Material and Methods

  • Riema AbdunnurEmail author


A literature search of The National Library of Medicine’s PubMed database was first performed on December 01.2016 and conducted without time restrictions, to retrieve all available articles in the literature written in both English and German language. Key words used in this search were (craniomandibular disorder) AND (violin). This search yielded twelve articles, eight of which were included in this review. Similar articles where gathered and reference lists of all articles were screened for other papers that might also be relevant and fulfil the inclusion criteria for this review and were retrieved in full texts. Furthermore, citation tracking was performed and more information were gathered from books published in German language dealing with musician specific diseases.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations