Orbit Measurement and Correction

  • Michiko G. Minty
  • Frank Zimmermann
Open Access
Part of the Particle Acceleration and Detection book series (PARTICLE)


In practice, there are many uncertainties whose presence must be appreciated when correcting the beam orbit in both linear and circular accelerators. Such uncertainties include the variations in the electronic and/or mechanical centers of the beam position monitors (BPMs), in the magnetic center of the quadrupoles (inside which the position monitors are often mounted), or in the electromagnetic center of accelerating structures. Consider the case illustrated in Fig. 3.1.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiko G. Minty
    • 1
  • Frank Zimmermann
    • 2
  1. 1.DESY - MDEHamburgGermany
  2. 2.AB Division, ABP GroupCERNGeneva 23Switzerland

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