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Biologie und Genetik der Sucht

  • W. Maier
  • P. Franke
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Alkohol- und Drogenabhängigkeit stellen eine umfassende gesundheitspolitische und sozioökonomische Herausforderung dar, deren Bedeutung zukünftig eher noch ansteigen wird. Den Versuchen, die Entstehungsmechanismen von Sucht und die daraus resultierenden Bewältigungsmechanismen beziehungsweise therapeutischen Strategien zu erfassen, liegen durchaus unterschiedliche theoretische Annahmen zugrunde. Die Behandlung von süchtigen Menschen erfolgte lange Zeit ausschließlich durch soziale Einrichtungen und Beratungsstellen und beschränkte sich weitgehend auf eine Entgiftungsbehandlung. Obwohl soziale und kulturelle Faktoren einen Beitrag zur Drogenverfügbarkeit leisten, ist gegenwärtig unbestritten, dass Abhängigkeit eine chronische und zu Rückfällen neigende Erkrankung darstellt, die einer medizinischen Behandlung bedarf.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Maier
  • P. Franke

There are no affiliations available

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