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Tin pp 80-95 | Cite as

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

  • R. Smith
Chapter
Part of the Handbuch der Analytischen Chemie / Handbook of Analytical Chemistry book series (HAC, volume 3 / 4 / 4a / 4a g)

Abstract

Table 1 shows the main absorption wavelengths for tin [1 – 3] and their sensitivity (concentration of tin in µg/ml required to give 1 % absorption). It will be seen from Table 1 that some of the secondary absorption lines do not originate in the 3P0 ground state but in the thermally-populated 3P1,2 levels. This is shown with the aid of a Grotrian diagram in Fig. 1. On increasing flame temperature, for example by using a N2O/acetylene flame, it should be possible to deplete the 3P0 ground state population and increase the 3P1, 3P2 populations. As a result, the variation of tin absorbance with flame type is a rather complex relationship depending on the particular flame and on the wavelength of observation. This effect has been studied in detail by Rubeska [4] and Capacho-Delgado and Manning [5], and to some extent explains the unusually large enhancement of resonance line absorption when lower temperature flames are used (Table 2).
Table 1

Characteristic. Wavelengths for the Atomic Absorption of Tin [f is the absorption oscillator strength]

Wavelength [1] (nm)

Energy Levels [2, 3] (eV)

Spectral Terms [1]

f [2]

Sensitivity [2, 3](µg/m1/%)

224.61

233.48

235.48

266.12

286.33

0–5.518

0.210–5.518

0.210–5.473

0.210–4.867

0–4.329

3P03D1

3P13D1

3P13D2

3P13D1

3P03D1

0.41

0.27

0.23

1.1

1.7

2.2

46

1.8

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

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  • R. Smith

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