The History of Invertebrate Ichnology

  • Richard G. OsgoodJr.


Ichnology developed slowly, and only during the past two decades has it attained worldwide status as a scientific discipline. With a few notable exceptions, most trace fossils were originally interpreted as fossil algae or “fucoids.” Although Nathorst demonstrated the animal nature of “fucoids” in 1881, systematic studies of trace fossils were not initiated until Rudolf Richter’s work in the 1920s. Even then ichnological studies lagged until the 1950s, when Seilacher (1953) provided both methodology and a satisfactory working classification. The pace of research was accelerated by Hantzschel’s (1962, 1965) contributions in cataloging trace fossil genera and providing extensive bibliographic data. The developments of the last decade, mentioned only briefly herein, have been concerned mainly with continuous refinement of the discipline.


Fossil Record Trace Fossil Body Fossil Corophium Volutator Fossil Alga 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard G. OsgoodJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyCollege of WoosterWoosterUSA

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