: Appl. Opt. 5 1966 1612–28; Proc. IEEE 54 1966 1374–90.Google Scholar
  645. [2]
    E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Baliman.: Proc. IEEE 55 1967 2074–108.Google Scholar
  646. [3]
    R. Bechmann.: in: Landolt-Börnstein, Neue Serie, Gruppe III, Bd. 1, 1966, S. 124–30.Google Scholar
  647. [4]
    R. Müller.: in: W. Kleen, R. Müller, Laser, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York 1969, S. 423–58.Google Scholar
  648. [5]
    J. E. Midwinter.: Appl. Phys. Letters 11 1967 128–30.Google Scholar
  649. [1]
    M. DiDomenico, S. H. Wemple.: J.Appl. Phys. 40 1969 720–34, 727–9.— 2 S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, I. Camlibel.: Appt. Phys. Letters 12 1968 209–11.Google Scholar
  650. [3]
    J. D. Zook, D. Chen, G. N. Otto.: Appl. Phys. 11 1967 159–61.Google Scholar
  651. [4]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kubota.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1419–22.Google Scholar
  652. [5]
    L. B. Meisner, I. S. Rez.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1969 2931–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 2374–80, 2377.Google Scholar
  653. [1]
    G. E. Peterson, A. A. Ballman, P. V. Lenzo, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: Appl. Phys. Letters 5 1964 62–4.Google Scholar
  654. [2]
    P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, K. Nassau.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56 1966 633–5.Google Scholar
  655. [3]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: Electron. Letters 5 1969 171–2.Google Scholar
  656. [4]
    H. Fay.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59 1969 1399–404.Google Scholar
  657. [5]
    L. B. Kreuzer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 10 1967 336–8.Google Scholar
  658. [6]
    Institute of Radio Engineers.: IRE Standards an Piezoelectric Crystals 1949, Proc. IRE 37 1949 1378–95.Google Scholar
  659. [7]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kubota.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1419–22.Google Scholar
  660. [8]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  661. [1]
    J. D. Zook, D. Chen, G. N. Otto.: Appt. Phys. Letters 11 1967 159–61.Google Scholar
  662. [2]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  663. [3]
    E. H. Turner, F. R. Nash, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 5278–81.Google Scholar
  664. [4]
    E. H. Turner.: Appl. Phys. Letters 8 1966 303–4.Google Scholar
  665. [1]
    J. D. Zook, D. Chen, G. N. Otto.: Appl. Phys. Letters 11 1967 159–61.Google Scholar
  666. [2]
    P. H. Smakula, P. C. Claspy.: Trans. AIME 239 1967 421–4.Google Scholar
  667. [3]
    P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, K. Nassau.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56 1966 633–5.Google Scholar
  668. [4]
    M. B. Davies, P. H. Sarkies, J. K. Wright.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4 1968 533–5.Google Scholar
  669. [5]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  670. [6]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kobuta.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1419–22.Google Scholar
  671. [7]
    E. Bernal, G. D. Chen, T. C. Lee.: Phys. Letters 21 1966 259–60.Google Scholar
  672. [8]
    G. V. Ageev, R.P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuk u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2nd Vses. Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 211–7; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  673. [9]
    E. H. Turner.: Appl. Phys. Letters 8 1966 303–4.Google Scholar
  674. [10]
    W. D. Fountain.: Appl. Opt. 10 1971 972–3.Google Scholar
  675. [1]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  676. [2]
    E. H. Turner.: Appl. Phys. Letters 8 1966 303–4.Google Scholar
  677. [3]
    E. H. Turner, F. R. Nash, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 5278–81.Google Scholar
  678. [4]
    J. D. Zook, D. Chen, G. N. Otto.: Appl. Phys. Letters 11 1967 159–61.Google Scholar
  679. [1]
    E. Bernal, G. D. Chen, T. C. Lee.: Phys. Letters 21 1966 259–60.Google Scholar
  680. [2]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  681. [3]
    E. H. Turner.: Appl. Phys. Letters 8 1966 303–4.Google Scholar
