Verhandlungen pp 438-440 | Cite as

On a high resolution pre-shadowed carbon replica method and its direct stripping technique

  • Akira Fukami


In order to improve the resolution of a replica (usually called “atomic replica”) made by direct application of vacuum evaporation on the surface of a specimen, it is necessary to reduce the thickness of the replica film as mentioned by Calbick (1). On the other hand, however, from the standpoint of the replica preparation technique, a certain thickness is required, beyond which it is impracticable to reduce it.


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  1. 1.
    Calbick, C. J.: Bell System Techn. J. 30, 798 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boersch, H.: Z. Naturforsch. 2a, 615 (1947).ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bradley, D. E.: Brit. J. appl. Physics 5, 96 (1954).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Inst. Metals 83, 35 (1954/55).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fukami, A., and H. Yotsumoto: Electron-Microscopy, Japan (in Japanese) 4, 166 (1956).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Fukami
    • 1
  1. 1.Engineering Research Institute, Department of EngineeringUniversity of TokyoJapan

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