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Tin pp 12-42 | Cite as

Volumetric Analysis

  • R. Smith
Chapter
Part of the Handbuch der Analytischen Chemie / Handbook of Analytical Chemistry book series (HAC, volume 3 / 4 / 4a / 4a g)

Abstract

The early development of volumetric methods was largely a result of the need of mining assayers during the nineteenth century to improve their unselective and variable dry assay procedures. Lenssen [1] in 1859 titrated stannous solutions against iodine in an alkaline tartrate solution, Benas [2] found that accurate results with the iodimetric titration could only be obtained in the absence of air, while Borgmann [3] claimed that iodides present in the assay solution catalysed the oxidation of stannous chloride by dissolved oxygen. The acceptance of the wet assay was by no means universal. Crookes [4] in his ‘Select Methods in Chemical Analysis’ published in 1871 offers no volumetric methods for tin, whereas Parry [5] writing in 1906 recommended the wet assay as being more reliable than dry methods for the valuation of tin ores. Parry gave six titrants for the tin assay: FeCl3, Acid I2, alkaline I2, KMnO4, K2Cr2O7 and K4Fe(CN)6.

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  • R. Smith

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