  682. [4]
    G. V. Ageev, R. P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuck u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2nd Vses. Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 211–7; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  683. [1]
    H. Hirano.: J. Phys. Soc. J.pan Suppl. 28 1970 90–2; Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 8 1969 399.Google Scholar
  684. [2]
    G. V. Ageev, R. P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuk u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2nd Vses. Sovshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 211–7; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  685. [3]
    P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, K. Nassau.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56 1966 633–5.Google Scholar
  686. [4]
    E. Bernal, G. D. Chen, T. C. Lee.: Phys. Letters 21 1966 259–60.Google Scholar
  687. [5]
    P. H. Smakula, P. C. Claspy.: Trans. AIME 239 1967 421–4.Google Scholar
  688. [1]
    E. A. Vinogradov, N. A. Prisova, G. V. Kozlov.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 781–4; Soviet Phys.Solid State 12 1970 605–7.Google Scholar
  689. [2]
    P. H. Smakula, P. C. Claspy.: Trans. Al M E 239 1967 421–4. -3 M. B. Davies, P. H. Sarkies, J. K. Wright.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4 1968 533–5.Google Scholar
  690. [4]
    H. Iwasaki, H. Toyoda, N. Niizeki, H. Kubota.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 1419–22.Google Scholar
  691. [5]
    G. V. Ageev, R. P. Bashuk, A. S. Bebchuk u. a..: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. Vses. 2nd Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 211–7; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 43934.Google Scholar
  692. [6]
    A. S. Vasilevskaya, A. S. Sonin, I. S. Rez, T. A. Plotinskaya.: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1159–60; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1178–80.Google Scholar
  693. [7]
    N. Ya. Zakharova, Yu. S. Kuz’minov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 5 1969 1086–90; Inorg. Materials USSR 5 1969 922–5.Google Scholar
  694. [8]
    I. P. Kaminow, W. D. Johnston.: Phys. Rev. 2 160 1967 519–22.Google Scholar
  695. [1]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: J. Phys. C 2 1969 855–7.Google Scholar
  696. [2]
    A. A. Zhashkov, V. M. Pankratov, A. M. Moiya, V. G. Somov.: Kvantovaya Elektron$11 1971 147–8 nach C.A. 75 1971 Nr. 9 2272.Google Scholar
  697. [3]
    K. F. Hulme, P. H. Davies, V. M. Cound.: Electron. Letters 5 1969 171–2.Google Scholar
  698. [4]
    K. F. Hulme.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7 1971 236–7.Google Scholar
  699. [5]
    P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, K. Nassau.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56 1966 633–5.Google Scholar
  700. 6 H. Hirano.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 8 1969 399; J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 90–2.- Google Scholar
  701. [7]
    E. H. Turner, F. R. Nash, P. M. Bridenbaugh.: J. Appl. Phys. 41 1970 5278–81.Google Scholar
  702. [8]
    M. B. Davies, P. H. Sarkies, J. K. Wright.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4 1968 533–5.Google Scholar
  703. [9]
    A. S. Vasilevskaya, A. S. Sonin, I. S. Rez, T. A. Plotinskaya.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1159–60; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1178–80.Google Scholar
  704. [10]
    W. Bollmann, M. Gernand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8.Google Scholar
  705. [1]
    I. P. Kaminow, W. D. Johnston.: Phys. Rev. 2 160 1967 519–22.Google Scholar
  706. [2]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. Kaminow.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 19681045–54, 1050–1.Google Scholar
  707. [3]
    L. B. Meisner, I. S. Rez.: Fiz. Tverd.Google Scholar
  708. Tela 11 1969 2931–8; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1969 2374–80, 2377.Google Scholar
  709. [4]
    C. G. B. Garret.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4 1968 70–84.Google Scholar
  710. [5]
    F. N. H. Robinson.: Bell System Tech. J. 46 1967 913–56, 952.Google Scholar
  711. [6]
