Advertisement

Social acceleration and social investment

  • Kees van KersbergenEmail author
  • Barbara Vis
Chapter

Abstract

The starting point for our contribution on the (alleged) crisis of the European social model is David Weisstanner and Klaus Armingeon’s (2018) study on the cross-national variation in wage premiums to discuss the temporal dimension of social investment policy – futureoriented policy par excellence. Our guiding propositions are that: (1) “social acceleration”, that is, the accelerating pace of change, particularly but not exclusively in technology, tends to complicate and ultimately undermine the assumptions of social investment policy; (2) the result will be increasingly higher inequality. Social investment policies are future-oriented social policies, investing in human capital in the short term to yield a social return in the middle or long term (e.g., early childhood education). Social acceleration causes the temporal outlook of social investment politics to become more short-term. Simultaneously, it contracts the long-term governing capacity, making it increasingly difficult to determine precisely in what kind of skills to invest now, in order to maximize the chance of social return in the future.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acemoglu, Daron. 2002. “Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market.” Journal of Economic Literature 40 (1): 7–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, Karen M., Ellen M. Immergut, and Isabelle Schulze. 2009. The Handbook of West European Pension Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Armingeon, Klaus. 1986. “Formation and Stability of Neo-Corporatist Incomes Policies.” European Sociological Review 2 (2): 138–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armingeon, Klaus. 1997. “Swiss Corporatism in Comparative Perspective.” West European Politics 20 (4): 164–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Armingeon, Klaus. 2001. “Institutionalising the Swiss Welfare State.” West European Politics 24 (2): 145–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Armingeon, Klaus. 2002a. “The Effects of Negotiation Democracy: A Comparative Analysis.” European Journal of Political Research 41 (1): 81–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Armingeon, Klaus. 2002b. “Consociationalism and Economic Performance in Switzerland 1968–1998: The Conditions of Muddling through Successfully.” In “Consociationalism and Corporatism in Western Europe,” edited by Steiner, Jürg, and Tom Ertman Acta Politica 37 (1/2): 121–38.Google Scholar
  8. Armingeon, Klaus. 2007. “Active Labour Market Policy, International Organizations and Domestic Politics.” Journal of European Public Policy 14 (6): 905–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Armingeon, Klaus. 2014. “The Politics of Fiscal Responses to the Economic Crisis, 2008–2009.” Governance 25 (4): 543–65.Google Scholar
  10. Armingeon, Klaus, Fabio Bertozzi, and Giuliano Bonoli. 2004. “Swiss Worlds of Welfare.” West European Politics 27 (1): 20–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Armingeon, Klaus, and Romana Careja. 2008. “Institutional Change and Stability in Post-Communist Countries, 1990–2002.” European Journal of Political Research 47 (4): 411–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Armingeon, Klaus, and Skyler Cranmer. 2018. “Position-Taking in the Euro Crisis.” Journal of European Public Policy 25 (4): 546–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Armingeon, Klaus and Nathalie Giger. 2008. “Conditional Punishment: A Comparative Analysis of the Electoral Consequences of Welfare State Retrenchment in OECD Nations, 1980–2003.” West European Politics 31 (3): 558–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Armingeon, Klaus, and Kai Guthmann. 2014. “Democracy in Crisis? The Declining Support for National Democracy in European Countries, 2007–2011.” European Journal of Political Research 53 (3): 423–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Armingeon, Klaus, Kai Guthmann, and David Weisstanner. 2016. “Choosing the Path of Austerity: How Parties and Policy Coalitions Influence Welfare State Retrenchment in Periods of Fiscal Consolidation.” West European Politics 39 (4): 628–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Armingeon, Klaus, and Lisa Schädel. 