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Classical Relativistic Mechanics of Interacting Point Particles

  • H. Van Dam
  • E. P. Wignert
Chapter
Part of the The Scientific Papers book series (WIGNER, volume A / 3)

Abstract

The possibility of formulating a classical relativistically invariant mechanics of an arbitrary number of interacting point particles is demonstrated. This theory is similar to Newtonian mechanics inasmuch as the interaction between any pair of particles contains an arbitrary function of their distance. The conservation laws for energy and linear and angular momenta are established in the sense that the sum of these quantities for the particles entering a collision is equal to the corresponding sum for the collision products. The possibility of such a mechanics contrasts with the impossibility, demonstrated recently, of establishing a relativistic mechanics within the framework of the canonical representations of the Lorentz group.

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References

  1. 1.
    L. D. Landau and E. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields, (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1951), p. 41.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. G. Currie, T. F. Jordan, and E. C. G. Sudarshan, Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 350 (1963); also D. G. Currie, J. Math. Phys. 4, 1470 (1963) and J. T. Cannon and T. F. Jordan, ibid. 5, 299 (1964); also H. Ekstein, Universit Ail-Marseille, 1964 (unpublished). These no interaction theorems apply to Diracs Hamiltonian framework, given in Rev. Mod. Phys. 21, 392 (1949). In this framework, Lorentz transformations are canonical transformations. The no interaction theorem can be circumvented if one is willing to give up the existence of world lines, as was done by L. H. Thomas, Rev. Mod. Phys. 17, 182 (1945); B. Bakamjian and L. H. Thomas, Phys. Rev. 92, 1300 (1953); L.L. Foldy, ibid. 122, 275 (1961)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    By eliminating the electromagnetic field from the equations, Sommerfeld obtained equations of motion of this type for a pair of charged particles. These equations are manifestly Lorentz-invariant, but the conservation laws are not satisfied. The last statement is not surprising: One expects the particles to radiate. See J. L. Synge, Classical Dynamics in Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flugge (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1960), Vol. III/1, p. 11, also froc. Roy. Soc. (London) 177, 118 (1941); W. Pauli, Enz. d. ifalh. IViss. (G. B. Teubner, Berlin, 1921), Vol. V2, p. 645 (English transi.: Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1958, p. 92); A. Sommerfeld, Ann. Phys. Lpz. 33, 665 (1910); A. D. Fokker, Z. Physik 58, 386 (1929). Similar remarks apply to the very interesting considerations of P. Havas, Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 938 (1964).Google Scholar
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    That such an interaction does not conflict with causality has been pointed out repeatedly. See e.g., P. Havas and J. Plebansky, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 5, 433 (1961); D. S. Currie, Ref. 1; P. Havas, Proceedings of the International Congress on Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Jerusalem, 1964 (to be published).Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Cf. also the very penetrating considerations of J. A. Wheeler and R. P. Feynman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 17, 157 (1945).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Van Dam
    • 1
  • E. P. Wignert
    • 2
  1. 1.Chapel HillUniversity of North CarolinaUSA
  2. 2.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA

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