Protein Clustering on a Grassmann Manifold

  • Chendra Hadi Suryanto
  • Hiroto Saigo
  • Kazuhiro Fukui
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7632)

Abstract

We propose a new method for clustering 3D protein structures. In our method, the 3D structure of a protein is represented by a linear subspace, which is generated using PCA from the set of synthesized multi-view images of the protein. The similarity of two protein structures is then defined by the canonical angles between the corresponding subspaces. The merit of this approach is that we can avoid the difficulties of protein structure alignments because this similarity measure does not rely on the precise alignment and geometry of each alpha carbon atom. In this approach, we tackle the protein structure clustering problem by considering the set of subspaces corresponding to the various proteins. The clustering of subspaces with the same dimension is equivalent to the clustering of a corresponding set of points on a Grassmann manifold. Therefore, we call our approach the Grassmannian Protein Clustering Method (GPCM). We evaluate the effectiveness of our method through experiments on the clustering of randomly selected proteins from the Protein Data Bank into four classes: alpha, beta, alpha/beta, alpha+beta (with multi-domain protein). The results show that GPCM outperforms the k-means clustering with Gauss Integrals Tuned, which is a state-of-the-art descriptor of protein structure.

Keywords

protein structure clustering k-means Mutual Subspace Method Grassmann manifold Gauss Integrals 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chendra Hadi Suryanto
    • 1
  • Hiroto Saigo
    • 2
  • Kazuhiro Fukui
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Systems and Information Engineering, Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of TsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Bioscience and BioinformaticsKyushu Institute of TechnologyJapan

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