2015. “Social Inequality in Political Participation: The Dark Sides of Individualisation.” West European Politics 38 (1): 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Autor, David H. 2014. “Skills, Education, and the Rise of Earnings Inequality among the ‘Other 99 Percent’.” Science 344 (6186): 843–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Autor, David H., and David Dorn. 2013. “The Growth of Low-Skill Service Jobs and the Polarization of the US Labor Market.” American Economic Review 103 (5): 1553–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Avent, Ryan. 2016. The Wealth of Humans. Work and its Absence in the Twenty-First Century. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  20. Bertman, Stephen. 1998. Hyperculture: The Human Cost of Speed. London: Praeger.Google Scholar
  21. Blix, Mårten. 2017. Digitalization, Immigration and the Welfare State. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  22. Bonoli, Giuliano. 2007. “Time Matters: Postindustrialization, New Social Risks, and Welfare State Adaptation in Advanced Industrial Democracies.” Comparative Political Studies 40 (5): 495–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Brynjolfsson, Erik, and Andrew McAfee. 2014. The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  24. Chesneaux, Jean. 2000. “Speed and Democracy: An Uneasy Dialogue.” Social Science Information 39 (3): 407–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dobbs, Richard, James Manyika, and Jonathan Woetzel. 2016. No Ordinary Disruption: The Four Global Forces Breaking All the Trends. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  26. Eriksen, Thomas H. 2001. Tyranny of the Moment. Fast and Slow Time in the Information Age. London: Pluto.Google Scholar
  27. Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 2009. Incomplete Revolution: Adapting Welfare states to Women’s New Roles. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  28. Eurofound. 2018. Automation, Digitalisation and Platforms: Implications for Work and Employment. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  29. Ford, Martin. 2015. Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future. London: Oneworld Publications.Google Scholar
  30. Freese, Charissa, Ronald Dekker, Linda Kool, Fabian Dekker, and Rinie Val Est. 2018. Robotisering En Automatisering Op de Werkvloer Bedrijfskeuzes Bij Technologische Innovaties. The Hague: Rathenau Institute. https://www.rathenau.nl/sites/default/files/2018-05/Robotisering en automatisering op dewerkvloer.pdf.
  31. Frey, Carl Benedikt, and Michael A. Osborne. 2017. “The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation?”. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 114 (January): 254-80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Garritzmann, Julian, Silja Häusermann, Bruno Palier, and Christine Zollinger. 2016. “WoPSI - the World Politics of Social Investment: A Collaborative Research Project to Explain Variance in Social Investment Agendas and Social Investment Reforms across Countries and World Regions.” Project Background Paper.Google Scholar
  33. Goos, Maarten, and Alan Manning. 2007. “Lousy and Lovely Jobs: The Rising Polarization of Work in Britain.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 89 (1): 118-33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Goos, Maarten, Alan Manning, and Anna Salomons. 2014. “Explaining Job Polarization: Routine-Biased Technological Change and Offshoring.” American Economic Review 104 (8): 2509–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hassan, Robert. 2009. Empires of Speed. Time and the Acceleration of Politics and Society. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  36. Hemerijck, Anton. 2013. Changing Welfare States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Jacobs, Alan M. 2011. Governing for the Long Term: Democracy and the Politics of Investment. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Jacobs, Alan M. 2016. “Policy Making for the Long Term in Advanced Democracies.” Annual Review of Political Science 19: 433–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jacobs, Alan M., and J. Scott Matthews. 2017. “Policy Attitudes in Institutional Context: Rules, Uncertainty, and the Mass Politics of Public Investment.” American Journal of Political Science 61 (1): 194–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Jensen, Carsten, and Kees van Kersbergen. 2017. The Politics of Inequality. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  41. Kaplan, Jerry. 2015. Human Need Not Apply. A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Kaplan, Alan. 2016. “Lifelong Learning: Conclusions from a Literature Review.” International Online Journal of Primary Education 5 (2): 43–50.Google Scholar
