Advertisement

Molecular Tagging Diagnostics for the Study of Kinematics and Mixing in Liquid Phase Flows

  • M. M. Koochesfahani
  • R. K. Cohn
  • C. P. Gendrich
  • D. G. Nocera
Conference paper

Abstract

This work reports our recent developments of novel techniques for velocimetry and studies of the Lagrangian evolution of mixing interfaces based on molecular tagging approaches. These developments take advantage of a class of newly engineered phosphorescent supramolecules that are water soluble. Previous implementations using photochromic molecules and caged fluorescein are briefly discussed and compared.The application of molecular tagging velocimetry demonstrated in several flow fields, including examples which illustrate its Capability in flows with siginificant out-of-plane motion and its, potential for simultaneous passive scalar and velocity measurements.

Keywords

Molecular tagging Optical diagnostics Supramolecules Velocimetry 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Biage, M., Harris, S. R., Lempert, W. R., and Smits, A. J. 1996, Quantitative velocity measurements in turbulent Taylor-Couette flow by PHANTOMM flow tagging, Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, July 8–11, 1996, 15.4.1–15.4.8Google Scholar
  2. Chu, C. C. and Liao, Y. Y. 1992, A quantitative study of the flow around an impulsively started circular cylinder, Exp. Fluids, vol. 13, 137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chu, C. C., Wang, C. T., and Hsieh, C. H. 1993, An experimental investigation of vortex motions near surfaces, Phys. Fluids A., vol. 5, no. 3, 662–676ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohn, R K., Gendrich, C. P., Mackinnon, C. G., and Koochesfahani, M. M. 1995, Crossflow velocimetry measurements in a wake flow, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 40, no. 12, 1962Google Scholar
  5. D’Arco, A., Charmet, J. C.’ and Cloitre, M. 1982, Nouvelle technique de marquage d’ecoulement par utilisation de molecules photochromes, Revue Phys. Appl., vol. 17, 89–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Douglas, P., Enos, R. D., Azzopardi, B., and Hope, C. B. 1991, Characterisation of a photochromic triarylmethane dye sulphite and its applications to the visualisation of water flows, 7th Int. Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena, The Netherlands, August, 1991Google Scholar
  7. Falco, R. E. and Chu, C. C. 1987, Measurement of two-dimensional fluid dynamic quantities using a photochromic grid tracing technique, SPIE, vol. 814, 706–710ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Falco, R. E. and Nocera, D. G. 1993, Quantitative multipoint measurements and visualization of dense solid-liquid flows using laser induced photochemical anemometry (LIPA), in Particulate Two-Phase Flow, Ed. M. C. Rocco; Butterworth-Heinemann, 59–126Google Scholar
  9. Gendrich, C.P. and Koochesfahani, M. M. 1996, A spatial correlation technique for estimating velocity fields using Molecular Tagging Velocimetry (MTV), Exp. Fluids, vol. 22, no. 1, 67–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gendrich, C. P., Koochesfahani, M. M., and Nocera, D. G. 1994, Analysis of molecular tagging velocimetry images for obtaining simultaneous multi-point velocity vectors, Bull Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 39, no. 9, 1980Google Scholar
  11. Gendrich, C. P., Koochesfahani, M. M., and Nocera, D. G. 1996, Molecular tagging velocimetry and other novel applications of a new phosphorescent supramole-cule, submitted to Exp. Fluids Google Scholar
  12. Harris, S. R., Lempert, W. R., Hersh, L., Burcham, C. L., Saville, A., Miles, R. B., Gee, K., and Haughland, R. P. 1996a, Quantitative measurements on internal circulation in droplets using flow tagging velocimetry, AIAA J., vol. 34, no. 3, 449–454ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harris, S. R., Miles, R. B., and Lempert, W. R. 1996b, Observations of fluid flow produced in a closed cylinder by a rotating lid using the PHANTOMM (Photo-Activated Non Intrusive Tracking of Molecular Motion) flow tagging technique, Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, July 8–11, 1996, 15.3.1–15.3.9Google Scholar
