Advertisement

Pathologie 4 pp 369-459 | Cite as

Pathologie der Schwangerschaft, der Plazenta und des Neugeborenen

  • M. Vogel
Chapter

Literatur

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 1.
    Assali NS (ed) (1972) Pathophysiology of gestation, vol II: Fetal-placental disorders, vol III: Fetal and neonatal disor­ders. Academic Press, New York LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Avery GB, Fletcher MA, MacDonald MG (1994) Neonatology. Pathophysiology and management of the newborn, 4th edn. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) (1981) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Benirschke K, Driscoll SG (1967) The pathology of the human placenta. In: Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, Bd VIFS. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 98–571Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Benirschke K, Kaufmann P (1990) Pathology of the human placenta, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    de Sa DJ (1995) Pathology of neonatal intensive care. Chapman & Hall Medical, London GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dimmick JE, Kalousek DK (eds) (1992) Developmental pathology of the embryo and fetus. Lippincott, Philadelphia New York London HagerstownGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keeling JD (ed) (1987) Fetal and neonatal pathology. Springer, London Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Larroche J-C (1977) Developmental pathology of the neonate. Excerpta Medica, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Perrin EVDK (ed) (1984) Pathology of the placenta. Chur­chill, Livingstone New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Philippe E (1986) Pathologie foeto-placentaire. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Polin RA, Fox WW (1992) Fetal and neonatal physiology, vols 1 and 2. Saunders, Philadelphia London Toronto MontrealGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reed GB, Claireaux AE, Bain AD (1989) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman&Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stocker J Th, Dehner LP (1992) Pediatric pathology, vol 1 and 2. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vogel M (1996) Atlas der morphologischen Plazentadiagnostik, 2. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) (1991) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, vols 1 and 2. Blackwell, Oxford London EdinburghGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Becker V (1969) Die Plazenta bei der Geburt. Fortschr Med 87:132–134Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Beer AE (1975) Immunogenetic determinants of the size of the fetoplacental unit and their operandi. Europ J Obstet Reprod Biol 5:135–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Boyd JD, Hamilton WJ (1970) The human placenta. Heifer & Sons, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Crane JP, Cheung SW (1988) Prenatal diagnosis 8:119–129PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Freese UE (1968) The uteroplacental vascular relationship in the human. Am J Obstet Gynec 101:8–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Gröschel-Stewart U (1981) Plazenta als endokrines Organ. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 217–233Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Gruenwald P (1975) Lobular architecture of primate placentas. In: Gruenwald P (ed) The placenta and its maternal supply line. Medical and Technical Publ, Lancaster, pp 35–55Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Hertig AT, Rock J, Adams EC (1956) A description of 34 human ova within the first 17 days of development. Am J Anat 98:435–494PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Hinney B, Günther E, Kuhn W (1988) Der Nachweis schützender Antikörper in der Schwangerschaft. Ber Gynäkol Geburtshilfe 125:73Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Hörmann G (1948) Die Reifung der menschlichen Chorionzotte im Lichte ökonomischer Zweckmäßigkeit. Zbl Gynäk 70:625–631Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Hörmann G (1958) Zur Systematik einer Pathologie der menschlichen Placenta. Arch Gynäk 191:297–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Kaufmann P (1990) Architecture of normal villous tree. In: Benirschke K, Kaufmann P (eds) Pathology of the human placenta, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Krieg H, Bohn H (1981) Immunologie der Plazenta. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 234–249Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Krohn M (1990) Die Wertigkeit laborchemischer Parameter bei der Beurteilung der gestörten Frühgravidität. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 45–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Lanman JT (1975) Immunological functions of the placenta. In: Gruenwald P (ed) The placenta and its maternal supply line. Medical and Technical Publ, Lancaster, pp 145–157Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Longo LD, Bartels H (eds) (1972) Respiratory gas exchange and blood flow in the placenta. DHEW Publication No (NIH) 73–361. Bethesda, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Mac Intyre IA, Faulk WP, Verhulst SJ, Colliver I (1983) Human trophoblast lymphocyte crossreactive (TLX) antigens define a new alloantigen system. Science 222:1135–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Moll W (1981) Physiologie der Plazenta. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 129–198Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Parisi VM, Walsk SW (1989) Fetoplacental vascular response to prostacyclin after thromboxane induced vasoconstriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol 160:502–507PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Ramsey EM, Donner MW (1980) Placental vasculature and circulation. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. 37.
    Sargent J, Ellis S, McMichael A, Redman CWG (1986) A novel HLA antigen on human extravillous trophoblast. J Reprod Immunol, Suppl 33Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Schuhmann R (1976) Die funktionelle Morphologie der Plazentone reifer menschlicher Plazenten. Organisation Gestosis-Press, BaselGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Schweikhart (1984) Klinische Bedeutung der morphologischen Beurteilung von Plazentazotten. Ber Gynäk Geburtsh 120:517–518Google Scholar
  24. 40.
    Strauss F (1967) Die normale Anatomie der menschlichen Placenta. In: Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, Bd VII. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 1–96Google Scholar
  25. 41.
    Sunderland CA, Naiem M, Mason DY et al. (1981) The expression of major histocompatibility antigens by human chorionic villi. J Reprod Immunol 3:323–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Tuchmann-Duplessis H, Haegel P (1972) Illustrated human embryology, vol I. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Wild AE (1983) Trophoblast cell surface receptors. In: Loke YW, Whyte A (eds) Biology of trophoblast. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 472–512Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Wilkin P (1965) Pathologie du Placenta. Masin & Cie, ParisGoogle Scholar
  29. 45.
    Wilkes BM, Mento PF (1988) Bradykinin-induced vasoconstriction and thromboxane release in perfused human placenta. Am Physiol 254:681–686Google Scholar
  30. 46.
    Wynn RM (1975) Morphology of the Placenta. In: Assali NS (ed) Biology of gestation, vol I. Academic Press, New York London, pp 93–184Google Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Boué A (ed) (1976) Prenatal diagnosis/diagnostic prenatal. Les Colloqueus de l’Institute National des la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale. Inserm ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Carr DH (1967) Chromosome anomalies as a cause of spontaneous abortion. Am J Obstet Gynecol 97:283–293PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Dallenbach-Hellweg G (1988) Endometrial factors in pregnancy failure. XVII Internal Congr, Internal AC Pathol, Dublin, Abstract No 197Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Diekamp M (1990) Praktisches Vorgehen bei der immunologischen Behandlung von Patientinnen mit habituellem Abort. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 83–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Donat H, Fritzsche CH, Morenz J (1989) Auftreten und Bedeutung humoraler Antikörper bei Frauen mit wiederholten Spontanaborten. Zentralbl Gynäkol 11:811–815Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Geisler M, Kleinebrecht J (1978) Cytogenetic and histologic analysis of spontaneous abortions. Human Genet 45:239–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Grosse-Wilde H, Kuhn U (1988) Immundiagnostik und -therapie des habituellen Abortes. Gynäkologe 21:149–261Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Held KR (1990) Genetische Aspekte des habituellen Aborts. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 63–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Kalousek DK, Neave C (1992) Pathology of abortion, the embryo and the previable fetus. In: Wigglesworth IS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, vol 1. Blackwell, Boston Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 123–160Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Kline I, Stein Z (1987) Epidemiology of chromosomal anomalies in spontaneous abortion: Prevalence, manifestation and determinants. In: Bennet MI, Edmonds DK (eds) Spontaneous and recurrent abortion. Blackwell, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne, pp 29–50Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Poland BI, Miller IR, Harris M et al. (1981) Spontaneous abortion. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand (Suppl) 102:5–32Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Rehder H, Coerdt W, Eggers R, Klink F, Schwinger E (1989) Is there a correlation between morphological and cytogenetic findings in placental tissue from early missed abortions? Hum Genet 82:337–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Rushton DI (1984) The classification and mechanisms of spontaneous abortion. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 8:269–287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 30.
    Shapiro S, Bross D (1980) Risk factors for fetal death in studies of vital statistics data Inference and limitations. In: Porter JA, Hook EB (eds) Human embryonic and fetal death. Academic Press, New York London Toronto, pp 89–105Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  16. 32.
    Vogel M (1993) Kommentar zu Horn L-C: Genetisch bedingte Frühaborte. Gynäkol Prax 17:21–32Google Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Altshuler G (1977) Placentitis, with new light on an old torch. Acta Gynecol 2:197–221Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Altshuler G (1984) Placental infection and inflammation. In: Perrin E (ed) Pathology of the placenta. Churchill Livingstone, New York Edinburgh London Melbourne, pp 141–163Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Anders D, Kindermann G, Pfeiffer U (1973) Metastasing fetal neuroblastoma with involvement of the placenta simulating fetal erythroblastosis. J Pediatr 82:50–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Arabin B, Jimenez E, Vogel M, Weitzel HK (1992) Relationship of utero-and fetoplacental blood flow velocity wave forms with pathomorphological placental findings. Fetal Diagn Ther 7:173–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Baergen R, Benirschke K, Ulich TR (1994) Cytokine expression in the placenta: the role of interleukin 1 and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist expression in chorioamnionitis and parturition. Arch Pathol Lab Med 118:52–55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Bartholomew RA, Colvin ED, Grimes WH Jr et al. (1961) Criteria by which toxemia of pregnancy may be diagnosed from unlabeled formalinfixed placentas. Am J Obstet Gynecol 82:277–290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Becker V (1971) Die Chronopathologie der Plazenta. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 96:1845–1849PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Becker V (1977) Pathologie der Plazenta. Spezielle pathologische und diagnostische Probleme. In: Födisch HJ (Hrsg) Neue Erkenntnisse über die Orthologie und Pathologie der Plazenta. Enke, Stuttgart, S 26–44Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Blanc W (1981) Pathology of the placenta, membranes and umbilical cord in bacterial, fungal and viral infections in man. In: Naeye RL (ed) Perinatal diseases. Williams &Williams, Baltimore LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Brosens J, Renaer M (1972) On the pathogenesis of placental infarcts in preeclampsia. J Obstet Gynecol Br Cwth 79:794–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Bryan EM, Kohler HG (1974) The missing umbilical artery. Arch Dis Childh 49:841–852Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Burghardt E (Hrsg) (1985) Spezielle Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe. Springer, Wien New York, S 137–157Google Scholar
  13. 29.
    Deaton IL, Hoffmann JS, Howard S, Allred C, Koulos IP (1989) Molar pregnancy coexisting with a normal fetus: a case report. Gynecol Oncol 32:394–397PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 30.
    Driscoll SG (1975) Placental manifestations of malformation and infect. In: Gruenwald G (ed) The placenta and its maternal supply line. Medical and Technical Publ, Lancaster, pp 241–259Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Driscoll SG, Redline RW (1989) The placenta and adnexa. In: Reed GB, Chaireaux AE, Bain AD (eds) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman & Hall, London, pp 41–58Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Eckstein RP, Paradinas FI, Bagshawe KD (1982) Placental site trophoblastic tumor (trophoblastic pseudotumor). Histopathology 6:211–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Elston CW (1976) The histopathology of trophoblastic tumours. J Clin Pathol 29 [1]: Suppl 10:111–113, 128Google Scholar
  18. 34.
