Verhandlungen pp 764-768 | Cite as

Electron microscopy of bidi and cigarette smoke

  • K. D. Hathiram
  • K. S. Korgaonkar


The incidence of oral cancer in India is found to be much higher than that of lung cancer which is more common in the Western countries (2). In India the smoking of bidi — made locally by rolling crude tobacco in the Timbri leaf (Diospyros embryopteris) or Kuda leaf (Hollarhena antidysenterica) — is more prevalent than smoking of cigarette. Kahler and Lloyd (1) have carried out the electron microscopy of cigarette and cigar smoke. The present paper reports comparative Electron microscope study of the smoke deposit from bidi and cigarette.


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  1. 1.
    Kahler, H., and B. J. Lloyd: J. nat. Cancer Inst. 18, 217 (1957).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khanolkar, V. R.: Acta Un. int. Cancer. 6, 881 (1950).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wynder, E. L.: “The Biologic Effects of Tobacco”. p. 3. London: J. A. Churchill Ltd. 1955.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. D. Hathiram
    • 1
  • K. S. Korgaonkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Cancer Research CentreBombayIndia

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