We are undoubtedly living in an age of the ‘urban’ (Brenner and Schmid 2014). While more than half of the world population is living in urban areas, 70 percent of the urban population is residing in cities traditionally categorised as the Global South (Roy 2014). However, how these cities should be comprehended and investigated, and whether the fruitful research of the southern cities could corroborate or complement urban theories, remain a controversial question among scholarly debates. While urban theory and the paradigm of urban studies are predominantly formulated through the trajectories and experiences of the Euro-American cities, the rest of the world is commonly reduced to empirical evidence that strengthens, testifies, and proves the validity of western urban hypotheses (Roy 2014; Robinson 2002; Tang 2014).
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