    Emmrich P (1976) Morphologische Probleme der chronischen Plazentainsuffizienz. Zentralbl Gynäk 98:641–646Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Emmrich P (1991) Pathologie der Plazenta. V. Zirkulationsstörungen der Plazenta. Fetales Gefäßsystem. Zentralbl Pathol 137:97–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Fox H (1978) Pathology of the placenta. Saunders, London Philadelphia TorontoGoogle Scholar
  21. 37.
    Friedmann W, Vogel M (1987) Postpartuale Beurteilung makroskopischer Plazentaveränderungen. In: Martius G (Hrsg) Differentialdiagnose in Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie, Bd I. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 253–266Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Genton CY, Bronz L, Möhr E, Spycher MA (1989) Placental site trophoblastic tumor. Pathologe 10:359–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Gersell DJ, Phillips NJ, Beckerman K (1990) Chronic chorioamnionitis. A clinicopathologic study of 17 cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol 10:217–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 40.
    Heifetz SA, Czaja J (1992) In situ choriocarcinoma arising in partial hydatiform mole: implications for the risk of persistent trophoblastic disease. Pediatr Pathol 12:601–611PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 41.
    Hörmann G, Lemtis H (1967) Die menschliche Plazenta. In: Schwahn H, Döderlein G (Hrsg) Klinik der Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Bd III. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München, S 425–636Google Scholar
  26. 42.
    Huber CP, Carter JE, Vellios F (1961) Lesions of the circulatory system of the placenta. A study of 234 placentas with special reference to the development of infarcts. Am J Obstet Gynecol 81:560–573PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Jimenez E, Vogel M (1981) Zum histologischen Ausbreitungsmuster entzündlicher Veränderungen in den Sekundinae. In: Schmidt E, Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd VIII. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 314–315Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Jimenez E, Vogel M, Arabin B, Wagner G, Mirsalim P (1988) Correlation of ultrasonographic measurement of the uteroplacental and fetal blood flow with the morphological diagnosis of placental function. Trophoblast Research 3:325–334Google Scholar
  29. 45.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  30. 46.
    Knott PD, Welply GAC, Anderson MJ (1984) Serologically proved intrauterine infection with parvovirus. Br J Med 289:1660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Kohler HG, Iqbal N, Jenkins DM (1976) Chorionic haemangiomata and abruptio placentae. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 83:667–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 48.
    Kubli F, Wernicke K (1981) Klinik der Plazenta. Plazentainsuffizienz. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 395–477Google Scholar
  33. 49.
    Kurman RJ (ed) Pathology of the female genital tract, 4th edn. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg, pp 1049–1093Google Scholar
  34. 50.
    Lemtis H (1968) Über Aneurysmen im fetalen Gefäßapparat der menschlichen Plazenta. Arch Gynäk 206:330–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 51.
    Leung AKC, Robson WLM (1989) Single umbilical artery. A report of 159 cases. AJDC 143:108–111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 52.
    Ludwig KS (1969) Pathologische Fibrinierung bei der Spätgestose. In: Rippmann. ET (Hrsg) Die Spätgestose. Karger, Basel, S 69–94Google Scholar
  37. 53.
    Mazur MT, Kurman RJ (1987) Choriocarcinoma and placental site trophoblastic tumor. In: Szulman AE, Buchsbaum HJ (eds) Gestational trophoblastic disease. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 45–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 54.
    Naeye RL, Tafari N, Judge D, Gilmour D, Marboe C (1977) Amniotic infections in an African city. J Pediatr 90:965–970PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 55.
    Naeye RL, Ross SM (1982) Amniotic fluid infection syndrome. Clin Obstet Gynecol 9:593–607Google Scholar
  40. 56.
    Omoy A, Segal S, Nishmi M, Simcha A, Polishuk WZ (1973) Fetal and placental pathology in gestational rubella. Am J Obstet Gynecol 116:949–956Google Scholar
  41. 57.
    Platz-Christensen JJ, Mattsby-Baltzer J, Thomsen P, Wiqvist N (1993) Endotoxin and interleukin-1 a in the cervical mucus and vaginal fluid of pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 169:1161–1166PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 58.
    Reichwein D, Vogel M (1972) Formen und Häufigkeit matemoplazentarer Durchblutungsstörungen bei Neugeborenen unterschiedlicher Gewichts-und Reifeklassen. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:364–378Google Scholar
  43. 59.
    Robinson HB, Bolande RP (1985) Fetal hepatoblastoma with placental metastasis. Pediat Pathol 4:163–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 60.
    Röse I, Albrecht G (1969) Die Listeriose im Kindersektionsgut. Zentralbl Allt Pathol 112:540–552Google Scholar
  45. 61.
    Romero R, Brody DT, Oyarzun E et al. (1989) Infection and labor. III. Interleukin-1: a signal for the onset of parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol 159:1117–1123Google Scholar
  46. 62.
    Sander CH (1980) Hemorrhagic endovasculitis and hemorrhagic villitis of the placenta. Arch Pathol Lab Med 104:371–373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 63.
    Scott JM, Henderson A (1972) Acute villous inflammation in the placenta following intrauterine transfusion. J Clin Pathol 25:872–875PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 64.
    Shen-Schwarz S, Macpherson TA, Müller-Heubach E (1985) Hemorrhagic endovasculitis of the placenta: incidence and clinical features in an unselected population. Zit. bei Redline W, Driscoll SG (1989)Google Scholar
  49. 65.
    Soma H (1979) Single umbilical artery with congenital malformations. In: Grundmann E (ed) Current topics in pathology, vol 66. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 159–173Google Scholar
  50. 66.
    Sotelo-Avila C, Graham M, Hanby DE, Rudolph AJ (1988) Nevus cell aggregates in the placenta. J Clin Pathol 89:395–400Google Scholar
  51. 67.
    Szulman AE, Buchsbaum HJ (eds) (1987) Gestational trophoblastic disease. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg TokyoGoogle Scholar
  52. 68.
    Verhagen A (1974) Tumor und Gravidität. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 69.
    Vogel M, Ahting M, Hartung M, Sating E (1974) CTG Befunde und ihre Beziehung zur Plazentamorphologie. Perinatale Medizin, Bd V. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 144–146Google Scholar
  54. 70.
    Wallenburg HCS (1971) On the morphology and pathogenesis of placental infarcts. van Denderen, GroningenGoogle Scholar
  55. 71.
    Wallenburg HCS (1971) Chorioangioma of the placenta. Obstet Gynecol Sury 26:411–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 17.
    Anger H, Ring A (1972) Die fetofetale Transfusion bei Zwillingen. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:164–167Google Scholar
  57. 18.
    Baldwin VJ (1993) Pathology of multiple pregnancy. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg TokyoGoogle Scholar
  58. 19.
    Bender HG, Brandt G (1974) Morphologie und Morphometrie der Fünflingsplazenta. Arch Gynäk 216:61–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 20.
    Fox H (1978) Pathology of the placenta. Saunders, London, pp 73–94Google Scholar
  60. 21.
    Grischke EM, Boos R, Schmidt W, Bastert G (1990) Zwillingsschwangerschaften mit fetofetalem Transfusionssyndrom. Z Geburtsh Perinat 194:17–21Google Scholar
  61. 22.
    Nylander PPS (1975) Frequency of multiple births. In: Mac Gilliray J, Nylander PPS, Corney G (eds) Human multiple reproduction. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 87ffGoogle Scholar
  62. 23.
    Potter EL, Craig JM (1976) Pathology of the fetus and the infant, 3rd edn. Lloyd-Luke, London, pp 207–237Google Scholar
  63. 24.
    Potter EL (1963) Twin zygosity and placental form in relation to the outcome of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 87:566–577PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 25.
    Quintero RA, Reich H, Puder KS et al. (1994) Brief report: umbilical cord ligation of an accrdiac twin by fetoscopy at 19 weeks of gestation. N Engl J Med 330:469–471PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 26.
    Strong SJ, Comey G (1967) The placenta in twin pregnancy. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  66. 27.
    Vogel M (1984) Mehrlingsplazenta. In: Martius G (Hrsg) Differentialdiagnose in der Geburtshilfe. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Büttner HH, Göcke H (1975) Kavernöses Hämangiom der Nabelschnur. Zentralbl Gynäk 97:439–442Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Chasnoff J, Fletcher MA (1977) True knot of the umbilical cord. Am J Obstet Gynecol 117:425–427Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Dudenhausen JW (1989) Praktische Geburtshilfe, 16. Aufl. de Gruyter, Berlin New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Heckmann U, Cornelius HV, Freudenberg V (1972) Das Teratom der Nabelschnur. Ein kasuistischer Beitrag zu den echten Tumoren der Nabelschnur. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 32:605–607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Mills JL, Harley EE, Moessinger AC (1983) Standards for measuring umbilical cord length. Placenta 4:423–426PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Moessinger CA, Blanc WA, Merone PA, Poison DC (1982) Umbilical cord length as an index of fetal activity: experimental study and clinical implications. Pediatr Res 16:109–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Rehder H, Weitzel H (1987) Intrauterine amputations after amniocentesis. Lancet 1:382Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Reles A, Friedmann W, Vogel M, Dudenhausen JW (1991) Intrauteriner Fruchttod nach Strangulation der Nabelschnur durch Amnionbänder. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 51:1006–1008PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Scheffel T, Langanke D (1970) Die Nabelschnurkomplikationen an der Universitäts-Frauenklinik Leipzig von 19551967. Zentralbl Gynäk 92:429–434Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Wessel J, Gerhold W, Unger M, Lichtenegger W, Vogel M (1992) Nabelschnurkomplikationen als Ursache des intrauterinen Fruchttodes. Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol 196:173–175PubMedGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    van Assche F, Hoet J, Jack P (1984) Endocrine pankreas of the pregnant mother, fetus and newborn. In: Beard R, Nathaniel IZ (eds) Fetal physiology and medicine, 2nd edn. Decker, New York, pp 127–152Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bethke K, Nierhaus K (1968) Fetales Hämoglobin und fetale Erythrozyten im mütterlichen Blut während der Schwangerschaft und der Geburt. Munch Med Wochenschr 110:509–516Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Björk O, Persson B (1982) Placental changes in relation to the degree of metabolic control in diabetes mellitus. Placenta 3:367–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Borchard F, Müntefering H (1969) Beitrag zur quantitativen Morphologie der Langerhans’schen Inseln bei Früh-und Neugeborenen. Virchows Arch Pathol Anat 346:178–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Busch W, Vogel M (1972) Die Placenta beim „Morbus haemolyticus neonatorum“. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:17–28Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Cowett RM, Schwartz R (1982) The infant of diabetic mother. Pediatr Clin North Am 29:1213–1215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Döring GK (1967) Normale Tragezeit. Verkürzte und verlängerte Tragzeit. In: Käser O, Friedberg V, Ober KG, Thomsen K (Hrsg) Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Bd II. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 522–533, 534–548Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Dudenhausen JW (1989) Praktische Geburtshilfe, 16. Aufl. de Gruyter, Berlin New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Emmrich P, Gödel E (1972) Morphologie der Plazenta bei mütterlichem Diabetes mellitus. Zentralbi Allg Pathol 116:56–63Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Emmrich P, Mälzer G (1968) Zur Morphologie der Plazenta bei Übertragung. Pathol Microbiol 32:285–302Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Gruenwald P (1975) Fetal deprivation and placental pathology: Concept and relationships. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspective in pediatric pathology. Year Book Medical Publ, Chicago, pp 101–149Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Heisig N (1975) Diabetes und Schwangerschaft. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Hitschold T, Weiss E, Berle P, Müntefering H (1989) Histologische Plazentabefunde bei Terminüberschreitung: Korrelation zwischen placentarer Reifungsretardierung, fetal-outcome und dopplersonographischen Befunden der Nabelarterie. Z Geburtsh Perinat 193:42–46Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Mallmann P, Gembruch U, Mallmann R, Hausmann M (1989) Untersuchungen in einer möglichen „immunologischen“ Genese des idiopathischen nichtimmun-hämolytischen Hydrops fetalis (NIHF) und erste Ergebnisse einer prophylaktischen Immuntherapie nachfolgender Schwangerschaften. Z Geburtsh Perinat 193:161–166Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Martius G (1972) Geburtshilfe in Stichworten. de Gruyter, Berlin New York, S 91–234Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Martius J, Martius G (1987) Blutungen in der zweiten Schwangerschaftshälfte. In: Martius G, Schmidt-Gollwitzer M (Hrsg) Differentialdiagnose in Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie, Bd I. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 70–86Google Scholar
  18. 34.
