Advertisement

Optical Absorption and Reflection

  • Karlheinz Seeger
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 40)

Abstract

The propagation of electromagnetic radiation through a semiconductor depends, in general, on temperature and external pressure and can be modified by electric and magnetic fields. Measurements of these effects provide very useful information about band structure and energy levels in semiconductors.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 11.1
    Landolt-Börnstein, Group 3, Vol.17, Pt.a, Physics of Group IV Elements and HI—V Compounds (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1982) Sect. 3. 2. 5Google Scholar
  2. M. Balkansi (ed.): Handbook on Semiconductors, Vol.2, Optical Properties of Solids ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1981 )Google Scholar
  3. J.I. Pankove: Optical Processes in Semiconductors ( Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ 1971 )Google Scholar
  4. 11.2
    R.E. Lavilla, H. Mendlowitz: J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3297 (1969)Google Scholar
  5. 11.3
    H.R. Philipp, E.A. Taft: Phys. Rev. 113, 1002 (1959)Google Scholar
  6. 11.4
    L. Marton, J. Toots: Phys. Rev. 160, 602 (1967)Google Scholar
  7. 11.5
    W.R. Hunter: In Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, ed. by F. Abeles ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1966 ) p. 136Google Scholar
  8. 11.6
    R. de Laer Kronig: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12, 547 (1926)Google Scholar
  9. H.A. Kramers: Atti Congr. Fisici Como (1927) p. 545Google Scholar
  10. 11.7
    D.L. Greenaway, G. Harbeke: Optical Properties of Semiconductors ( Pergamon, New York 1968 )Google Scholar
  11. 11.8
    D. Brust, J.C. Phillips, G.F. Bassani: Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 94 (1962)Google Scholar
  12. 11.9
    M. Cardona, F.H. Pollak: Phys. Rev. 142, 530 (1966)Google Scholar
  13. 11.10
    O. Madelung: Introduction to Solid-State Theory, Springer Ser. Solid-Sci., Vol. 2 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1978 )Google Scholar
  14. J. Callaway: Energy Band Theory(Academic, New York 1964 )Google Scholar
  15. 11.11
    J. Tauc, A. Abraham: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 20, 190 (1961)Google Scholar
  16. 11.12
    T.S. Moss, T.D. Hawkins: Infrared Phys. 1, 111 (1962)Google Scholar
  17. 11.13
    R. Newman, W.W. Tyler: Solid State Physics 8, 49 (Academic, New York 1959) ed. by F. Seitz, D. TurnbullGoogle Scholar
  18. 11.14
    G.G. Macfarlane, T.P. McLean, J.E. Quarrington, V. Roberts: Phys. Rev. 108, 1377 (1957)Google Scholar
  19. 11.15
    P.J. Dean, D.G. Thomas: Phys. Rev. 150, 690 (1966)Google Scholar
  20. 11.16
    J. Kudman, T. Seidel: J. Appl. Phys. 33, 771 (1962)Google Scholar
  21. 11.17
    J.A. Stratton: Electromagnetic Theory ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1941 ) p. 23Google Scholar
  22. 11.18
    D.F. Edwards, T.E. Slykhouse, H.G. Drickamer: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 11, 140 (1959)Google Scholar
  23. 11.19
    E.J. Johnson: Semiconductors and Semimetals 3, 200 ( Academic, New York 1967 )Google Scholar
  24. 11.20
    D.E. Aspnes: Phys. Rev. B 14, 5331 (1976)Google Scholar
  25. 11.21
    R. Braunstein, A.R. Moore, F. Herman: Phys. Rev. 109, 695 (1958)Google Scholar
  26. 11.22
