Emerging Debates on Experiences and Challenges of Refugee Protection in Africa and Europe

  • Susan Waiyego MwangiEmail author


The “refugee crisis” has featured prominently in the global arena since 2011; however, the issue has been with us for centuries. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) defines refugees as “persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution”. Furthermore, they also note that a refugee is a person who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or even violence (UNHCR, 2016).


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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kenyatta UniversityNairobiKenya

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