    Naeye RL (1965) Malnutrition. Arch Pathol 79:284–291Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Naeye RL (1967) Infants of prolonged gestation. A necropsy study. Arch Pathol 84:37–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Nelson L, Türkel S, Skulman J, Gabbe S (1977) Pancreatic islet fibrosis in young infants of diabetic mothers. Lancet ii:362–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 37.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 511–524Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Perrine SP, Greene MF, Faller DV (1985) Delay in the fetal globin switch in infants of diabetic mothers. N Engl J Med 321:334–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Rippmann ET, Rippen C (1972) EPH-Gestosis. Diagnose und Resultate. de Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  24. 40.
    Robertson WB, Brosens JA, Dixon G (1975) Uteroplacental vascular pathology. In: Brosens JA, Dixon G, Robertson WB (eds) Human placentation. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp 3–21Google Scholar
  25. 41.
    Rosso P, Winick M (1974) Intrauterine growth retardation. J Perinat Med 2:147–160PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Schmid G, Fahnenstich H, Redel DA et al. (1988) Nichtimmunologischer Hydrops fetalis — eine neue Übersicht über 31 Fälle. Klin Pädiatr 200:287–293PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Semmler K, Emmrich P (1989) Morphologie der Plazenta in Relation zur Qualität der metabolischen Kontrolle während der Schwangerschaft beim insulinpflichtigen und Gestationsdiahetes. Zentralbl Gynäkol 104:1494–1502Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Steldinger R, Weber B, Jimenez E, Vogel M (1991) Morphologische Untersuchungen von Placenten bei Typ I Diabetes mellitus. In: Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd XIII. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. 45.
    Teasdale F (1983) Histomorphometry of the human placenta in class B diabetes mellitus. Placenta 4:1–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 46.
    Teasdale F (1985) Histomorphometry of the human placenta in class C diabetes mellitus. Placenta 6:69–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Unger M, Jimenez E, Vogel M (1991) Morphologische Plazentaveränderungen nach Hydroxyäthylstärke-Infusion. In: Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd XIII. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 233–234Google Scholar
  32. 48.
    Vogel M (1967) Plakopathia diabetica. Entwicklungsstörungen der Placenta bei Diabetes mellitus der Mutter. Virchows Arch Pathol Anat 343:51–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 49.
    Weinstein L (1982) Syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count: a severe preeclampsiaeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 155:501–509Google Scholar
  34. 50.
    Weiss PAM, Hofman H (1985) Diabetes mellitus und Schwangerschaft. In: Burghardt E (Hrsg) Spezielle Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe. Springer, Wien New York, S 337–427Google Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Blaustein A (1977) Pathology of the female tract. Springer, New York Heidelberg Berlin, pp 647–654Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Dallenbach-Hellweg G (1981) Endometrium. Pathologische Histologie in Diagnostik und Forschung, 2. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 279–282Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Gummeris M, Saari-Kemppainen A (1986) Die ektopische Schwangerschaft. Zentralbl Gynäkol 108:112–117Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Hallat J (1982) Primary ovarian pregnancy: a report of twentyfive cases. Am Obstet Gynecol 143:55–60Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Hlavin G, Ladocsi L, Breen J (1978) Ectopic pregnancy. An analysis of 153 patients. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 6:42–47Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Karkut G, Jaluoka V (1980) Zervikale Zwillingsschwangerschaft. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 40:358–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Kattner W, Hofmann R (1980) Die simultane extra-und intrauterine Zwillingsschwangerschaft. Med Welt 31:1351–1352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Koh A, Banks T (1988) Unilateral tubal quadruplet pregnancy. A case report. J Reprod Med 33:414–416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Pape C (1985) Extrauteringravidität. In: Krebs D (Hrsg) Klinik der Frauenheilkunde und Geburtsheilkunde, Bd 3. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München, S 221–249Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Pauerstein CJ (1974) The fallopian tube: a reappraisal. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp 92–105Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Sommer J, Marzotko F, Wagner F, Hecker J (1985) Besondere Formen ektopischer Schwangerschaften. Zentralbl Gynäkol 107:393–402PubMedGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Anderson WR, Engel RR (1993) Cardiopulmonary sequelae of reparative stages of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 107:603–608Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Askin F (1992) Respiratory tract disorders in the fetus and neonate. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, vol 2. Blackwell Scientific Public, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 643–688Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Bancalari E, Stocker JTH (eds) (1988) Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Hemisphere Publ, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Bein G (1989) Kardiale Erkrankungen. In: Obladen M (Hrsg) Neugeborenenintensivpflege. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 199–238Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Bomsel F, Couchard M, Larroche J-CL, Magder L (1975) Diagnostic radiologique de l’hemorragic pulmonaire massive du nouveauné. Ann Radiol (Paris) 18:419–430Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Boros SJ, Mammel MC, Lewallen PK, et al (1986) Necrotizing tracheobronchitis: a complication of highfrequency ventilation. J Pediatr 109:95–100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Brown BL, Gleicher N (1981) Intrauterine meconium aspiration. Obstet Gynecol 57:26–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Cagle P, Langston C (1984) Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease as a cause of sudden infant death. Arch Pathol Lab Med 108:338–340PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Castile RG, Kleinberg F (1976) The pathogenesis and management of massive pulmonary hemorrhage in the neonate. Mayo Clin Proc 51:155–158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Clark DA (1982) HLA-A2 and chronic lung disease in neonates. JAMA 248:1868PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Emery JL, Mithal A (1960) The number of alveoli in the terminal respiratory unit of men during late intrauterine life and childhood. Arch Dis Childh 35:544PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Esterly JR, Oppenheimer EH (1966) Massive pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn. I. Pathologic considerations. J Pediatr 69:3–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Finer NN, Peter KL, Hayek Z, et al (1986) Prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in low birth weight infants. J Perinatol 6:148–156Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Födisch HJ (1978) Langzeitfolgen der Intensivtherapie beim Neugeborenen. Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol 62:432–436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Geggel RL, Reid LM (1984) The structural basis of PPHN. Clin Perinatol 11:525–549PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 32.
    Gluck L (ed) (1974) Modern perinatal medicine. Year Book Medical Publ, Chicago, pp 335–430Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Gorenflo M, Vogel M, Obladen M (1991) Pulmonary vascular changes in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A clinicopathologic correlation in short-and longterm survivors. Pediatr Pathol 11:851–866PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Hack H, Horbar JD, Malloy MH, et al. (1991) Very low birth weight outcomes of the National Institute of Child Health and human development neonatal network. Pediatrics 87:587–597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 35.
    Haworth SG (1983) Primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension in childhood. A clinico-pathological reappraisal. Curr Top Pathol 73:92–152Google Scholar
  20. 36.
    Hislop A, Reid L (1981) Growth and development of the respiratory system - anatomical development. In: Davis JA, Dobbing J (eds) Scientific foundations of pediatrics, 2nd edn. Heinemann, London, pp 390–432Google Scholar
  21. 37.
    Hjalmarson O (1981) Epidemiology and classification of acute neonatal respiratory disorders. A prospective study. Acta Paediatr Scand 70:773–783PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 38.
    Huber S, Vogel M (1990) Isolierte bilaterale Lungenhypoplasie bei Oligohydramnion. Z Klin Med 45:1941–1944Google Scholar
  23. 39.
    Joshi VV (1991) Common problems in pediatric pathology. Igaku-Shoin, New York Tokyo, pp 84–113Google Scholar
  24. 40.
    King DT, Emmanouilides GC, Andrews JC, Hirose FM (1980) Morphological evidence of accelerated closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Pediatrics 65:872–880PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 41.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Levine MJ, Batish O, Wigglesworth JS et al (1984) A prospective study of intrapulmonary fat accumulation in the newborn lung following intralipid infusion. Acta Pediatr Scand 73:454–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Long W, Thompson T, Sundell H et al (1991) Effects of two rescue doses of a synthetic surfactant on mortality rate and survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia in 7001350 g infants with respiratory distress. J Pediatr 118:595–605PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 44.
    Mahnke PF (1979) Früh-und Spätkomplikationen des Nabelvenenkatheterismus. Dtsch Gesundh Wesen 34:985–988Google Scholar
  29. 45.
    Martin RJ, Klaus MH, Fanaroff AA (1986) Respiratory problems. In: Fanaroff AA (ed) Care of the high risk neonate. Saunders, Philadelphia London Toronto Sydney Tokyo Hongkong, pp 171–220Google Scholar
  30. 46.
    Mimouni F, Ballard JL, Ballard ET, Cotton RT (1986) Necrotizing tracheobronchitis: case report. Pediatrics 77:366–368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Moessinger AC, Collins MH, Blanc WA et al (1986) Oligohydramnios-induced lung hypoplasia: the influence of timing and duration in gestation. Pediatr Res 20:951–954PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 48.
    Moore TR, Longo J, Leopold GR et al (1989) The reialibility and predictive value of an amniotic scoring system in severe second-trimester oligohydramnions. Obstet Gynecol 73:739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 49.
    Naeye RL, Tafari N (1983) Risk factors in pregnancy and diseases of the fetus and newborn. Williams & Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  34. 50.