    H.J. Hrostowski, G.H. Wheatley, W.F. Flood: Phys. Rev. 95, 1683 (1954)Google Scholar
  27. 11.23
    R.G. Breckenridge, R.F. Blunt, W.R. Hosler, H.P.R. Frederikse, J.H. Becker, W. Oshinsky: Phys. Rev. 96, 571 (1954)Google Scholar
  28. 11.24
    W. Kaiser, H.Y. Fan: Phys. Rev. 98, 966 (1955)Google Scholar
  29. 11.25
    E. Burstein: Phys. Rev. 93, 632 (1954)Google Scholar
  30. 11.26
    K. Cho (ed.): Excitons, Topics Curr. Phys., Vol. 14 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1979 )Google Scholar
  31. 11.27
    S. Nikitine, J. Bielmann, J.L. Deiss, M. Grossmann, J.B. Grun, R. Ringeissen, G. Schwab, M. Siesskind, L. Wursteisen: Proc. Int’l Conf. Phys. Semicond., Exeter 1962 ( Institute of Physics, London 1962 )Google Scholar
  32. 11.28
    M.D. Sturge: Phys. Rev. 127, 768 (1962)Google Scholar
  33. 11.29
    G.H. Wannier: Phys. Rev. 52, 191 (1937)Google Scholar
  34. 11.30
    J. Frenkel: Phys. Rev. 37, 17–1276 (1931)Google Scholar
  35. 11.31
    D.G. Thomas, J.J. Hopfield: Phys. Rev. 124, 657 (1961)Google Scholar
  36. 11.32
    D.L. Dexter, R.S. Knox: Excitons ( Wiley, New York 1965 )Google Scholar
  37. 11.33
    R.S. Knox: In Solid State Physics, Supp1.5, ed. by F. Seitz, D. Turnbull ( Academic, New York 1963 )Google Scholar
  38. 11.34
    Y.E. Pokrovskii, K.I. Svistunova: Soy. Phys. Semicond. 4, 409 (1970)Google Scholar
  39. Y.E. Pokrovskii, K.I. Svistunova: Soy. Phys.-JETP Lett. 13, 212 (1971)Google Scholar
  40. 11.35
    J.R. Haynes: Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 860 (1966)Google Scholar
  41. 11.36
    L.V. Keldysh: Proc. 9th Int’l Conf. Phys. Semicond., Moscow 1968 (Nauka, Leningrad 1968) p.1303, particularly p. 1306Google Scholar
  42. 11.37
    C. Benoit a la Guillaume, M. Voos, F. Salvan, J.M. Laurant, A. Bonnot: C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 272, 236 (1971)Google Scholar
  43. 11.38
    G.A. Thomas, T.M. Rice, J.C. Hensel: Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 219 (1974)Google Scholar
  44. 11.39
    E. Burstein, G.S. Picus, H.A. Gebbie, F. Blatt: Phys. Rev. 103, 826 (1956)Google Scholar
  45. 11.40
    S. Zwerdling, R.J. Keyes, S. Foner, H.H. Kolm, B. Lax: Phys. Rev. 104, 1805 (1956)Google Scholar
  46. 11.41
    S. Zwerdling, B. Lax, L.M. Roth: Phys. Rev. 108, 1402 (1957)Google Scholar
  47. 11.42
    S. Zwerdling, B. Lax: Phys. Rev. 106, 51 (1957)Google Scholar
  48. 11.43
    L.M. Roth, B. Lax, S. Zwerdling: Phys. Rev. 114, 90 (1959)Google Scholar
  49. 11.44
    W. Franz: Z. Naturforsch. A 13, 484 (1958)Google Scholar
  50. 11.45
    L.V. Keldysh: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 34, 1138 (1958)Google Scholar
  51. L.V. Keldysh: Engl. transl. Soy. Phys. - JETP 7, 788 (1958)Google Scholar
  52. 11.46
    M. Abramowitz, I.A. Stegun: Handbook of Mathematical Functions ( Dover, New York 1965 ) pp. 475–477.Google Scholar
  53. K. Tharmalingam: Phys. Rev. 130, 2204 (1963)Google Scholar
  54. 11.47
    T.S. Moss: J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 32, 2136 (1961)Google Scholar
  55. 11.48
    Y. Hamakawa, F. Germano, P. Handler: Proc. Int’l Conf. Phys. Semicond., Kyoto 1966 (The Physical Society of Japan, Tokyo 1966 ) p. 111Google Scholar
  56. 11.49
    B.O. Seraphin, R.B. Hess: Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 138 (1965)Google Scholar
  57. 11.50
