Tin pp 1-2 | Cite as


  • J. W. Price
Part of the Handbuch der Analytischen Chemie / Handbook of Analytical Chemistry book series (HAC, volume 3 / 4 / 4a / 4a g)


Tin does not occur naturally as metal, but is found associated with granitic rock as the mineral cassiterite, SnO2, most of the tin now being found in unconsolidated deposits consisting of gravels, sands and clay resulting from the denudation of tin-bearing rocks. Mining of these deposite is carried out by dredging or hydraulically with high-pressure water jets. Hard rock deposits occur in Bolivia, Australia, South Africa and Cornwall, the cassiterite being present as lodes or veins in the rock and these are worked by sinking vertical shafts and driving tunnels at different levels; in mountainous terrain vertical shafts may be unnecessary, tunnels being driven in from the hillsides.


  1. 1.
    Mantell, C.L.: Tin, A.C.S. Monograph 51. Reinhold (1949)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wright, P.A.: The Extractive Metallurgy of Tin, Elsevier (1967)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mackey, T.S.: The Electrolytic Tin Refining Plant at Texas City, J. Metals, 22, 32 (1969)Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

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  • J. W. Price

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