    R. A. Soref.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5 1969 126–9.Google Scholar
  712. [7]
    M. DiDomenico, S. H. Wemple.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 720–34.Google Scholar
  713. [8]
    S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 735–52, 735–48.Google Scholar
  714. [1]
    I. P. Kaminow, E. H. Turner.: Appl. Opt. 5 1966 1612–28; Proc. IEEE 54 1966 1374–90.Google Scholar
  715. [2]
    Z. Cuchy, J. Landovsky.: Krist. Tech. 6 1971 563–72.Google Scholar
  716. [3]
    K. F. Hulme.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7 1971 236–7.Google Scholar
  717. [4]
    S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico.: J. Appl. Phys. 40 1969 735–52, 735–48.Google Scholar
  718. [5]
    R. P. Hilberg, W. R. Hook.: Appl. Opt. 9 1970 1939–40.Google Scholar
  719. [6]
    V. A. Gusev, V. S. Sidorenko, A. A. Solomko.: Radiotekhn. i Elektron. 16 1971 1994–5; C.A. 76 1972 Nr. 39994.Google Scholar
  720. [7]
    V. I. Zhekov, L. A. Kulevskii, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, V. V. Smirnov.: Radiotekhn. i Elektron. 15 1970 2130–3; C.A. 74 1971 Nr. 17931.Google Scholar
  721. [8]
    D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6 1970 673–7.Google Scholar
  722. [9]
    L. M. Osterink, J. M. Foster.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 4163–5.Google Scholar
  723. [10]
    H. G. Danielmeyer, E. H. Turner.: Appl. Phys. Letters 17 1970 519–21.Google Scholar
  724. [11]
    I. P. Kaminow, W. M. Sharpless.: Appl. Opt. 6 1967 351–2.Google Scholar
  725. [12]
    K. K. Chow, W. B. Leonard.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6 1970 789–93.Google Scholar
  726. [13]
    I. P. Kaminow, T. J. Bridges, M. A. Pollack.: Appl. Phys. Letters 16 1970 416–8.Google Scholar
  727. [14]
    J. M. Hammer.: Appl. Phys. Letters 18 1971 147–9.Google Scholar
  728. [15]
    L. M. Osterink, R. Targ.: Appl. Phys. Letters 10 1967 115–7.Google Scholar
  729. [16]
    J. P. Campbell, W. H. Steiner.: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7 1971 450–7.Google Scholar
  730. [1]
    J. D. Axe, D. F. O’Kane.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 58–60.Google Scholar
  731. [2]
    J. D. Axe, D. F. O’Kane.: Appl. Phys. Letters 9 1966 253.Google Scholar
  732. [3]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45, 435.Google Scholar
  733. [4]
    S. D. Ross.: J. Phys. C 3 1970 1785–90.Google Scholar
  734. [5]
    H. E. Puthoff, R. H. Pantell, B. G. Huth, M. A. Chacon.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 2144–6.Google Scholar
  735. [1]
    R. F. Schaufele, M. J. Weber.: Phys. Rev. 2 152 1966 705–8.Google Scholar
  736. [2]
    A. S. Barker, R. Loudon.: Phys. Rev. 2 158 1967 433–45, 436–40.Google Scholar
  737. [3]
    H. E. Puthoff, R. H. Pantell, B. G. Huth, M.A. Chacon.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 2144–6.Google Scholar
  738. [4]
    S. D. Ross.: J. Phys. C 3 1970 1785–90. —5 H. Hirano.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan Suppl. 28 1970 90–2.Google Scholar
  739. [6]
    I. P. Kaminow, W. D. Johnston.: Phys. Rev. 2 160 1967 519–22.Google Scholar
  740. [7]
    W. D. JohnstonGoogle Scholar
  741. I. P. Kaminow.: Phys. Rev. 2 168 1968 1045–54, 1049–52.Google Scholar
  742. [8]
    W. D. Johnston, I. P. KaminowGoogle Scholar
  743. J. G. Bergman.: Appl. Phys. Letters 13 1968 190–3.Google Scholar
  744. [9]
    V. V. Obukhovskii, H. Ponath, V. L. Strizhevskii.: Phys. Status Solidi 41 1970 847–54.Google Scholar
  745. [10]
    M. Rokni, L. S. Wall, E. Amzallag, T. S. Chang.: Solid State Commun. 10 1972 103–5.Google Scholar
  746. [11]
    S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico.: Light Scattering Spectra Solids Proc. Intern. Conf., New York 1968 1969, S. 65–74.Google Scholar
  747. [1]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 12 1970 128–31; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 12 1970 101–3.Google Scholar
  748. [2]
    D. F. Kiselev, T. M. Glushkova, M. M. Kirsova.: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11 1970 3592–4; Soviet Phys.-Solid State 11 1970 3007–9.Google Scholar
  749. [3]
    M. A. Bol’shov.: Nelineinaya Opt. Tr. 2nd Vses. Soveshch., Novosibirsk 1966 1968, S. 985–7; C.A. 71 1969 Nr. 86504.Google Scholar