    E.J. Johnson: Semiconductors and Semimetals 3, 153 ( R.K. Willardson, A.C. Beer, Eds.) (Academic, New York 1967 )Google Scholar
  58. 11.51
    E.J. Johnson, H.Y. Fan: Phys. Rev. 139, A1991 (1965)Google Scholar
  59. 11.52
    R. Kaiser, H.Y. Fan: Phys. Rev. A 138, 156 (1956)Google Scholar
  60. 11.53
    E.B. Owens, A.J. Strauss: Proc. Int’l Conf. Ultrapurif. Semicond. Materials ( Macmillan, New York 1961 ) p. 340Google Scholar
  61. 11.54
    D. Eller, P.J. Etter: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 25, 451 (1964)Google Scholar
  62. 11.55
    P. Vogl: Festkörper-Probleme/Advances in Solid State Physics 21, 191 (Vieweg, Braunschweig; Pergamon, London 1981 ) p. 191Google Scholar
  63. 11.56
    H.J. Hrostowski: In Semiconductors, ed. by N.B. Hannay ( Reinhold, New York 1959 )Google Scholar
  64. 11.57
    H.J. Hrostowski, R.H. Kaiser: Phys. Rev. 107, 966 (1957)Google Scholar
  65. 11.58
    W.S. Boyle: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 8, 321 (1959)Google Scholar
  66. 11.59
    J.M. Luttinger, W. Kohn: Phys. Rev. 97, 869 (1955)Google Scholar
  67. 11.60
    R.R. Haering: Can. J. Phys. 36, 1161 (1958)Google Scholar
  68. 11.61
    J.H. van Vleck: The Theory of Electric and Magnetic Susceptibilities (Oxford Univ. Press, London 1932 ) p. 178Google Scholar
  69. 11.62
    T.H. Geballe, F.J. Morin: Phys. Rev. 95, 1805 (1954)Google Scholar
  70. 11.63
    R.E. Howard, H. Hasegawa: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 5, 178 (1960)Google Scholar
  71. 11.64
    W.S. Boyle, R.E. Howard: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 19, 181 (1961)Google Scholar
  72. 11.65
    B. Lax, S. Zwerdling: Progress in Semiconductors 5, 269 ( Temple, London 1960 )Google Scholar
  73. 11.66
    W.J. Turner, W.E. Reese: Phys. Rev. 127, 126 (1962)Google Scholar
  74. 11.67
    M. Hass: Semiconductors and Semimetals 3, 7 ( Academic, New York 1967 )Google Scholar
  75. 11.68
    A. Mooradian, G.B. Wright: Solid State Commun. 4, 431 (1966)Google Scholar
  76. 11.39
    A. Mooradian: Festkörper-Probleme IX, 74 (Vieweg, Braunschweig 1969) (review where surface scattering and Raman scattering by thermal and hot solid state plasmas are included)Google Scholar
  77. 11.70
    M. Cardona, G. Güntherodt (eds.): Light Scattering in Solids II, Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 50 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1982 )Google Scholar
  78. 11.71
    K. Huang: Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 208, 352 (1951)Google Scholar
  79. 11.72
    C.H. Henry, J.J. Hopfield: Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 964 (1965)Google Scholar
  80. 11.73
    J.J. Hopfield: Phys. Rev. 112, 1555 (1958)Google Scholar
  81. 11.74
    U. Fano: Phys. Rev. 103, 1202 (1956)Google Scholar
  82. 11.75
    W.G. Spitzer: Semiconductors and Semimetals 3, 17 ( Academic, New York 1967 )Google Scholar
  83. 11.76
    F.A. Johnson: Proc. Phys. Soc. London B 73, 265 (1959)Google Scholar
  84. 11.77
    B.N. Brockhouse: Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 256 (1959)Google Scholar
  85. 11.78
    R. Braunstein: Phys. Rev. 130, 879 (1963)Google Scholar
  86. 11.79
    G.F. Bassani: Proc. Intl School of Physics, Vol.34, ed. by J. Tauc (Academic, New York 1966 ) p. 33Google Scholar
  87. W. Heitler: Quantum Theory of Radiation ( Clarendon, Oxford 1954 )Google Scholar
  88. 11.
