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Challenges and solutions of converting conventional vehicles to hybrid electric or battery electric vehicles

  • Matthias WilmesEmail author
  • Rob Kraaijeveld
  • Marvin Schrage
  • Frank Schummers
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings book series (PROCEE)

Abstract

Legal and regulatory pressures in Europe and China to reduce emissions and fuel consumption are increasing the demand for hybrid and electric vehicles. This growing demand is the main driver for technological improvements in electric powertrains and batteries. Nearly every car manufacturer is developing hybrid or electric vehicles to fulfil the fleet consumption targets in order to avoid penalties.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Wilmes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rob Kraaijeveld
    • 1
  • Marvin Schrage
    • 1
  • Frank Schummers
    • 1
  1. 1.FEV Europe GmbHAldenhovenGermany

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