    Nickerson BG (1984) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia - Chronic pulmonary disease following neonatal respiratory failure. Chest 87:528–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 51.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 187 ff.Google Scholar
  36. 52.
    Obladen M (1992) Die Entwicklung der Surfactant-Substitutionstherapie. Perinatal Medizin 4 (Beilage):3–5Google Scholar
  37. 53.
    O’Brodovich HM, Mellins RB (1985) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Unresolved neonatal acute lung injury. Am Rev Respir Dis 132:694–709PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 54.
    Perkin RM, Anas NG (1984) Pulmonary hypertension in pediatric patients. J Pediatr 105:511–522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 55.
    Rudolph AM (1980) High pulmonary vascular resistance after birth. 1. Pathophysiologic considerations and etiologic classification. Clin Pediatr 19:585–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 56.
    Stocker JTh (1986) The pathology of longstanding “healed” bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A study of 28 infants 3–40 months of age. Hum Pathol 17:943–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 57.
    Stocker JTh (1989) Neonatal pulmonary pathology. In: Reed GB, Claireaux AE, Bain AD (eds) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman & Hall Medical, London, pp 247–273Google Scholar
  42. 58.
    Stocker JTh, Drake RM, Madewell JE (1978) Cystic and congenital lung diseases in the newborn. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspective in pediatric pathology, vol 4. Year Book Medical Publ, pp 93–154Google Scholar
  43. 59.
    Stocker JTh, McGill LC, Orsini EN (1985) Postinfarction peripheral cysts of the lung in pediatric patients: a possible cause of idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax. Pediatr Pulmonol 1:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 60.
    Stockhausen von HB (1990) Ursachen und Wandel bakterieller Infektionen bei Neugeborenen. Z Geburtshilfe Perinat 195:131–136Google Scholar
  45. 61.
    Vocks M, Vogel M (1984) Todesursachen bei Neugeborenen mit Pulmonal-Hyalin-Membran-Syndrom. In: Kowalewski S (Hrsg) Pädiatr. Intensivmedizin VI. INA Bd 47. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 223–225Google Scholar
  46. 62.
    Vogel M (1981) Mißbildungen und Anomalien der Lunge. In: Seifert G (Hrsg) Pathologie der Lunge, Bd 16/1 Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 126–178Google Scholar
  47. 63.
    Vogel M (1990) Histological determination of the degree of lung maturity. In: Grauel EL, Stern L, Syllm-Rapoport J (eds) Research in perinatal medicine 2. Gesundheit, Berlin, S 37–45Google Scholar
  48. 64.
    Vogel M (1990) Oligohydramnie und pulmonale Hyperplasie. In: Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd 13. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 82–86Google Scholar
  49. 65.
    Vogel M, Neudeck H (1994) Morphologisch faßbare Lungenveränderungen nach exogener Surfactant Therapie. In: Grauel EL, Wauer RR (eds) Research in perinatal medicine 3. Ullstein Mosby, Berlin, pp 123–131Google Scholar
  50. 66.
    Vogel M, Schnoy N, Dudenhausen JW (1984) Morphologische Entwicklung der Lungen: Koordination von Wachstum und Reifung peripherer Lungenstrukturen in der Fetalperiode. Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol 68:470–471Google Scholar
  51. 67.
    Waagenvoort CA, Waagenvoort N (1974) The pathology of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease. Virchows Arch Pathol Anat Histol 364:69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 68.
    Wauer RR, Schwerecke A, Schmalisch G (1991) Surfactant zur Prophylaxe und Therapie des Atemnotsyndroms Frühgeborener. Med Aktuell 17:202–205Google Scholar
  53. 69.
    Werthammer J, Brown ER, Neff RK, Taeusch HW (1982) Sudden infant death syndrome in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics 69:301–304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 70.
    Wigglesworth JS (1987) Pathology of the lung in the fetus and neonate, with particular reference to problems of growth and maturation. Histopathology 11:671–678PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 71.
    Wigglesworth JS, Desai R (1981) Use of DNA estimation for growth assessment in normal and hypoplastic fetal lungs. Arch Dis Childh 56:601–605PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Arey JB (1984) Cardiovascular pathology in infants and children. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 320–350Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Becker AE, Anderson RH (1981) Cardiac tumours or tumour-like lesions. In: Becker AE (ed) Pathology of congenital heart disease. Butterworth, London, pp 419–430Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Bein G (1995) Kardiale Erkrankungen. In: Obladen M (Hrsg) Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 223–264Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Escher E, Scott JS (1979) Congenital heart block and maternal systemic lupus erythematosus. Br Med J 1:1235–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Franciosi RA, Blanc WA (1968) Myocardial infarcts in infants and children. J Pediatr 73:309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Ferrans VJ, McAllister HA Jr, Haese WH (1976) Infantile cardiomyopathy with histiocytoid change in cardiac muscle cells. Circulation 53:708–719PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Kibrick S, Benirschke K (1956) Acute aspect of myocardites and meningoencephalitis in the newborn child infect with coxsackie virus group B, type 3. N Engl J Med 255:883–889PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Alagille D, Odièvre M (1979) Liver and biliary tract diseases in children. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Beischer NA, Mackay EV (1986) Obstetrics and the newborn, 2nd Br edn, vol V. Baillière Tindall, London Philadelphia Toronto Mexico City Rio de Janeiro Sydney, pp 598–617Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Brough AJ, Bernstein J (1974) Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in early infancy, a reassessment of liver-biopsy. Hum Pathol 5:507–516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Brown EG, Sweet AY (eds) (1980) Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Grune & Stratton, New York London Toronto SydneyGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Dehner LP (1981) Neoplasms of the fetus and neonate. In: Naeye RL, Kissane JM, Kaufmann N (eds) Perinatal diseases. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 286–345Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    DeSa DJ (1992) The alimentary tract. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology. Blackwell, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 903–979Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Di Sant Agnese PA, Farrell PM (1976) Neonatal and general aspects of cystic fibrosis. In: Young DS, Hicks JM (eds) The neonate. Wiley & Sons, New York Sydney Toronto, pp 199–217Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Dimmick JE (1991) Liver disease in the perinatal period. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds), vol 2. Blackwell. Boston Oxford London, pp 981–1019Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Frantz JD, Heureux P, Engel RR, Hunt CE (1975) Necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 86:259–263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    French CE, Waldstein G (1982) Subcapsular hemorrhage of the liver in the newborn. Pediatrics 69:204–208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Hammoudi SM, Corkery IJ (1985) Congenital hemangiopericytoma of the duodenum. J Pediatr Surg 20:559–560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Henderson KC, Evan MT (1977) Differentialdiagnosis of abdominal masses in the neonate. Pediatr Clin North Am 24:557–578PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Mahnovski V, Rosenthal Ph (1989) The gastrointestinal system. In: Reed GB, Claureaux AE, Bain AD (†) (eds) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman&Hall Medical, London, pp 275–290Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Obladen M (1986) Nekrotisierende Enterocolitis. Pathogenese und iatrogene Faktoren. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 134:515–519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Oppenheimer EH, Esterly JR (1975) Pathology of cystic fibrosis. Review of the literature and comparison with 146 autopsied cases. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspectives in pediatric pathology, vol 2. Year Book Med Publ, Chicago, pp 241–278Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Srigley JR, Mancer K (1984) Solitary intestinal fibromatosis with perinatal bowel obstruction. Pediatr Pathol 2:249–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Touloukian RJ, Posch J, Spencer R (1972) The pathogenesis of ischaemic gastroenterocolitis of the neonate, selective gut mucosal ischaemia in asphyxiated piglets. J Pediatr. Surg 7:194–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Tyson JE, DeSa DJ, Moore S (1976) Thrombatheromatous complications of umbilical arterial catheterization in the newborn period. Arch Dis Child 51:744–754PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 35.
    Waldschmidt J (1995) Fehlbildungen und Erkrankungen des Digestionstrakts. In: Obladen M (Hrsg) Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 283–327Google Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Ahand SK, Northray JS, Crussi FG (1978) Acute renal failure in newborn infants. J Pediatr 92:985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bernstein J (1978) Renal cortical and medullary necrosis. In: Edelmann CH Jr (ed) Pediatric kidney disease. Little Brown, Boston, pp 1105–1107Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Drago JR, Rohner RJ, Sanford EJ, Maesels MJ (1977) Perinatal asphyxia and renal failure in neonatal patients. J Urol 118:80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Lobeck H, Jimenez E, Krause PH, Paust H, Lennert Th (1981) Kongenitales nephrotisches Syndrom. Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol 65:399Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Norio R, Rapola J (1989) Congenital and infantile nephrotic syndromes. Prog Clin Biol Res 305:179–185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Potter EL (1972) Normal and abnormal development of the kidney. Year Book Medical Publ, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Rapola J (1991) The kidneys and urinary tract. In: Wiggles-worth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, vol 2. Blackwell, Boston Oxford London Edinburgh, pp 1109–1143Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Stallmach Th (1989) Der Entwicklungsstand der fetalen Niere als diagnostische Hilfe bei intrauteriner Dystrophie und primärer Wachstumsretardierung. Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol 73:601–602Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Zollinger HU, Mihatsch MJ (1978) Renal pathology in biopsy. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg sNew YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. 17.
    Becker V (1976) Fibrinthromben in Placentagefäßen bei intrauterinem Schock. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat 369:259–267Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bleyl M, Büsing CM (1970) Kreislaufschock und disseminierte intravasale Gerinnung bei intrauterinem und perinatalem Fruchttod. Klin Wochenschr 48:13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Joshi VV (1994) Common problems in pediatric pathology. Igaku-Shoin, New York Tokyo, pp 84–113Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 139–161Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Kuhn W, Graeft H, Bleyl M (1977) Gerinnungsstörungen in der Geburtshilfe, 2. Aufl. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 511–513Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Vogel M, Schuhmacher E (1986) Perinatal-und Neonatalsterblichkeit. Bedeutung pathologisch-anatomischer Untersuchungen. Dtsch Ärztebl 83:354–360Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 1.