  750. [4]
    Z. M. Khashkhozhev, V. V. Lemanov, R. V. Pisarev.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 987–90; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 911–5.Google Scholar
  751. [1]
    M. A. Pchelkina, A. V. Lapitskii.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 24 1954 1101–4; J. Gen. Chem. USSR 24 1954 1097–9.Google Scholar
  752. [2]
    M. M. Pinaeva-Strelina, I. A. Dmitriev.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Neorgan. Materialy 2 1966 1248–53; Inorg. Materials USSR 2 1966 1065–9.Google Scholar
  753. [3]
    A. V. Lapitskii, L. N. Shishkina, M. A. Pchelkina, B. A. Stepanov.: Zh. Obshch. Khim. 25 1955 1862–6;Google Scholar
  754. J. Gen. Chem. USSR 25 1955 1805–9.Google Scholar
  755. [4]
    A. V. Lapitskii, B. V. Strizhkov, L. G. Vlasov.: Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. II Khim. 15 1960 Nr. 4, S. 25–7; C.A. 1961 1 2019.Google Scholar
  756. [5]
    W. Bollmann, M. Ger-nand.: Phys. Status Solidi A 9 1972 301–8, 303.Google Scholar
  757. [6]
    R. G. Smith, D. B. Fraser, R. T. Denton, T. C. Rich.: J. Appl. Phys. 39 1968 4600–2.Google Scholar
  758. [7]
    H. Fay, W. J. Alford, H. M. Dess.: Appl. Phys. Letters 12 1968 89–92.Google Scholar
  759. [8]
    L. M. Guseva, V. P. Klyuev, I. S. Rez, S. A. Fedulov, A. P. Lyubimov, Z. I. Tatarov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 31 1967 1161–3; Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 31 1967 1181–3.Google Scholar
  760. [9]
    A. V. Lapitskii, E. P. Artamonova.: Zh. Neorgan. Khim. 2 1957 820–5; Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 2 Nr. 4 1957 169–78, 171.Google Scholar
  761. [10]
    V. S. Postnikov, L. D. Kaverin, V. S. Pavlov, S. K. Turkov.: lzv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 35 1971 1918–20; Bull. Acad. S.i. USSR Phys. Ser. 35 1971 1741–6.Google Scholar
  762. [11]
    P. J. Jorgensen, R. W. Bartlett.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30 1969 2639–48, 2645–7.Google Scholar
  763. [12]
    S. C. Abrahams, H. J. Levinstein. J. M. Reddy.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27 1966 1019–26, 1019.Google Scholar
  764. [13]
    N. Niizeki, T. Yamada, H. Toyoda.: Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 6 1967 318–27, 319.Google Scholar
  765. [1]
    D. P. den Os.: Proefschr. Leiden 1962, S. 1–41, 21.Google Scholar
  766. [2]
    J.-E. Guerchais, J. Dehand, M.-P. Aufranc, R. Rohmer.: Compt. Rend. 261 1965 2907–10.Google Scholar
  767. [3]
    A. V. Lapitskii, Yu. P. Simanov.: Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. Fiz. Mat. i Estestv. Nauk 1954 Nr. 1, S. 69–72; C.A. 1955 2241.Google Scholar
  768. [4]
    P. Süe.: Ann. Chim. Paris 11 7 1937 493–592, 514.Google Scholar
  769. [5]
    G. Blasse.: Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem. 326 1963 44–6.Google Scholar
  770. [6]
    J. C. Grenier, C. Martin, A. Durif.: Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 87 1964 316–20.Google Scholar
  771. [1]
    J. C. Grenier, C. Martin, A. Durif.: Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 87 1964 316–20.Google Scholar
  772. [2]
    C. D. Whiston, A. J. Smith.: Acta Cryst. 19 1965 169–73.Google Scholar
  773. [3]
    G. Blasse.: Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem. 326 1963 44–6.Google Scholar
  774. [4]
    A. V. Lapitskii, Yu. P. Simanov.: Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. Fiz. Mat. i Estestven. Nauk 1954 Nr. 1, S. 69–72; C.A. 1955 Nr. 2241.Google Scholar
  775. [5]
    J. C. Grenier, G. Bassi.: Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 88 1965 345–6.Google Scholar
  776. [6]
    G. Blasse.: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 26 1964 1191–9.Google Scholar
  777. [7]
    J.-E. Guerchais, J. Dehand, M.-P. Aufranc, R. Rohmer.: Compt. Rend. 261 1965 2907–10.Google Scholar
  778. [1]
    R. Scholder, H. Gläser.: Z. Anorg. Al!gem. Chem. 327 1964 15–27, 21.Google Scholar
  779. [2]
    J. Hauck.: Z. Naturforsch. 24 b 1969 645–7.Google Scholar
  780. [3]
    J. Hauck.: Z. Naturforsch. 24 b 1969 1067–8.Google Scholar
  781. [4]
    J. Hauck.: Z. Naturforsch. 24b 1969 1349–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Lehl

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations