Islamic Education in Belgium and the Netherlands, Challenging and Promising

  • Ina Ter AvestEmail author
Part of the Wiener Beiträge zur Islamforschung book series (WSI)


In this contribution we will describe the domain of education as an important contextual domain for the development of Islamic religious identity for Muslim youngsters in a western context. This article is about the state of the art of Islamic religious education in Belgium and the Netherlands in formal and informal education. An impression of teaching material for Islamic religious education in primary education is also given. Research findings and findings of investigative journalism on Muslim identity are presented and will lead to the question in which way and to what extend Islamic religious education in Belgium and the Netherlands (‘the low lands at the sea’) include diversity in their teachings to prepare their students for a participative citizenship as a Muslim in societies characterized by plurality regarding religious and secular life orientations. Practical research by academic scholars on religious identity development and pedagogy of religion is recommended on one side, in close cooperation with Islamic religious education practitioners on the other side, to explore possibilities of a constructive match of Islamic religious education with the needs of youngsters for the development of a flexible religious identity—embracing valuable and useful elements from the past, welcoming the fullness of an unknown future.


Muslim Youngsters Belgium Netherlands Islamic education in Netherland 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EdeThe Netherlands

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