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Geschlechtsstereotype: wie sie entstehen und sich auswirken

  • Bettina HannoverEmail author
  • Ilka Wolter
Chapter
Part of the Geschlecht und Gesellschaft book series (GUG, volume 65)

Zusammenfassung

Geschlechtsstereotype beschreiben die Zuweisung bestimmter Merkmale und Eigenschaften zu Individuen nur aufgrund ihrer Zugehörigkeit zur Gruppe weiblicher bzw. männlicher Personen, ohne dass dabei berücksichtigt wird, dass Unterschiede innerhalb der Geschlechtsgruppen größer ausfallen können als Unterschiede zwischen ihnen. Zunächst definieren wir die Konstrukte „Stereotyp“ und „Geschlechtsstereotyp“. Im Anschluss erläutern wir die Entstehung von kulturübergreifend geltenden Geschlechtsstereotypen anhand der Sozialen Rollentheorie. Es folgt eine Darstellung, wie Menschen Geschlechtsstereotype erwerben. Schließlich werden die Mechanismen erläutert, über die sich Geschlechtsstereotype auf Selbst- und Fremdwahrnehmung auswirken: kognitive Schemata, selbsterfüllende Prophezeiungen, geschlechtstypisierte Identitäten und Bedrohung durch Geschlechtsstereotype.

Schlüsselwörter

Geschlechtsstereotype Soziale Rollentheorie Geschlechtsidentität Kognitive Schemata Bedrohung durch Geschlechtsstereotype 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Freie Universität BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  2. 2.Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi)BambergDeutschland

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