    L.I. Schiff: Quantum Mechanics (McGraw-Hill 1968)Google Scholar
  89. 11.81
    A.H. Wilson: The Theory of Metals (Cambridge Univ. Press, London 1953 ) p. 46Google Scholar
  90. 11.82
    M. Cardona: In Problems in Solid State Physics, ed. by H.J. Goldsmid ( Pion, London; Academic, New York 1968 ) p. 425Google Scholar
  91. 11.83
    L. van Hove: Phys. Rev. 89, 1189 (1953)Google Scholar
  92. 11.84
    J.C. Phillips: Phys. Rev. 104, 1263 (1956)Google Scholar
  93. 11.85
    D.J. Chadi, M.L. Cohen: Phys. Lett. 49A, 381 (1974)Google Scholar
  94. 11.86
    P. Drude: Wied. Ann. 46, 353 (1882)Google Scholar
  95. P. Drude: Wied. Ann. 48, 122 (1883)Google Scholar
  96. P. Drude: Wied. Ann. 49, 690 (1883)Google Scholar
  97. 11.87
    P. Grosse: Freie Elektronen in Festkörpern ( Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1979 )Google Scholar
  98. 11.88
    J.R. Dixon: Proc. Intl Conf. Phys. Semicond., Prague 1960 (Czech. Acad. Sci., Prague 1960 ) p. 366Google Scholar
  99. 11.89
    A. Yariv: Quantum Electronics ( Wiley, New York 1968 )Google Scholar
  100. 11.90
    H.Y. Fan, W. Spitzer, R.J. Collins: Phys. Rev. 101, 566 (1956)Google Scholar
  101. H.Y. Fan: Rep. Prog. Phys. 14, 119 (1956)Google Scholar
  102. 11.91
    H.J.G. Meyer: Phys. Rev. 112, 298 (1958)Google Scholar
  103. H.J.G. Meyer: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 8, 264 (1959)Google Scholar
  104. R. Rosenberg, M. Lax: Phys. Rev. 112, 843 (1958)Google Scholar
  105. 11.92
    V.L. Gurevich, I.G. Lang, Y.A. Firsov: Fiz. Tverd. Tela 4, 1252 (1962)Google Scholar
  106. V.L. Gurevich, I.G. Lang, Y.A. Firsov: Engl. transl. Sov. Phys. Solid State 4, 918 (1962)Google Scholar
  107. 11.93
    W.M. König: Acta Phys. Austriaca 33, 275 (1971)Google Scholar
  108. 11.94
    D. Kranzer, W.M. König: Phys. Status Solidi (b) 48, K133 (1971)Google Scholar
  109. 11.95
    R. Wolfe: Proc. Phys. Soc. London A 67, 74 (1954)Google Scholar
  110. 11.96
    S. Visvanathan: Phys. Rev. 120, 379 (1960)Google Scholar
  111. 11.97
    A. Sommerfeld: Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 11, 257 (1931)Google Scholar
  112. 11.98
    W.G. Spitzer, M. Gershenzon, C.J. Frosch, D.F. Gibbs: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 11, 339 (1959)Google Scholar
  113. 11.99
    W.G. Spitzer, J.M. Whelan: Phys. Rev. 114, 59 (1959)Google Scholar
  114. 11.100
    I. Balslev: Phys. Rev. 173, 762 (1968)Google Scholar
  115. 11.101
    W.J. Turner, W.E. Reese: Phys. Rev. 117, 1003 (1960)Google Scholar
  116. 11.102
    R. Braunstein, E.O. Kane: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1423 (1962)Google Scholar
  117. 11.103
    I. Balslev: Phys. Rev. 177, 1173 (1969)Google Scholar
  118. 11.104
    W.G. Spitzer, H.Y. Fan: Phys. Rev. 106, 882 (1957)Google Scholar
  119. 11.105
    B. Lax: Proc. Int’l School of Physics,Vol.XXII, ed. by R.A. Smith (Academic, New York 1963) p.240 (review)Google Scholar
  120. 11.106
    B. Lax, H.J. Zeiger, R.N. Dexter: Physica 20, 818 (1954)Google Scholar
  121. 11.107
    C.J. Rauch, J.J. Stickler, H. Zeiger, G. Heller: Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 64 (1960)Google Scholar
  122. 11.108
    G. Dresselhaus, A.F. Kip, C. Kittel: Phys. Rev. 98, 368 (1955)Google Scholar
  123. 11.109
    W. Shockley: Phys. Rev. 79, 191 (1950)Google Scholar
  124. 11.110
    E.D. Palik, G.S. Picus, S. Teitler, R.F. Wallis: Phys. Rev. 122, 475 (1961)Google Scholar
  125. E.D. Palik, G.B. Wright: Semiconductors and Semimetals 3, 421 ( Academic, New York 1967 )Google Scholar
  126. 11.111
    G. Bemski: Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 62 (1960)Google Scholar
  127. 11.112
    E.D. Palik, S. Teitler, B.W. Henvis, R.F. Wallis: Proc. Intl Conf. Phys. Semicond., Exeter 1962, ed. by A.G. Stickland ( Institute of Physics, London 1962 ) p. 288Google Scholar
  128. 11.113
    H. Piller: J. Appl. Phys. 37, 763 (1966)Google Scholar
  129. 11.114