    Assali NS (1972) (ed) Pathophysiology of gestation. Vol II: Fetal-Placental Disorders. Vol III: Fetal and Neonatal Disorders. Academic Press, New York LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Avery GB, Fletcher MA, Mac Donald MG (1994) Neonatology. Pathophysiology and management of the newborn. 4th ed. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (1981) (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Benirschke K, Driscoll SG (1967) The pathology of the human placenta. In: Hdb Spez Path Anat Hist, Bd VII/5. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 98–571Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Benirschke K, Kaufmann P (1995) Pathology of the human placenta, 3nd ed. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    de Sa DJ (1995) Pathology of neonatal intensive care. Chapman and Hall Medical, London GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dimmick JE, Kalousek DK (eds) (1992) Developmental pathology of the embryo and fetus. Lippincott, Philadelphia New York London HagerstownGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keeling JW (ed) (1987) Fetal and neonatal pathology. Springer, London Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Larroche J-C (1977) Developmental pathology of the neonate. Excerpta Medica, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Perrin EVDK (ed) (1984) Pathology of the placenta. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Philippe E (1986) Pathologie foeto-placentaire. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Polin RA, Fox WW (1992) Fetal and neonatal physiology, vols 1 and 2. Saunders, Philadelphia London Toronto MontrealGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reed GB, Claireaux AE, Bain AD (1989) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stocker J Th, Dehner LP (1992) Pediatric Pathology, Vols 1 and 2. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vogel M (1996) Atlas der morphologischen Plazentadiagnostik. 2. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) (1991) Testbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, Vols 1 and 2. Blackwell Scientific Publ, Oxford London EdinburghGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Becker V (1969) Die Plazenta bei der Geburt. Fortschr Med 87:132–134Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Beer AE (1975) Immunogenetic determinants of the size of the fetoplacental unit and their operandi. Europ J Obstet Reprod Biol 5:135–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Boyd JD, Hamilton WJ (1970) The Human Placenta. Heffer & Sons, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Crane JP, Cheung SW (1988) Prenatal diagnosis. 8:119–129PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Freese UE (1968) The uteroplacental vascular relationship in the human. Am J Obstet Gynec 101:8–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Gröschel-Stewart U (1981) Plazenta als endokrines Organ. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New, York, pp 217–233Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Gruenwald P (1975) Lobular architecture of primate placentas. In: Gruenwald P (ed) The Placenta and its Maternal Supply Line. Medical and Technical Publ, Lancaster, pp 35–55Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Hertig AT, Rock J, Adams EC (1956) A description of 34 human ova within the first 17 days of development. Am J Anat 98:435–494PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Hinney B, Günther E, Kuhn W (1988) Der Nachweis schützender Antikörper in der Schwangerschaft. Ber Gynäkol Geburtshilfe 125:73Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Hörmann G (1948) Die Reifung der menschlichen Chorionzotte im Lichte ökonomischer Zweckmäßigkeit. Zbl Gynäk 70:625–631Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Hörmann G (1958) Zur Systematik einer Pathologie der menschlichen Placenta. Arch Gynäk 191:297–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Kaufmann P (1990) Architecture of normal villous tree. In: Benirschke K, Kaufmann P: Pathology of the human placenta, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Krieg H, Bohn H (1981) Immunologie der Plazenta. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, pp 234–249Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Krohn M (1990) Die Wertigkeit laborchemischer Parameter bei der Beurteilung der gestörten Frühgravidität. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York London, S 45–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Lanman JT (1975) Immunological functions of the placenta. In: Gruenwald P (ed) The Placenta and its Maternal Supply Line. Medical and Technical Publ, Lancaster, pp 145–157Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Longo LD, Bartels H (eds) (1972) Respiratory Gas Exchange and Blood Flow in the Placenta. DHEW Publication No (NIH) 73–361. Bethesda, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Mac Intyre IA, Faulk WP, Verhulst SJ, Colliver I (1983) Human trophoblast lymphocyte crossreactive (TLX) antigens define a new alloantigen system. Science 222:1135–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Moll W (1981) Physiologie-der Plazenta. In: Becker V, Schiebler TH, Kubli F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, pp 129–198Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Parisi VM, Walsk SW (1989) Fetoplacental vascular response to prostacyclin after thromboxane induced vasoconstriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol 160:502–507PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Ramsey EM, Donner MW (1980) Placental Vasculature and Circulation. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. 37.
    Sargent J, Ellis S, McMichael A, Redman CWG (1986) A novel HLA antigen on human extravillous trophoblast. J Reprod Immunol, Suppl 33Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Schuhmann R (1976) Die funktionelle Morphologie der Plazentone reifer menschlicher Plazenten. Organisation Gestosis-Press, BaselGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Schweikhart (1984) Klinische Bedeutung der morphologischen Beurteilung von Plazentazotten. Ber Gynäk Geburtsh 120:517–518Google Scholar
  24. 40.
    Strauss F (1967) Die normale Anatomie der menschlichen Placenta. In: Handbuch der Spez Pathol Anat Hist Bd VIII S. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 1–96Google Scholar
  25. 41.
    Sunderland CA, Naiem M, Mason DY et al (1981) The expression of major histocompatibility antigens by human chorionic villi. J Reprod Immunol 3:323–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Tuchmann-Duplessis H, Haegel P (1972) Illustrated Human Embryology, Vol. I. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Wild AE (1983) Trophoblast cell surface receptors. In: Loke YW, Whyte A (eds) Biology of Trophoblast. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 472–512Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Wilkin P (1965) Pathologie du Placenta. Mason et Cie, ParisGoogle Scholar
  29. 45.
    Wilkes BM, Mento PF (1988) Bradykinin-induced vasoconstriction and thromboxane release in perfused human placenta. Am Physiol Soc, pp 681–686Google Scholar
  30. 46.
    Wynn RM (1975) Morphology of the Placenta. In: Assali NS (ed) Biology of Gestation, Vol I. Academic Press, New York London, pp 93–184Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Boué A (ed) (1976) Prenatal Diagnosis/Diagnostic prenatal. Les Colloques de l’Institute National des la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale. Inserm, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Can DH (1967) Chromosome anomalies as a cause of spontaneous abortion. Am J Obstet Gynec 97:283–293Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Dallenbach-Hellweg G (1988) Endometrial factors in pregnancy failure. XVII Internal Congr, Internal AC Pathol Dublin, Abstract Nro. 197Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Diekamp M (1990) Praktisches Vorgehen bei der immunologischen Behandlung von Patientinnen mit habituellem Abort. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 83–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Donat H, Fritzsche CH, Morenz J (1989) Auftreten und Bedeutung humoraler Antikörper bei Frauen mit wiederholten Spontanaborten. Zentralbl Gynäkol 11:811–815Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Geisler M, Kleinebrecht J (1978) Cytogenetic and histologic analysis of spontaneous abortions. Human Genetics 45:239–251PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Grosse-Wilde H, Kuhn U (1988) Immundiagnostik und -therapie des habituellen Abortes. Gynäkologe 21:149–261Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Held KR (1990) Genetische Aspekte des habituellen Aborts. In: Trams G (Hrsg) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 63–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Kalousek DK, Neave C (1992) Pathology of abortion, the embryo and the previable fetus. In: Wigglesworth IS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of Fetal and Perinatal Pathology., Vol. 1. Blackwell Scientific Publs, Boston Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 123–160Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Kline I, Stein Z (1987) Epidemiology of chromosomal anomalies in spontaneous abortion: Prevalence, manifestation and determinants. In: Bennet MI, Edmonds DK (eds) Spontaneous and Recurrent Abortion. Blackwell, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne, pp 29–50Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Poland BI, Miller IR, Harris M et al (1981) Spontaneous abortion. Acta Obstet Gynec Scand (Suppl) 102:5–32Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Rehder H, Coerdt W, Eggers R, Klink F, Schwinger E (1989) Is there a correlation between morphological and cytogenetic findings in placental tissue from early missed abortions? Hum Genet 82:337–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Rushton DI (1984) The classification and mechanisms of spontaneous abortion. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 8:269–287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 30.
    Shapiro S, Bross D (1980) Risk factors for fetal death in studies of vital statistics data: Inference and limitations. In: Porter JA, Hook EB (eds) Human Embryonic and Fetal Death. Academic Press, New York London Toronto, pp 89–105Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Trams G (Hrsg) (1990) Die gestörte Frühschwangerschaft. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  16. 32.
    Vogel M (1993) Kommentar zu Horn L-C: Genetisch bedingte Frühaborte. Gynäkol Prax 17:21–32Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Altshuler G (1977) Placentitis, with new light on an old torch. Acta Gynecol 2:197–221Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Altshuler G (1984) Placental Infection and Inflammation. In: Perrin E (ed) Pathology of the Placenta. Churchill, Livingstone New York Edinburgh London Melbourne, pp 141–163Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Anders D, Kindermann G, Pfeiffer U (1973) Metastasing fetal neuroblastoma with involvement of the placenta simulating fetal erythroblastosis. J Pediatr 82:50–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Arabin B, Jimenez E, Vogel M, Weitzel HK (1992) Relationship of utero-and fetoplacental blood flow velocity wave forms with pathomorphological placental findings. Fetal Diagn Ther 7:173–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Baergen R, Benirschke K, Ulich TR (1994) Cytokine expression in the placenta: the role of interleukin 1 and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist expression in chorioamnionitis and parturition. Arch Pathol Lab Med 118:52–55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Bartholomew RA, Colvin ED, Grimes WH jr, Fish JS, Lester WM, Galloway WH (1961) Criteria by which toxemia of pregnancy may be diagnosed from unlabeled formalinfixed placentas. Am J Obstet Gynec 82:277–290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Becker V (1971) Die Chronopathologie der Plazenta. Dtsch Med Wschr 96:1845–1849PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Becker V (1977) Pathologie der Plazenta. Spezielle pathologische und diagnostische Probleme. In: Födisch HJ (Hrsg) Neue Erkenntnisse über die Orthologie und Pathologie der Plazenta. Enke, Stuttgart, pp 26–44Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Blanc W (1981) Pathology of the Placenta, Membranes and Umbilical Cord in Bacterial, Fungal and Viral Infections in Man. In: Naeye RL (ed) Perinatal Diseases. Williams and Williams, Baltimore LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Brosens J, Renaer M (1972) On the pathogenesis of placental infarcts in preeclampsia. J Obstet Gynec Br Cwth 79:794–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Bryan EM, Kohler HG (1974) The missing umbilical artery. Arch Dis Childh 49:844–852PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Burghardt E (1985) (Hrsg) Spezielle Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe. Springer, Wien New York, pp 137–157Google Scholar
  13. 29.
    Deaton IL, Hoffmann JS, Howard S, Allred C, Koulos IP (1989) Molar pregnancy coexisting with a normal fetus: a case report. Gynecol Oncol 32:394–397PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 30.
    Driscoll SG (1975) Placental Manifestations of Malformation and Infect. In: Gruenwald G (ed) The Placenta and its Maternal Supply Line. Medical and Technical Publ Lancaster, pp 244–259Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Driscoll SG, Redline RW (1989) The placenta and adnexa. In: Reed GB, Chaireaux AE, Bain AD (eds) Diseases of the fetus and newborn. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 41–58Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Eckstein RP, Paradinas FI, Bagshawe KD (1982) Placental site trophoblastic tumor (trophoblastic pseudotumor). Histopathology 6:211–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Elston CW (1976) The histopathology of trophoblastic tumours. J Clin Path 29, Suppl 10:111–13:128Google Scholar
  18. 34.
    Emmrich P (1976) Morphologische Probleme der chronischen Plazentainsuffizienz. Zbl Gynäk 98:641–646Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Emmrich P (1991) Pathologie der Plazenta. V. Zirkulationsstörungen der Plazenta. Fetales Gefäßsystem. Zentralbl Pathol 137:97–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Fox H (1978) Pathology of the Placenta. Saunders, London Philadelphia TorontoGoogle Scholar
  21. 37.