  14. Hartmann, W.K., Gray, M. H. B., Ponce, A., and Nocera, D. G. 1996, Substrate induced phosphorescence from cyclodextrin • lumophore host-guest complexes, Inorg. Chim. Acta, vol. 243, 239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hilbert, H. S. and Falco, R.E. 1991, Measurements of flows during scavenging in a two-stroke engine, SAE Technical Paper 910671Google Scholar
  16. Hill, R. B. and Klewicki, J. C 1995, Data reduction methods for flow tagging velocity measurements, Exp. Fluids, vol. 20, no. 3, 142–152.Google Scholar
  17. Koochesfahani, M. M., Gendrich, C. P., and Nocera, D. G. 1993, A new technique for studying the Lagrangian evolution of mixing interfaces in water flows, Bull Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 38, no. 12, 2287Google Scholar
  18. Koochesfahani, M. M., Beresh, S. J., and MacKinnon, C. G. 1994, Volumetric visualization of 3-D flow structure in a low Reynolds number forced wake, Bull Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 39, no. 9, 1947Google Scholar
  19. Douglas, P., Enos, R. D., Azzopardi, B., and Hope, C. B. 1991, Characterisation of a photochromic triarylmethane dye sulphite and its applications to the visualisation of water flows, 7th Int. Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena, The Netherlands, August, 1991Google Scholar
  20. Falco, R. E. and Chu, C. C. 1987, Measurement of two-dimensional fluid dynamic quantities using a photochromic grid tracing technique, SPIE, vol. 814, 706–710ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Falco, R. E. and Nocera, D. G. 1993, Quantitative multipoint measurements and visualization of dense solid-liquid flows using laser induced photochemical anemometry (LIPA), in Particulate Two-Phase Flow, Ed. M. C. Rocco; Butterworth-Heinemann, 59–126Google Scholar
  22. Gendrich, C. P. and Koochesfahani, M. M. 1996, A spatial correlation technique for estimating velocity fields using Molecular Tagging Velocimetry (MTV), Exp. Fluids, vol. 22, no. 1, 67–77Google Scholar
  23. Gendrich, C. P., Koochesfahani, M. M., and Nocera, D. G. 1994, Analysis of molecular tagging velocimetry images for obtaining simultaneous multi-point velocity vectors, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 39, no. 9, 1980Google Scholar
  24. Gendrich, C. P., Koochesfahani, M. M., and Nocera, D. G. 1996, Molecular tagging velocimetry and other novel applications of a new phosphorescent supramole-cule, submitted to Exp. Fluids Google Scholar
  25. Harris, S. R., Lempert, W. R., Hersh, L., Burcham, C. L., Saville, A., Miles, R. B., Gee, K., and Haughland, R. P. 1996a, Quantitative measurements on internal circulation in droplets using flow tagging velocimetry, AIAA J., vol. 34, no. 3, 449–454ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Harris, S. R., Miles, R. B., and Lempert, W. R. 1996b, Observations of fluid flow produced in a closed cylinder by a rotating lid using the PHANTOMM (Photo-Activated Non Intrusive Tracking of Molecular Motion) flow tagging technique, Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, July 8–11, 1996, 15.3.1– 15.3.9Google Scholar
  27. Hartmann, W. K., Gray, M. H. B., Ponce, A., and Nocera, D. G. 1996, Substrate induced phosphorescence from cyclodextrin • lumophore host-guest complexes, Inorg. Chim. Acta, vol. 243, 239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hilbert, H. S. and Falco, R. E 1991, Measurements of flows during scavenging in a two-stroke engine, SAE Technical Paper 910671.Google Scholar
  29. Hill, R.B. and Klewicki, J. C. 1995, Data reduction methods for flow tagging velocity measurements, Exp. Fluids, vol. 20, no. 3, 142–152.Google Scholar
  30. Koochesfahani, M. M., Gendrich, C. P., and Nocera, D. G. 1993, A new technique for studying the Lagrangian evolution of mixing interfaces in water flows, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 38, no. 12, 2287Google Scholar
  31. Koochesfahani, M. M., Beresh, S. J., and MacKinnon, C. G. 1994, Volumetric visualization of 3-D flow structure in a low Reynolds number forced wake, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., vol. 39, no. 9, 1947Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Koochesfahani
    • 1
  • R. K. Cohn
    • 1
  • C. P. Gendrich
    • 1
  • D. G. Nocera
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Mechanical EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Departments of ChemistryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations