Monte Carlo → casino → roulette → random numbers: This is the chain of associations which gave an important method of computer simulation its name. With the help of random numbers, one can use the computer to simulate, for example, the motion of an interacting many-body system in a heat reservoir. As in the real experiment the temperature and other parameters can be varied. The materials being modeled can be heated up or cooled down, and at sufficiently low temperatures one can observe how gases liquefy, how atoms in a magnetic material get aligned, or how metals lose their electric resistance.
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