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How do you define the best powertrain solution for your off‑highway customers?

  • William MissionsEmail author
  • Ben Dexter
  • Andy Skipton-Carter
  • Pascal Revereault
  • Matthew Maunder
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings book series (PROCEE)

Zusammenfassung

The optimum powertrain configuration for future machines will vary from BEV to improved efficiency ICE and everything in between including mild and full hybrid systems. The best solution will be the one that delivers the lowest costs (total cost of ownership and capital cost) while meeting customer performance goals, and legislative and ethical requirements for emissions including pollutants and greenhouse gases.

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Literatur

  1. 1.
    “EPA Nonregulatory Nonroad Duty Cycles”, United States Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/moves/epa-nonregulatory-nonroad-duty-cycles, downloaded July 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Missions
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ben Dexter
    • 1
  • Andy Skipton-Carter
    • 1
  • Pascal Revereault
    • 1
  • Matthew Maunder
    • 1
  1. 1.Ricardo UK LtdShoreham-by-SeaGroßbritannien

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