    H.Y. Fan: In Semiconductors and Semimetals,Vol.3, ed. by R.K. Willardson, A.C. Beer (Academic, New York 1967); the “optical effective mass” is the mass which appears in the expression for the free-carrier contribution to the dielectric constantGoogle Scholar
  130. 11.115
    M.J. Stephen, A.B. Lidiard: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 9, 43 (1959)Google Scholar
  131. 11.116
    B. Donovan, J. Webster: Proc. Phys. Soc. London 79, 46, 1081 (1962)Google Scholar
  132. B. Donovan, J. Webster: Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 90 (1963)Google Scholar
  133. 11.117
    R.R. Rau, M.E. Caspari: Phys. Rev. 100, 632 (1955)Google Scholar
  134. 11.118
    A. Bouwknegt: Microwave Galvanomagnetic Effects in n-type Germanium,Dissertation, Univ. Utrecht (1965) (review of experimental methods)Google Scholar
  135. 11.119
    C.R. Pidgeon: Infrared Magneto-optical Phenomena in Semiconductors, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Reading (1962)Google Scholar
  136. 11.120
    E.D. Palik: Appl. Opt. 2, 527 (1963)Google Scholar
  137. 11.121
    G.B. Wright, B. Lax: J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 32, 2113 (1961)Google Scholar
  138. 11.122
    M. Born, E. Wolf: Principles of Optics, ( Pergamon, London 1959 ) p. 26Google Scholar
  139. 11.123
    S. Teitler, E.D. Palik, R.F. Wallis: Phys. Rev. 123, 1631 (1961)Google Scholar
  140. S. Teitler, E.D. Palik: Phys. Rev. Lett. 5, 546 (1960)Google Scholar
  141. 11.124
    Y. Nishina, J. Kolodziejczak, B. Lax: Proc. Int’l Conf. Phys. Semicond., Paris 1964, ed. by J. Bok (Dunod, Paris 1964 ) p. 867Google Scholar
  142. 11.125
    J. Halpern, B. Lax, Y. Nishina: Phys. Rev. 134, A140 (1964)Google Scholar
  143. 11.126
    J. Halpern: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1505 (1966)Google Scholar
  144. 11.127
    M. Glicksman: Solid State Physics 26, 275 (Academic, New York 1971) ed. by F. Seitz, D. TurnbullGoogle Scholar
  145. 11.128
    P.M. Platzman, P.A. Wolff: In Solid State Physics, Suppl. 13, ed. by H. Ehrenreich, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull ( Academic, New York 1972 )Google Scholar
  146. 11.129
    A. Libchaber, R. Veilex: Phys. Rev. 127, 774 (1962)Google Scholar
  147. 11.130
    N. Perrin, B. Perrin, W. Mercouroff: In Plasma Effects in Solids, ed. by J. Bok ( Dunod, Paris 1964 ) p. 37Google Scholar
  148. 11.131
    I. Rosenman: Solid State Commun. 3, 405 (1965)Google Scholar
  149. 11.132
    N. Bloembergen: Nonlinear Optics ( Benjamin, New York 1965 )Google Scholar
  150. Y.R. Shen (ed.); Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 16 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1977 )Google Scholar
  151. A.F. Gibson: Sci. Prog. 56, 479 (1968)Google Scholar
  152. 11.133
    J.H. McFee: Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 228 (1967)Google Scholar
  153. 11.134
    B.D.H. Tellegan: Nature 131, 840 (1933)Google Scholar
  154. V.A. Bailey, D.F. Martyn: Philos. Mag. 18, 369 (1934)Google Scholar
  155. V.A. Bailey, D.F. Martyn: Philos. Mag. 23, 774 (1937)Google Scholar
  156. 11.135
    C.K.N. Patel, R.E. Slusher, P.A. Fleury: Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1011 (1966)Google Scholar
  157. 11.136
    L. Stenflo: Phys. Rev. B 1, 2821 (1970)Google Scholar
  158. 11.137
    P.A. Wolff, G.A. Pearson: Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1015 (1966)Google Scholar
  159. J. Kolodziejczak: Proc. Intl Conf. Phys. Semicond., Moscow 1968 (Nauka, Leningrad 1968 ) p. 233Google Scholar
  160. 11.138
    B. Lax, W. Zawadzki, M.H. Weiler: Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 462 (1967)Google Scholar
  161. 11.139
    R. Claus, L. Merten, J. Brandmüller: Light Scattering by Phonon-Polaritons, Springer Tracts Mod. Phys., Vol. 75 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1975 )Google Scholar
  162. R. Claus: Festkörper-Probleme XII, 381 ( Vieweg, Braunschweig 1972 )Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karlheinz Seeger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.WienAustria
  2. 2.Institut für MaterialphysikUniversität WienWienAustria

Personalised recommendations