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The Past is Indeed a Different Country: Perception of Holocaust in India

  • Baijayanti RoyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Holocaust Education – Historisches Lernen – Menschenrechtsbildung book series (HEM)

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Artikel befasst sich kritisch mit der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Holocaust in Indien. Hitler wurde von vielen seiner indischen Zeitgenossen und Zeitgenossinnen gutgeheißen, da er ihren Kolonisatoren, den Briten, feindlich gegenüberstand. Bis heute erfreut sich Hitler in Indien großer Beliebtheit, nicht nur wegen dieses Vermächtnisses, sondern auch aufgrund des fehlenden historischen Bewusstseins. In Indien erlangen die meisten Leute ihr historisches Wissen in der Schule; dort werden Bücher genutzt, welche oftmals propagandistisch gefärbt sind. Jedoch variiert die Darstellung des Holocaust in indischen Schulbüchern, da Schulen sich entscheiden können, entweder die beiden landesweiten Lehrpläne oder die der einzelnen 29 Bundesstaaten zu verwenden, wobei das von der zentralen Regierung gestaltete Lehrbuch das einzige ist, welches eine kritische Perspektive bietet. Dieser Artikel analysiert die Darstellungsweise des Holocaust in indischen Lehrmaterialien und plädiert für eine Verbindung des Holocaust und der indischen Kolonialismuserfahrung, um der anhaltenden Glorifizierung Hitlers entgegen zu wirken.

Abstract

This article critically examines the ways in which Holocaust is perceived in India. Hitler was admired by many of his contemporary Indians because of his opposition to their colonial masters, the British. Hitler is still held in esteem by many Indians, due to this legacy and also because of a lack of historical awareness. Most people in India receive their knowledge of history in schools, where textbooks are often influenced by political propaganda. The portrayal of Holocaust also varies, since individual schools can choose one of the two pan-Indian curricula or that of any of the 29 federal states. The all-India book designed by the central government is the only one to provide a critical perspective on Holocaust. This article analyses different representations of Holocaust in Indian textbooks and suggests connecting the lessons of Holocaust to India’s colonial experience in order to counter the dangerous glorification of Hitler.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank Pavithra Srinivasan, Madhuparna Banerjee and Parvathi Akki for their kind help.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FrankfurtGermany

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