  43. Korunka, Christian, and Peter Hoonakker. 2014. The Impact of ICT on Quality of Working Life. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  44. Kvist, Jon. 2015. “A Framework for Social Investment Strategies: Integrating Generational, Life Course and Gender Perspectives in the EU Social Investment Strategy.” Comparative European Politics 13 (1): 131–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mokyr, Joel, Chris Vickers, and Nicolas L. Ziebarth. 2015. “The History of Technological Anxiety and the Future of Economic Growth: Is This Time Different?”,The Journal of Economic Perspectives 29 (3): 31–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nowotny, Helga. 1989. Eigenzeit. Entstehung und Strukturierung eines Zeitgefühls. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  47. OECD. 2016. “New Forms of Work in the Digital Economy.” OECD Digital Economy Papers 260. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  48. Offe, Claus. 1984. Contradictions of the Welfare State. London: Hutchinson & Co.Google Scholar
  49. Rosa, Hartmut. 2015. Social Acceleration. A New Theory of Modernity. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Rupp, Karl. 2017. “42 Years of Microprocessor Trend Data” Accessed September 27, 2017. https://www.karlrupp.net/2018/02/42-years-of-microprocessor-trend-data/
  51. Scarpetta, Stefano, Anne Sonnet, Ilias Livanos, Imanol Núñez, W. Craig Riddell, Xueda Song, and Ilaria Maselli. 2012. “Challenges Facing European Labour Markets: Is a Skill Upgrade the Appropriate Instrument?” Intereconomics 47 (1): 4–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Scheuerman, William E. 2004. Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Schöneck, Nadine M. 2018. “Europeans’ Work and Life – Out of Balance? An Empirical Test of Assumptions from the ‘Acceleration Debate’”. Time & Society 27 (1): 3–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Schwab, Klaus. 2016. The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Cologny/Geneva: World Economic Forum.Google Scholar
  55. SER. 2016. Mens En Technologie: Samen Aan Het Werk. The Hague: Sociaal-economische Raad. https://www.ser.nl/~/media/db_adviezen/2010_2019/2016/mens-technologie.ashx.
  56. Statista. 2019. “Number of daily active Snapchat users from 1st quarter 2014 to 4th quarter 2018 (in millions)” Accessed September 21, 2018. https://www.statista.com/statistics/545967/snapchat-app-dau/
  57. St. Clair, Michael. 2011. So Much, So Fast, So Little Time. Coming to Terms with Rapid Change and its Consequences. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.Google Scholar
  58. Steuerle, C. Eugene. 2016. “The Federal Government on Autopilot: Mandatory Spending and the Entitlement Crisis.” 2016.https://www.taxpolicycenter.org/taxvox/federal-government-autopilot-mandatory-spendingand-entitlement-crisis.
  59. Streeck, Wolfgang, and Daniel Mertens. 2010. “An Index of Fiscal Democracy.” MPIfG Working Paper 10/3.Google Scholar
  60. Van Est, Rinie and Linda Kool. 2015. Werken Aan de Robotsamenleving: Visies En Inzichten Uit de Wetenschap over de Relatie Technologie En Werkgelegenheid. The Hague: Rathenau Institute.Google Scholar
  61. Van Kersbergen, Kees, and Barbara Vis. 2014. Comparative Welfare State Politics: Development Opportunities, and Reform. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Wajcman, Judy. 2008. “Life in the Fast Lane? Towards a Sociology of Technology and Time.” British Journal of Sociology 59 (1): 59–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Wajcman, Judy. 2015. Pressed for Time: The Acceleration of Life in Digital Capitalism. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Weisstanner, David, and Klaus Armingeon. 2018. “How Redistributive Policies Reduce Market Inequality: Education Premiums in 22 OECD Countries.” Socio-Economic Review. Early view.  https://doi.org/10.1093/ser/mwy018.
  65. Went, Robert, Monique Kremer, and André Knottnerus. 2015. De Robot de Baas: De Toekomst van Werk in Het Tweede Machinetijdperk. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aarhus UniversitetAarhusDenmark
  2. 2.Universiteit UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations