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ECHO-Viruskrankheiten

  • Ellen Gibbels
  • Werner Scheid
Chapter
Part of the Infektionskrankheiten book series (INNEREN)

Zusammenfassung

Als ECHO-Viren werden solche Viren bezeichnet, die in ihren morphologischen Eigenschaften im wesentlichen den Poliomyelitis- und Coxsackie-Viren entsprechen, die wie diese beim Menschen vorkommen, im Intestinaltrakt ausgeschieden werden — also aus dem Stuhl zu isolieren sind — und denen ein spezifisches klinisches Syndrom bisher noch nicht zugeordnet werden konnte. Die Bezeichnung“ECHO” leitet sich aus den Anfangsbuchstaben folgender Wörter ab:“Enteric” — im Intestinaltrakt vorkommend —,“Human” — den Menschen befallend —,“Cytopathogenic” — für die Zellen bestimmter Gewebekulturen pathogen —,“Orphan” — zu deutsch“Waisenkinder”, weil diese Viren nach ihrer Entdeckung zunächst nicht zugeordnet werden konnten und hinsichtlich ihrer Pathogenität für den Menschen manche Rätsel aufgaben.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ellen Gibbels
    • 1
  • Werner Scheid
    • 1
  1. 1.KölnDeutschland

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