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Computerunterstützte Diagnose

  • C. Ohmann
Conference paper
Part of the Langenbecks Archiv für Chirurgie book series (DTGESCHIR, volume 1988)

Zusammenfassung

Zahlreiche Modelle computerunterstützter Diagnose (cuD) wurden entwickelt, aber nur wenige haben sich in der klinischen Routine durchsetzen können. In dieser Arbeit wird kurz die Methodik der (cuD) dargestellt und ein Überblick über klinische Anwendungen gegeben. Standards zur Evaluierung dieser Modelle werden aufgezeigt und anhand von Beispielen erläutert. Die mangelnde Evaluierung der meisten vorhandenen Diagnosesysteme wird als Hauptursache für den bisher eingeschränkten Einsatz der (cuD) in der Klinik angesehen. Durch neue methodische und technische Entwicklungen sind zukünftig mehr Anwendungen in der Klinik zu erwarten.

Schlüsselwörter

Computerunterstützte Diagnose Expertensystem Wahrscheinlichkeit Evaluierung 

Computer-Aided Diagnosis

Summary

Numerous models of computer-aided diagnosis have been developed. However, only a few are used in the clinical routine. The methodology of computer-aided diagnosis is described briefly in this paper and a survey of clinical applications is given. Standards for evaluating these models are proposed and illustrated by examples. The inadequate assessment of most diagnostic systems is one of the main reasons for their limited clinical use. New methodological and technical developments will lead to more clinical applications, if the systems are evaluated adequately.

Keywords

Computer-aided diagnosis expert systems probability evaluation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ohmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Funktionsbereich Theoretische Chirurgie, Klinik für Allgemeine und Unfallchirurgie, Zentrum für Operative Medizin IUniversität DüsseldorfDüsseldorfDeutschland

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