In recent decades, the use of glass as a construction element of the structural glazing and as a building material in various engineering sectors such as the automotive sector, the shipping industry and solar technology has increased significantly. This fact has substantially increased the demand for structural and architectural flexibility and versatility of glass components. Glass components are applied as architectural and structural elements in buildings, see Figure 1.1. However, glass is a brittle material with a linear elastic material behaviour at room temperature until fracture and lacks the capability of stressredistribution in contrast to more common building materials.
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