    Friedmann W, Vogel M (1987) Postpartuale Beurteilung makroskopischer Plazentaveränderungen. In: Martius G (Hrsg) Differentialdiagnose in Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie, Bd I. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 253–266Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Genton CY, Bronz L, Möhr E, Spycher MA (1989) Placental site trophoblastic tumor. Pathologe 10:359–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Gersell DJ, Phillips NJ, Beckerman K (1990) Chronic chorioamnionitis. A clinicopathologic study of 17 cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol 10:217–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 40.
    Heifetz SA, Czaja J (1992) In situ choriocarcinoma arising in partial hydatiform mole: implications for the risk of persistent trophoblastic disease. Pediatr Pathol 12:601–611PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 41.
    Hörmann G, Lemtis H (1967) Die menschliche Plazenta. In: Schwahn H, Döderlein G (Hrsg) Klinik der Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe. Bd III. Urban u Schwarzenberg, München, S 425–636Google Scholar
  26. 42.
    Huber CP, Carter JE, Vellios F (1961) Lesions of the circulatory system of the placenta. A study of 234 placentas with special reference to the development of infarcts. Am J Obstet Gynec 81:560–573PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Jimenez E, Vogel M (1981) Zum histologischen Ausbreitungsmuster entzündlicher Veränderungen in den Sekundinae. In: Schmidt E, Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd VIII. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, pp 314–315Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Jimenez E, Vogel M, Arabin B, Wagner G, Mirsalim P (1988) Correlation of ultrasonographic measurement of the uteroplacental and fetal blood flow with the morphological diagnosis of placental function. Trophoblast Research 3:325–334Google Scholar
  29. 45.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  30. 46.
    Knott PD, Welply GAC, Anderson MJ (1984) Serologically proved intrauterine infection with parvovirus. Br J Med 289:1660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Kohler HG, Iqbal N, Jenkins DM (1976) Chorionic haemangiomata and abruptio placentae. Br J Obstet Gynaec 83:667–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 48.
    Kubli F, Wernicke K (1981) Klinik der Plazenta. Plazentainsuffizienz. In: Becker V, Schieber TH, Kubi F (Hrsg) Die Plazenta des Menschen. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, pp 395–477Google Scholar
  33. 49.
    Kurman RJ (ed) Pathology of the female genital tract. 4th edn. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg, pp 1049–1093Google Scholar
  34. 50.
    Lemtis H (1968) Über Aneurysmen im fetalen Gefäßapparat der menschlichen Plazenta. Arch Gynäk 206:330–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 51.
    Leung AKC, Robson WLM (1989) Single umbilical artery. A report of 159 cases. AJDC 143:108–111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 52.
    Ludwig KS (1969) Pathologische Fibrinierung bei der Spätgestose. In: Rippmann ET (Hrsg) Die Spätgestose. Basel, S 69–94Google Scholar
  37. 53.
    Mazur MT, Kurmau RJ (1987) Choriocarcinoma and placental site trophoblastic tumor. In: Szulman AE, Buchs-baum HJ (eds) Gestational trophoblastic disease. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 45–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 54.
    Naeye RL, Tafari N, Judge D, Gilmour D, Marboe C (1977) Amniotic infections in an African city. J Pediatr 90:965–970PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 55.
    Naeye RL, Ross SM (1982) Amniotic fluid infection syndrome. Clinics in Obstet Gynec 9:593–607Google Scholar
  40. 56.
    Omoy A, Segal S, Nishmi M, Simcha A, Polishuk WZ (1973) Fetal and placental pathology in gestational rubella. Am J Obstet Gynecol 116:949–956Google Scholar
  41. 57.
    Platz-Christensen JJ, Mattsby-Baltzer J, Thomsen P, Wiqvist N (1993) Endotoxin and interleukin-la in the cervical mucus and vaginal fluid of pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 169:1161–1166PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 58.
    Reichwein D, Vogel M (1972) Formen und Häufigkeit maternoplazentarer Durchblutungsstörungen bei Neugeborenen unterschiedlicher Gewichts-und Reifeklassen. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:364–378Google Scholar
  43. 59.
    Robinson HB, Bolande RP (1985) Fetal hepatoblastoma with placental metastasis. Pediat Pathol 4:163–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 60.
    Röse I, Albrecht G (1969) Die Listeriose im Kindersektionsgut. Zbl all Path 112:540–552Google Scholar
  45. 61.
    Romero R, Brody DT, Oyarzun E, Mazor M et al (1989) Infection and labor. III. Interleukin-1: a signal for the onset of parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol 159:1117–1123Google Scholar
  46. 62.
    Sander CH (1980) Hemorrhagic endovasculitis and hemorrhagic villitis of the placenta. Arch Pathol Lab Med 104:371–373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 63.
    Scott JM, Henderson A (1972) Acute villous inflammation in the placenta following intrauterine transfusion. J Clin Path 25:872–875PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 64.
    Shen-Schwarz S, Macpherson TA, Müller-Heubach E (1985) Hemorrhagic endovasculitis of the placenta: incidence and clinical features in an unselected population. Zit. b. Redline W, Driscoll SG (1989)Google Scholar
  49. 65.
    Soma H (1979) Single umbilical artery with congenital malformations. In: Grundmann E (ed) Current Topics in Pathology, Vol 66. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 159–173Google Scholar
  50. 66.
    Sotelo-Avila C, Graham M, Hanby DE, Rudolph AJ (1988) Nevus cell aggregates in the placenta. J Clin Path 89:395–400Google Scholar
  51. 67.
    Szulman AE, Buchsbaum HJ (eds) (1987) Gestational Trophoblastic Disease. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg TokyoGoogle Scholar
  52. 68.
    Verhagen A (1974) Tumor und Gravidität. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 69.
    Vogel M, Ahting M, Hartung M, Saling E (1974) CTG Befunde und ihre Beziehung zur Plazentamorphologie. Perinatale Medizin Bd V. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 144–146Google Scholar
  54. 70.
    Wallenburg HCS (1971) On the morphology and pathogenesis of placental infarcts. van Denderen, GroningenGoogle Scholar
  55. 71.
    Wallenburg HCS (1971) Chorioangioma of the placenta. Obstet Gynec Surv 26:411–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Anger H, Ring A (1972) Die fetofetale Transfusion bei Zwillingen. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:164–167Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Baldwin VJ (1993) Pathology of multiple pregnancy. Springer, New York Berlin HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Bender HG, Brandt G (1974) Morphologie und Morphometrie der Fünflingsplazenta. Arch Gynäk 216:61–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Fox H (1978) Pathology of the placenta. Saunders, London, pp 73–94Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Grischke EM, Boos R, Schmidt W, Bastert G (1990) Zwillingsschwangerschaften mit fetofetalem Transfusionssyndrom. Z Geburtsh u Perinat 194:17–21Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Nylander PPS (1975) Frequency of multiple births. In: Mac Gilliray J, Nylander PPS, Corney G (eds) Human Multiple Reproduction. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 87ffGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Potter EL, Craig JM (1976) Pathology of the fetus and the infant, Lloyd-Luke, London 3rd edn. pp 207–237Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Potter EL (1963) Twin zygosity and placental form in relation to the outcome of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynec 87:566–577PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Quintero RA, Reich H, Puder KS, Bardicef M et al (1994) Brief report: umbilical cord ligation of an acardiac twin by fetoscopy at 19 weeks of gestation. New Engl J Med 330:469–471PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Strong SJ, Corney G (1967) The Placenta in Twin Pregnancy. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Vogel M (1984) Mehrlingsplazenta. In: Martius G (Hrsg) Differentialdiagnose in der Geburtshilfe. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Büttner HH, Göcke H (1975) Kavernöses Hämangiom der Nabelschnur. Zbl Gynäk 97:439–442Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Chasnoff J, Fletcher MA (1977) True knot of the umbilical cord. Am J Obstet Gynec 117:425–427Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Dudenhausen JW (1989) Praktische Geburtshilfe, 16. Aufl. de Gruyter, Berlin New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Heckmann U, Cornelius HV, Freudenberg V (1972) Das Teratom der Nabelschnur. Ein kasuistischer Beitrag zu den echten Tumoren der Nabelschnur. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 32:605–607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Mills JL, Harley EE, Moessinger AC. (1983) Standards for measuring umbilical cord length. Placenta 4:423–426PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Moessinger CA, Blanc WA, Merone PA, Polsen DC (1982) Umbilical cord length as an index of fetal activity: experimental study and clinical implications. Pediatr Res 16:109–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Rehder H, Weitzel H (1987) Intrauterine amputations after amniocentesis. Lancet 1:382Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Reles A, Friedmann W, Vogel M, Dudenhausen JW (1991) Intrauteriner Fruchttod nach Strangulation der Nabelschnur durch Amnionbänder. Geburtsh u Frauenheilk 51:1006–1008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Scheffel T, Langanke D (1970) Die Nabelschnurkomplikationen an der Universitäts-Frauenklinik Leipzig von 1955–1967. Zbl Gynäk 92:429–434Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Wessel J, Gerhold W, Unger M, Lichtenegger W, Vogel M (1992) Nabelschnurkomplikationen als Ursache des intrauterinen Fruchttodes. Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol 196:173–175PubMedGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    van Assche F, Hoet J, Jack P (1984) Endocrine pankreas of the pregnant mother, fetus and newborn. In: Beard R, Nathaniel IZ (eds) Fetal Physiologie and Medicine, 2nd edn. Decker, New York, pp 127–152Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bethke K, Nierhaus K (1968) Fetales Hämoglobin und fetale Erythrozyten im mütterlichen Blut während der Schwangerschaft und der Geburt. Munch Med Wschr 110:509–516Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Björk O, Persson B (1982) Placental changes in relation to the degree of metabolic control in diabetes mellitus. Placenta 3:367–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Borchard F, Müntefering H (1969) Beitrag zur quantitativen Morphologie der Langerhans’schen Inseln bei Früh-und Neugeborenen. Virchows Arch Path Anat 346:178–198Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Busch W, Vogel M (1972) Die Placenta beim „Morbus haemolyticus neonatorum“. Z Geburtsh Perinat 176:17–28Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Cowett RM, Schwartz R (1982) The infant of diabetic mother. Pediatr Clin North Am 29:1213–1215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Döring GK (1967) Normale Tragezeit. Verkürzte und verlängerte Tragzeit. In: Käser O, Friedberg V, Ober KG, Thomsen K (Hrsg) Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Bd H. Thieme, Stuttgart, pp 522–533, 534–548Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Dudenhausen JW (1989) Praktische Geburtshilfe, 16. Aufl. de Gruyter, Berlin New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Emmrich P, Gödel E (1972) Morphologie der Plazenta bei mütterlichem Diabetes mellitus. Zbl allg Path 116:56–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Emmrich P, Mälzer G (1968) Zur Morphologie der Plazenta bei Übertragung. Path Microbiol 32:285–302Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Gruenwald P (1975) Fetal Deprivation and Placental Pathology: Concept and Relationships. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspective in Pediatric Pathology. Year Book Medical Publ, Chicago, pp 101–149Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Heisig N (1975) Diabetes und Schwangerschaft. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Hitschold T, Weiss E, Berle P, Müntefering H (1989) Histologische Plazentabefunde bei Terminüberschreitung: Korrelation zwischen placentarer Reifungsretardierung, fetal-outcome und dopplersonographischen Befunden der Nabelarterie. Z Geburtsh u Perinat 193:42–46Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Mallmann P, Gembruch U, Mallmann R, Hausmann M (1989) Untersuchungen in einer möglichen „immunologischen“ Genese des idiopathischen nichtimmun-hämolytischen Hydrops fetalis (NIHF) und erste Ergebnisse einer prophylaktischen Immuntherapie nachfolgender Schwangerschaften. Z Geburtsh u Perinat 193:161–166Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Martius G (1972) Geburtshilfe in Stichworten. de Gruyter, Berlin New York, pp 91–234Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Martius G, Loock W (1984) Blutungen in der zweiten Schwangerschaftshälfte. In: Martius G, Schmidt-Gollwitzer M: Differentialdiagnose in Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie. S. 283–289Google Scholar
  18. 34.
