Elastomers and their Mechanical Behaviour
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This chapter deals with an introduction in the general mechanical behaviour of polymers and their classification into material groups depended on their structural behaviour. After the general characterization of polymer materials, special features such as softening, the Mullins effect and cavitation are discussed. Finally, with reference to continuum mechanics and material modelling, classical material modelling approaches are presented. The aim of this chapter is to understand the behaviour of polymers and their classical material modelling. The main features of material modelling will be used later (Chap. 5) to develop novel improved material models.
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