Combining 2-D and 3-D Weight-Bearing X-Ray Images
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Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, as well as the large weight-bearing joints, i. e., the hip, and knees. Worldwide, about 3.6% of the population suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee. If the symptoms are too severe to be treated with medication, the solution is often a total replacement. The precise preoperative planning of implants is a crucial task to achieve a good patient outcome. For planning, usually hybrid 2-D/3-D approaches are used. The main drawback of theses hybrid methods is the different patient positions during the acquisition, namely lying for the 3-D scan and standing for the 2-D scan. We proposed a method that allows acquiring both images in standing positions under natural weight-bearing without having to reposition the patient. To show the feasibility, we provide images from an anthropomorphic leg phantom. A preliminary study with medical experts has shown that the results are promising.
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