    Naeye RL (1965) Malnutrition. Arch Path 79:284–291Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Naeye RL (1967) Infants of prolonged gestation. A necropsy study. Arch Path 84:37–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 36.
    Nelson L, Türkei S, Skulman J, Gabbe S (1977) Pancreatic islet fibrosis in young infants of diabetic mothers. Lancet ii:362–363Google Scholar
  21. 37.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 511–524Google Scholar
  22. 38.
    Perrine SP, Greene MF, Faller DV (1985) Delay in the fetal globin switch in infants of diabetic mothers. N Engl J Med 321:334–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 39.
    Rippmann ET, Rippert C (1972) EPH-Gestosis. Diagnose und Resultate. de Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  24. 40.
    Robertson WB, Brosens JA, Dixon G (1975) Uteroplacental vascular pathology. In: Brosens JA, Dixon G, Robertson WB (eds) Human Placentation. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp 3–21Google Scholar
  25. 41.
    Rosso P, Winick M (1974) Intrauterine growth retardation. J Perinat Med 2:147–160PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Schmid G, Fahnenstich H, Redel DA, Gembruch U, Niesen M, Kowalewski S (1988) Nicht-immunologischer Hydrops fetalis - eine neue Übersicht über 31 Fälle. Klin Pädiatr 200:287–293PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Semmler K, Emmrich P (1989) Morphologie der Plazenta in Relation zur Qualität der metabolischen Kontrolle während der Schwangerschaft beim insulinpflichtigen und Gestationsdiabetes. Zentrabl Gynäkol 104:1494–1502Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Steldinger R, Weber B, Jimenez E, Vogel M (1991) Morphologische Untersuchungen von Placenten bei Typ I Diabetes mellitus. In: Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin XIII. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. 45.
    Teasdale F (1983) Histomorphometry of the Human Placenta in Class B Diabetes mellitus. Placenta 4:1–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 46.
    Teasdale F (1985) Histomorphometry of the Human Placenta in Class C Diabetes mellitus. Placenta 6:69–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Unger M, Jimenez E, Vogel M (1991) Morphologische Plazentaveränderungen nach Hydroxyäthylstärke-Infusion. In: Dudenhausen JW, Saling E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd XIII. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 233–234Google Scholar
  32. 48.
    Vogel M (1967) Plakopathia diabetica. Entwicklungsstörungen der Placenta bei Diabetes mellitus der Mutter. Virchows Arch Path Anat 343:51–63Google Scholar
  33. 49.
    Weinstein L (1982) Syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count: a severe preeclampsiaeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 155:501–509Google Scholar
  34. 50.
    Weiss PAM, Hofman H (1985) Diabetes mellitus und Schwangerschaft. In: Burghardt E (Hrsg) Spezielle Gynäkologie und. Geburtshilfe. Springer, Wien New York, S 337–427Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Blaustein A (1977) Pathology of the Female Tract. Springer, New York Heidelberg Berlin, pp 647–654Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Dallenbach-Hellweg G (1981) Endometrium. Pathologische Histologie in Diagnostik und Forschung, 2. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 279–282Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Gummeris M, Saari-Kemppainen A (1986) Die ektopische Schwangerschaft. Zbl Gynäkol 108:112–117Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Hallat J (1982) Primary ovarian pregnancy: a report of twentyfive cases. Am J Obstet Gynecol 143:55–60Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Hlavin G, Ladocsi L, Breen J (1978) Ectopic pregnancy. An analysis of 153 patients. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 6:42–47Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Karkut G, Jaluoka V (1980) Zervikale Zwillingsschwangerschaft. Geburtsh u Frauenheilk 40:358–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Kattner W, Hofmann R (1980) Die simultane extra-und intrauterine Zwillingsschwangerschaft. Med Welt 31:1351–1352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Koh A, Banks T (1988) Unilateral tubal quadruplet pregnancy. A case report. J Reprod Med 33:414–416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Pape C (1985) Extrauteringravidität. In: Krebs D (Hrsg) Klinik der Frauenheilk u Geburtsh, Bd 3. Urban u Schwarzenberg, München, S 221–249Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Pauerstein CJ (1974) The Fallopian Tube: a Reappraisal. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp 92–105Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Sommer J, Marzotko F, Wagner F, Hecker J (1985) Besondere Formen ektopischer Schwangerschaften. Zbl Gynäkol 107:393–402Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Anderson WR, Engel RR (1993) Cardiopulmonary sequelae of reparative stages of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 107:603–608Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Askin F (1992) Respiratory tract disorders in the fetus and neonate. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, Vol 2. Blackwell Scientific Public, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 643–688Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Bancalari E, Stocker JTH (eds) (1988) Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Hemisphere Publ, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Bein G (1989) Kardiale Erkrankungen. In: Obladen M, Neugeborenenintensivpflege. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 199–238Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Bomsel F, Couchard M, Larroche J-CL, Magder L (1975) Diagnostic radiologique de l’hemorragic pulmonaire massive du nouveauné. Ann Radiol (Paris) 18:419–430Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Boros SJ, Mammel MC, Lewallen PK, et al (1986) Necrotizing tracheobronchitis: a complication of highfrequency ventilation. J Pediatr 109:95–100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Brown BL, Gleicher N (1981) Intrauterine meconium aspiration. Obstet Gynecol 57:26–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 24.
    Cagle P, Langston C (1984) Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease as a cause of sudden infant death. Arch Pathol Lab Med 108:338–340PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 25.
    Castile RG, Kleinberg F (1976) The pathogenesis and management of massive pulmonary hemorrhage in the neonate. Mayo Clin Proc 51:155–158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    Clark DA (1982) HLA-A2 and chronic lung disease in neonates. JAMA 248:1868PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Emery JL, Mithal A (1960) The number of alveoli in the terminal respiratory unit of men during late intrauterine life and childhood. Arch Dis Childh 35:544PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Esterly JR, Oppenheimer EH (1966) Massive pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn. I. Pathologic considerations. J Pediatr 69:3–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Finer NN, Peter KL, Hayck Z, et al (1986) Prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in low birth weight infants. J Perinatol 6:148–156Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Födisch HJ (1978) Langzeitfolgen der Intensivtherapie beim Neugeborenen. Verh Dtsch Ges Path 62:432–436Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Geggel RL, Reid LM (1984) The structural basis of PPHN. Clin Perinatol 11:525–549PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 32.
    Gluck L (ed) (1974) Modern Perinatal Medicine. Year Book Medical Publ, Chicago, pp 335–430Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Gorenflo M, Vogel M, Obladen M (1991) Pulmonary vascular changes in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A clinicopathologic correlation in short-and longterm survivors. Pediatr Pathol 11:851–866PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Hack H, Horbar JD Malloy MH, Tyson JE, Wright E, Wright L (1991) Very low birth weight outcomes of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Network. Pediatrics 87:587–597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 35.
    Haworth SG (1983) Primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension in childhood. A clinico-pathological reappraisal. Curr Top Pathol 73:92–152Google Scholar
  20. 36.
    Hislop A, Reid L (1981) Growth and development of the respiratory system - anatomical development. In: Davis JA, Dobbing J (eds) Scientific Foundations of Pediatrics, 2nd edn. Heinemann, London, pp 390–432Google Scholar
  21. 37.
    Hjalmarson O (1981) Epidemiology and classification of acute neonatal respiratory disorders. A prospective study. Acta Paediatr Scand 70:773–783PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 38.
    Huber S, Vogel M (1990) Isolierte bilaterale Lungenhypoplasie bei Oligohydramnion. Z klin Med 45:1941–1944Google Scholar
  23. 39.
    Joshi VV (1991) Common Problems in Pediatric Pathology. Igaku-Shoin, New York Tokyo, pp 84–113Google Scholar
  24. 40.
    King DT, Emmanouilides GC, Andrews JC, Hirose FM (1980) Morphological evidence of accelerated closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Pediatrics 65:872–880PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 41.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  26. 42.
    Levine MJ, Batish O, Wigglesworth JS, et al (1984) A prospective study of intrapulmonary fat accumulation in the newborn lung following intralipid infusion. Acta Pediatr Scand 73:454–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 43.
    Long W, Thompson T, Sundell H, et al (1991) Effects of two rescue doses of a synthetic surfactant on mortality rate and survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia in 7001350 g infants with respiratory distress. J Pediatr 118:595605Google Scholar
  28. 44.
    Mahnke PF (1979) Früh-und Spätkomplikationen des Nabelvenenkatheterismus. Dtsch Gesundh-Wesen 34:985–988Google Scholar
  29. 45.
    Martin RJ, Klaus MH, Fanaroff AA (1986) Respiratory problems. In: Care of the high risk neonate. Saunders, Philadelphia London Toronto Sydney Tokyo Hongkong, pp 171–220Google Scholar
  30. 46.
    Mimouni F, Ballard JL, Ballard ET, Cotton RT (1986) Necrotizing tracheobronchitis: case report. Pediatrics 77:366–368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 47.
    Moessinger AC, Collins MH, Blanc WA, et al (1986) Oligohydramnios-induced lung hypoplasia: the influence of timing and duration in gestation. Pediatr Research 20:951–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 48.
    Moore TR, Longo J, Leopold GR, et al (1989) The reliability and predictive value of an amniotic scoring system in severe second-trimester oligohydramnions. Obstet Gynecol 73:739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 49.
    Naeye RL, Tafari N (1983) Risk factors in pregnancy and diseases of the fetus and newborn. Williams and Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  34. 50.
    Nickerson BG (1984) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia - Chronic pulmonary disease following neonatal respiratory failure. Chest 87:528–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 51.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege. 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S. 187 ffGoogle Scholar
  36. 52.
