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The growth of digital culture has been inseparable from the growth of capacities to copy and share its products. Because cultural markets have tended to be organized around legal and practical obstacles to copying (notably via copyright law), this growth has been accompanied by continuous debate about the implications and permissible scope of those capacities, and by efforts to draw coherent and enforceable lines around unauthorized practices or ‘piracy’. This contribution outlines what we have learned about this emergent culture of copying over the past two decades, its interaction with media markets and copyright policy debates, and its evolution as cultural business models incorporate the changes in use and expectations enabled by the new technologies.
KeywordsCopyright Piracy File sharing Intellectual property Digital culture
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