How do you define the best powertrain solution for your off‑highway customers?
The optimum powertrain configuration for future machines will vary from BEV to improved efficiency ICE and everything in between including mild and full hybrid systems. The best solution will be the one that delivers the lowest costs (total cost of ownership and capital cost) while meeting customer performance goals, and legislative and ethical requirements for emissions including pollutants and greenhouse gases.
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- 1.“EPA Nonregulatory Nonroad Duty Cycles”, United States Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/moves/epa-nonregulatory-nonroad-duty-cycles, downloaded July 2018.