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Innovative Unternehmer/innen in Flüchtlingslagern: Wie Flüchtlinge institutionelle Leerräume bewältigen

  • Marlen de la Chaux
Chapter
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Zusammenfassung

Flüchtlingslager gelten gemeinhin nicht als Orte, die unternehmerisches Handeln begünstigen. Denn in vielen Fällen sind Menschen, die in Flüchtlingslagern leben, mit erheblichen Einschränkungen in Bezug auf Beschäftigung und den Zugang zu Märkten außerhalb des Flüchtlingslagers konfrontiert. Dennoch entstehen in vielen Flüchtlingslagern kleine Unternehmen wie Bars, Cafés, Imbissstände, Friseurstuben und Läden für Reparaturen aller Art. In diesem Kapitel wird untersucht, wie Flüchtlinge als Unternehmer die zahlreichen Hindernisse überwinden, auf die sie in den Flüchtlingslagern stoßen. Meiner Ansicht nach sind Flüchtlingslager durch institutionelle Leerräume gekennzeichnet, aus der sich zwei Arten von Hindernissen für unternehmerische Initiative ergeben, nämlich organisatorische und institutionelle Hindernisse. In diesem Kapitel wird beschrieben, wie es Flüchtlingen als Unternehmern gelingt, diese Hürden zu überwinden. Den Abschluss des Kapitels bilden Empfehlungen dazu, wie politisch Verantwortliche und Praktiker nachhaltige Initiativen entwickeln können, um unternehmerisches Handeln von Flüchtlingen zu unterstützen und damit die Lebensgrundlagen von Flüchtlingen zu stärken.

Schlüsselwörter

Flüchtlingslager Flüchtling UN Unternehmer/innen Unternehmensgründung Bereitstellung von Hilfsgütern Markt Hindernisse Bewältigung von Hindernissen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marlen de la Chaux
    • 1
  1. 1.Enterprises Department The Refugee Livelihoods TeamInternational Labour Organization (ILO)GenfSchweiz

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