    Obladen M (1992) Die Entwicklung der Surfactant-Substitutionstherapie. Perinatal Medizin 4 (Beilage), 3–5Google Scholar
  37. 53.
    O’brodovich HM, Mellins RB (1985) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Unresolved neonatal acute lung injury. Am Rev Respir Dis 132:694–709PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 54.
    Perkin RM, Anas NG (1984) Pulmonary hypertension in pediatric patients. J Pediatr 105:511–522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 55.
    Rudolph AM (1980) High pulmonary vascular resistance after birth. 1. Pathphysiologic considerations and etiologic classification. Clin Pediatr 19:585–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 56.
    Stocker JTh (1986) The pathology of longstanding “healed” bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A study of 28 infants 3–40 months of age. Hum Pathol 17:943–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 57.
    Stocker JTh (1989) Neonatal pulmonary pathology. In: Reed GB, Claireaux AE, Bain AD (eds) Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn. Chapman and Hall Medical, London, pp 247–273Google Scholar
  42. 58.
    Stocker JTh, Drake RM, Madewell JE (1978) Cystic and congenital lung diseases in the newborn. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspective in Pediatric Pathology, Vol 4. Year Book Medical Publ, pp 93–154Google Scholar
  43. 59.
    Stocker JTh, McGill LC, Orsini EN (1985) Postinfarction peripheral cysts of the lung in pediatric patients: a possible cause of idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax. Pediatr Pulmonol 1:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 60.
    Stockhausen von HB (1990) Ursachen und Wandel bakterieller Infektionen bei Neugeborenen. Z Geburtshilfe Perinat 195:131–136Google Scholar
  45. 61.
    Vocks M, Vogel M (1984) Todesursachen bei Neugeborenen mit Pulmonal-Hyalin-Membran-Syndrom. In: Kowalewski S (Hrsg) Pädiatr Intensivmedizin VI INA Bd 47. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 223–225Google Scholar
  46. 62.
    Vogel M (1981) Mißbildungen und Anomalien der Lunge. In: Seifert G (Hrsg) Pathologie der Lunge. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 126–178Google Scholar
  47. 63.
    Vogel M (1990) Histological determination of the degree of lung maturity. In: Grauel EL, Stern L, Syllm-Rapoport J (eds) Research in Perinatal Medicine, 2. Gesundheit, Berlin, pp 37–45Google Scholar
  48. 64.
    Vogel M (1990) Oligohydramnie und pulmonale Hypoplasie. In: Dudenhausen JW, Sating E (Hrsg) Perinatale Medizin, Bd 13. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S. 82–86Google Scholar
  49. 65.
    Vogel M, Neudeck H (1994) Morphologisch faßbare Lungenveränderungen nach exogener Surfactant Therapie. In: Grauel EL, Wauer RR (Hrsg) Research in Perinatal Medicine 3. Ullstein Mosby, Berlin, pp 123–131Google Scholar
  50. 66.
    Vogel M, Schnoy N, Dudenhausen JW (1984) Morphologische Entwicklung der Lungen: Koordination von Wachstum und Reifung peripherer Lungenstrukturen in der Fetalperiode. Verh Dtsch Ges Path 68:470–471Google Scholar
  51. 67.
    Waagenvoort CA, Waagenvoort N (1974) The pathology of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease. Virchows Arch Pathol Anat Histol 364:69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 68.
    Wauer RR, Schwerecke A, Schmalisch G (1991) Surfactant zur Prophylaxe und Therapie des Atemnotsyndroms Frühgeborener. Med aktuell 17:202–205Google Scholar
  53. 69.
    Werthammer J, Brown ER, Neff RK, Taeusch HW (1982) Sudden infant death syndrome in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics 69:301–304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 70.
    Wigglesworth JS (1987) Pathology of the lung in the fetus and neonate, with particular reference to problems of growth and maturation. Histopathology 11:671–678PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 71.
    Wigglesworth JS, Desai R (1981) Use of DNA estimation for growth assessment in normal and hypoplastic fetal lungs. Arch Dis Childh 56:601–605PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Arey JB (1984) Cardiovascular Pathology in Infants and Children. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 320–350Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Becker AE, Anderson RH (1981) Cardiac tumours or tumour-like lesions. In: Pathology of Congenital Heart Disease. Butterworth, London, pp 419–430Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Bein G (1995) Kardiale Erkrankungen. In: Obladen M, Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg London Paris New York, S 223–264Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Escher E, Scott JS (1979) Congenital heart block and maternal systemic lupus erythematosus. Br Med J 1:1235–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Franciosi RA, Blanc WA (1968) Myocardial infarcts in infants and children. J Pediatr 73:309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Ferraris VJ, McAllister HA jr, Haese WH (1976) Infantile cardiomyopathy with histiocytoid change in cardiac muscle cells. Circulation 53:708–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Kibrick S, Benirschke K (1956) Acute aspect of myocarditis and meningoencephalitis in the newborn child infect with coxsackie virus group B, type 3. New Engl J Med 255:883–889PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Alagille D, Odièvre M (1979) Liver and biliary tract diseases in children. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Beischer NA, Mackay EV (1986) Obstetrics and the Newborn, 2nd Br Ed V, Baillière Tindall, London Philadelphia Toronto Mexico City Rio de Janeiro Sydney, pp 598–617Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Brough AJ, Bernstein J (1974) Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia in early infancy, a reassessment of liver-biopsy. Hum Pathol 5:507–516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Brown EG, Sweet AY (eds) (1980) Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Grune and Stratton, New York London Toronto SydneyGoogle Scholar
  5. 21.
    Dehner LP (1981) Neoplasms of the fetus and neonate. In: Naeye RL, Kissane JM, Kaufmann N (eds) Perinatal diseases. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 286–345Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    DeSa DJ (1992) The alimentary tract. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology. Blackwell Scientific Publ, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne Paris Berlin Wien, pp 903–979Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Di Sant Agnese PA, Farrell PM (1976) Neonatal and General Aspects of Cystic Fibrosis. In: Young DS, Hicks JM (eds) The Neonate. J Wiley & Sons, New York London Sydney Toronto, pp 199–217Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Dimmick JE (1991) Liver disease in the perinatal period. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer DB (eds) Vol 2. Blackwell Scientific Publ, Boston Oxford London, pp 981–1019Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Frantz JD, Heureux P, Engel RR, Hunt CE (1975) Necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediat 86:259–263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 26.
    French CE, Waldstein G (1982) Subcapsular hemorrhage of the liver in the newborn. Pediatrics 69:204–208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Hammoudi SM, Corkery IJ (1985) Congenital hemangiopericytoma of the duodenum. J Pediatr Surg 20:559–560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    Henderson KC, Evan MT (1977) Differentialdiagnosis of abdominal masses in the neonate. Pediatr Clin North Am 24:557–578PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 29.
    Mahnovski V, Rosenthal Ph (1989) The gastrointestinal system. In: Reed GB, Claireaux AE, Bain AD (eds) Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn. Chapman and Hall Medical, London, pp 275–290Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Obladen M (1986) Nekrotisierende Enterocolitis. Pathogenese und iatrogene Faktoren. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 134:515–519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 31.
    Oppenheimer EH, Esterly JR (1975) Pathology of Cystic Fibrosis. Review of the Literature and Comparison with 146 Autopsied Cases. In: Rosenberg HS, Bolande RP (eds) Perspectives in Pediatric Pathology, Vol 2. Year Book Med Publ, Chicago, pp 241–278Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Srigley JR, Mancer K (1984) Solitary intestinal fibromatosis with perinatal bowel obstruction. Pediatr Pathol 2:249–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 33.
    Touloukian RJ, Posch J, Spencer R (1972) The pathogenesis of ischaemic gastroenterocolitis of the neonate, selective gut mucosal ischaemia in asphyxiated piglets. J Ped Surg 7:194–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 34.
    Tyson JE, deSa DJ, Moore S (1976) Thrombatheromatous complications of umbilical arterial catheterization in the newborn period. Arch Dis Child 51:744–754PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 35.
    Waldschmidt J (1995) Fehlbildungen und Erkrankungen des Digestionstrakts. In: Obladen M: Neugeborenenintensivpflege, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 283–327Google Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Ahand SK, Northray JS, Crussi FG (1978) Acute renal failure in newborn infants. J Pediatr 92:985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bernstein J (1978) Renal cortical and medullary necrosis. In: Edelmann CH Jr (ed) Pediatric kidney disease. Little Brown, Boston, pp 1105–1107Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Drago JR, Rohner RI, Sanford EJ, Maesels MJ (1977) Perinatal asphyxia and renal failure in neonatal patients. J Urol 118:80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    Lobeck H, Jimenez E, Krause PH, Paust H, Lennert Th (1981) Kongenitales nephrotisches Syndrom. Verh Dtsch Ges Path 65:399Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Norio R, Rapola J (1989) Congenital and infantile nephrotic syndromes. Prog Clin Biol Res 305:179–185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Potter EL (1972) Normal and abnormal development of the kidney. Year Book Medical Publ, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    Rapola J (1991) The kidneys and urinary tract. In: Wiggles-worth JS, Singer DB (eds) Textbook of fetal and perinatal pathology, Vol 2. Blackwell, Boston Oxford London Edinburgh, pp 1109–1143Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Stallmach Th (1989) Der Entwicklungsstand der fetalen Niere als diagnostische Hilfe bei intrauteriner Dystrophie und primärer Wachstumsretardierung. Verh Dtsch Ges Path 73:601–602Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Zollinger HU, Mihatsch MJ (1978) Renal Pathology in Biopsy. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 268–273Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Vogel M, Stoltenburg-Didinger G (1982) Kleinhirngewebeembolie nach Geburt aus Beckenendlage. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 42:534Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Wigglesworth JS (1977) Intracranial birth trauma in vaginal breech delivery: the continued importance of injury to the occipital bone. Br J Obstet Gynaec 84:684–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 17.
    Becker V (1976) Fibrinthromben in Placentagefäßen bei intrauterinem Schock. Virchows Arch A Path Anat 369:259267Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    Bleyl M, Büsing CM (1970) Kreislaufschock und disseminierte intravasale Gerinnung bei intrauterinem und perinatalem Fruchttod. Klin Wschr 48:13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    Joshi VV (1994) Common problems in pediatric pathology. Igaku-Shoin, New York Tokyo pp 84–113Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Kloos K, Vogel M (1974) Pathologie der Perinatalperiode. Thieme, Stuttgart, SS 139–161Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Kuhn W, Graeft H, Bleyl M (1977) Gerinnungsstörungen in der Geburtshilfe, 2. Aufl. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  6. 22.
    Obladen M (1995) Neugeborenenintensivpflege. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 511–513Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Vogel M, Schuhmacher E (1986) Perinatal-und Neonatalsterblichkeit. Bedeutung pathologisch-anatomischer Untersuchungen. Dtsch Ärztebl 83:354–360Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Vogel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations