Advertisement

Positioning and Anesthesia for Anorectal Surgery

  • G. Cucchia
  • A. Forster
  • M.-C. Marti
Chapter

Abstract

Good operating conditions require proper placement of the patient on the operating table and adequate anesthesia. The aim of this chapter is to emphasize the principles that must be followed to obtain good operating conditions with optimal safety.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Adler LM, Loughlin JS, Morin CJ et al (1990) Bilateral compartment syndrome after a long gynecologic operation in the lithotomy position. Am J Obstet Gynecol 162:1271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Auberger HG (1969) Praktische Lokalanasthesie: ein Kom-pendium. Thieme, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barry BA (1985) Die Lokalanasthesie bei ambulanten Ein-griffen. In: Kinoch HG, Hager TH, Frank WL (eds) Aktuelle Kolopro . Nymphenburg, MunichGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonica JJ, Akamatsu TJ, Berges PU, Morikawa K, Kennedy WF (1971) Circulatory effects of peridural block, vol 11: effects of epinephrine. Anesthesiology 34:514–522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Clery AP (1973) Local anaesthesia containing hyaluronidase and adrenaline for anorectal surgery experiences with 576 operations. Proc R Soc Med 66:680–681PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cousins MJ, Mather LE (1984) Intrathecal and epidural administration of opioids. Anesthesiology 61:276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Covino BG, Vasallo HG (1976) Local anesthetics, mechanisms of action and clinical use. Grune and Stratton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cucchiara RF, Faust RJ (1994) Patient positioning. In: Miller RD (ed) Anesthesia, 4th edn. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    De Jong RH (1978) Toxic effects of local anesthetics. JAMA 239:1166–1168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goldberg SM, Gordon PH, Nivatvongs S (1980) Essentials of anorectal surgery. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goligher J (1980) Surgery of the anus rectum and colon. Bailliere Tindall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guinard JP, Carpenter RL, Owens BD, Nadir B (1991) Comparison between ropivacaine and bupivacaine after subcutaneous injection in pigs cutaneous blood flow and surgical bleeding. Reg Anesth 16:268–271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Knoch HG (1985) Bewährte Anäthesieverfahren in der ambulanten Proktologie. In: Kinoch HG, Hager TH, Frank WL (eds) Aktuelle Koloproktologie, vol 1. Nymphenburg, MunichGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kopacz DJ, Carpenter RL, Mackey DC (1989) Effect of ropivacaine on cutaneous capillary blood flow in pigs. Anesthesiology 71:69–74PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kratzer GL (1965) Local anesthesia in anorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum 8:441–446PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Localio SA, Baron B (1973) Abdomino-sacral resection and anastomosis for mid-rectal cancer. Ann Surg 178:540–546PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McKay W, Morris R, Mushlin P (1987) Sodium bicarbonate attenuates pain on skin infiltration with lidocaine, with or without epinephrine. Anesth Analg 66:572–574PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Marti MC, Froidevaux A, Rifat K (1977) Préparation préopératoire et choix de l’anesthésie en proctologie. Med Hyg 35:2334–2338Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Marti MC (1985) Chirurgie proctologique ambulatoire. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 74:755–756PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Marti MC (1993) Anesthésie locorégionale en chirurgie proctologique. Ann Chir 47:250–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Massey Dawking CJ (1969) An analysis of the complications of extradural and caudal block. Anaesthesia 24:554–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Maze M, Tranquilli W (1991) Alpha-2 adrenoreceptor agonists: defining the role in clinical anesthesia. Anesthesiology 74:581–605PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Moore DC, Bridenbaugh LD, Thompson GE, Balfour RI, Horton WG (1978) Bupivacaine: a review of 11080 cases. Anesth Analg (Cleveland) 57:42–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Moore DC (1981) Regional block, 4th edn. Thomas, SpringfieldGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Opperbecke HW (1982) Voraussetzungen und Grenzen ambulanten Operierens aus anästhesiologischer Sicht. Anaes-thesiol Intensivmed 23:186Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pertek JP, Haberer JP (1995) Effets de I’anesthésie sur la miction et rétention argue d’urine postopératoire. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 14:340–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pittet JF (1987) Pharmacologie et toxicité des anesthésiques locaux. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 76:865–871PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sadove MS, Levin MJ (1954) Neurological complications of spinal anesthesia. A statistical study of more than 10 000 consecutive cases. IMJ 111 Med J 105:169–176Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Scott DB (1989) “Maximum recommended doses” of local anaesthetic drugs, Br J Anaesth 62:373–374PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Watson D (1993) Hyaluronidase. Br J Anaesth 71:422–425PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Cucchia
  • A. Forster
  • M.-C. Marti

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations